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Vacuum Cleaners 

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12.2022
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Vacuum Cleaners: specifications, types

Type

General type of vacuum cleaner.

The general features of the design and use of the unit depend on this parameter. In addition to conventional models, vacuum cleaners of the following types are also produced nowadays: robot vacuum cleaners, upright(regular and upright with handheld), workshop, handheld models for household(including for bed and for car) and handheld industrial, full-size industrial (construction), backsack and vacuum cleaners for fireplaces. Here is a more detailed description of each variety:

— Conventional. Traditional household vacuum cleaners are designed for cleaning apartments, residential buildings, small offices, etc. Such a unit consists of a relatively small body on wheels (for ease of movement on the floor) and a tube with a brush connected to the body with a flexible hose. It is this option that you should pay attention to if you need a “regular home vacuum cleaner” that is not designed to perform any specific tasks.

— Robot. Vacuum cleaners that work completely autonomously, without the need to co...ntrol the device. The role of the user is limited only to auxiliary tasks (unloading the collected garbage, programming the work, etc.). The robot vacuum cleaner usually has the appearance of a flat disc. Low height allows it to pass under furniture and other interior items. And specific job features may be different. So, the simplest models move along random trajectories within the room, bypassing small obstacles and turning around when they reach walls or other large obstacles. In more advanced devices, it may be possible to set the map and/or cleaning schedule, access the unit via the Internet, etc. (See "Additional operating modes", "Robot features"). However, note that robots do not provide power and capacity. So it is hardly worth choosing such a device if you need high cleaning efficiency or a large cleaning area is expected. On the other hand, such a device is perfect for maintaining the already cleanliness in apartments, private houses and other similar conditions: a robot vacuum cleaner can be run at least every day without much difficulty.

— Upright. Vacuum cleaners of this type have a specific layout: the motor, dust collector and brush are fixed on a common vertical tube, while the hose is usually completely absent in the design. Such units are designed primarily for domestic use; they are not very convenient when cleaning hard-to-reach places (like the space under sofas or beds), but they do a good job with vast open spaces. Thus, upright vacuum cleaners are quite popular, in particular in large offices and private homes. And some of these units are equipped with bendable tube (see "Tube type"), which simplifies cleaning in the hard-to-reach places mentioned above.

— Handheld (household). Handheld vacuum cleaners for domestic use are light in weight, compact and have a one-piece layout: the motor, dust collector and suction nozzle (which can be worn with a brush) are combined in one body. Such units do not differ in power, but they are extremely mobile. In addition, most often they use batteries as a source of energy which gives even greater freedom of movement. One of the most popular ways to use handheld household vacuum cleaners is to clean the interior of a car. For this, some models can be equipped with a car cigarette lighter connection (both as an additional option and as the only source of energy). As for domestic use, such units are not suitable for full-fledged cleaning in an apartment/house/office. However, they cope well with auxiliary, specific tasks: cleaning furniture and various small surfaces, collecting small debris in hard-to-reach places, etc.

— Handheld (for bed). A variety of hand-held vacuum cleaners designed for cleaning beds, upholstered furniture, mattresses, pillows, etc. The main feature of such units is advanced disinfection and pest control, especially dust mites. So, an almost obligatory element of equipping bed vacuum cleaners is a UV lamp (see below), and their suction systems and operating format are designed to effectively draw in dust mites — even “burrowed” to a considerable depth. If necessary, devices of this type can be used for more traditional cleaning, but their main purpose is to clean furniture and bedding.

— Handheld (industrial). A type of industrial vacuum cleaner that does not have wheels and is designed to be carried from place to place in the hands. It is worth saying that for the most part, such units bear little resemblance to handheld household models (see above) — they rather resemble conventional vacuum cleaners with a hose, devoid of wheels and designed for transportation in hands or on a shoulder strap (although there are exceptions). Power is usually supplied from a battery; in some models, the possibility of working from the mains may also be provided. As a result, vacuum cleaners of this type are noticeably inferior in power to classic industrial models (also see above). On the other hand, they are more mobile — also due to independence from sockets — and at the same time, they are quite capable of coping with coarse construction waste.

— Upright with handheld. Models that combine the capabilities of upright and handheld household vacuum cleaners (see above). The traditional design of such a vacuum cleaner is a handheld unit with a motor, a dust collector and a nozzle, complemented by either a removable vertical bar or an extension tube. This design allows you to choose the format of work at your discretion and use one vacuum cleaner for general cleaning (in an upright format) and small specific tasks (in a handheld form). The main disadvantage of this option can be called a lower capacity than upright and conventional household vacuum cleaners — this somewhat complicates the use of large-scale cleaning. However, due to the versatility of the devices in this category, they are much more popular than purely upright units.

— For workshop. Vacuum cleaners designed for professional cleaning in large volumes. Such units are popular in cleaning companies but can also be useful for private use. Typical examples of the use of business models are cleaning a home workshop or garage, hotel rooms, etc. In terms of layout, this type of vacuum cleaner resembles conventional models — a body with a tube on a hose — but they have several differences. The most noticeable of these are a large size and vertical layout of the hull with an overhead engine. In addition, workshop models are distinguished by high power and capacity (from 6 litres or more). They may provide wet cleaning, although most models only work in the traditional dry format (see "Cleaning type").

— Industrial (construction). Vacuum cleaners designed for cleaning industrial facilities — construction sites, factory floors, etc. In many ways, they are similar to the workshop ones described above: most models have an elongated body with a top-mounted engine, high power and large capacity. The main difference is that industrial units are designed for coarse construction waste, which more “delicate” types of vacuum cleaners cannot handle. And to collect such garbage in such units, containers are used in the form of rigid containers. Such containers may be supplemented with paper bags for ease of unloading, but this is not strictly required. In industrial vacuum cleaners, the water collection function is very popular (see below), although they are never made for washing and most often do not even provide wet cleaning. In addition, only bags are used as dust collectors; aquafilters and cyclones do not occur in such units.
Note that this category includes only industrial vacuum cleaners of the classic layout, moved on wheels. Hand and backpack models are placed in separate categories (see below).

— Backpack. Vacuum cleaners carried behind the back in the manner of a backpack — hence the name. This design combines the advantages of classic and handheld format vacuum cleaners: the unit can be made quite powerful, roomy and at the same time mobile. However, most models of this type are mains powered, and battery solutions are less common. Nevertheless, even when powered from the outlet, you can achieve good freedom of movement. It makes backpack vacuums well-suited for situations where performance and mobility are needed at the same time. The main disadvantage of this type is the rather high cost due to some design features.

— For fireplaces. Specialized vacuum cleaners designed to collect coals and ash in fireplaces, stoves, barbecues, charcoal grills, etc. One of the key features of this type of unit is resistance to high temperatures, which allows you to collect coals and ashes that have not cooled down to the end. To do this, the hoses and brushes of fireplace vacuum cleaners are made of non-flammable refractory polymers, and a metal container is usually used as the main container. In addition, filters in such models have increased efficiency and resistance to fine dust. For added convenience, a self-cleaning filter can also be provided (see below). Note that vacuum cleaners of this type are mostly quite expensive. Therefore, it makes sense to buy such equipment only in cases where you often have to deal with cleaning fireplaces — for example, if a fireplace is installed in a restaurant or hotel lobby and is used every day.

Cleaning type

Type(s) of cleaning for which the vacuum cleaner is intended.

Almost all modern units have the function of dry cleaning. In turn, wet cleaning is usually provided as an addition to the dry mode and is rarely used as the only cleaning mode. Here is a more detailed description of these options:

— Dry. Traditional cleaning without the use of water: the vacuum cleaner draws in air, collects debris in the dust container and purifies the air through a filter system. It is considered somewhat less effective than wet, but it has practically no restrictions on its use: almost any material can be cleaned in this way. In addition, such cleaning is much easier for the user (no need to fill or even drain water). And the units themselves, which have only a dry mode, are simpler and more inexpensive than similar models with a wet cleaning function. In addition, for some types of vacuum cleaners, this is the only available option. A typical example is handheld models of both household and industrial specialization (see "Product type").
We note that the possibility of water suction (see below) can be provided even in vacuum cleaners with a purely dry type of cleaning (most often in industrial and household models — see "Product type").

— Wet and dry. The ability to carry out not only the dry cleaning described above but also wet cleaning. It is in this fo...rmat that all washing vacuum cleaners work (see below). However, we emphasize that not every unit with the wet cleaning function is a washing vacuum, and even the water suction function (also see below) is not always available in such models. The fact is that many vacuum cleaners with this feature use the simplest possible operation mode: water from a special container is supplied to a special nozzle and moistens the floor after cleaning. However, even such a treatment method significantly increases efficiency compared to conventional dry cleaning. An additional nozzle collects dirt that the vacuum cleaner could not draw in, and moistening the floor refreshes the room and prevents dust from rising into the air that could remain after cleaning. For washing vacuum cleaners, in turn, other advantages are also common. The main disadvantages of all models with two types of cleaning are the complexity of the design, greater weight and higher cost than similar units with only a dry format.

— Wet. This option means that the vacuum cleaner is designed for wet cleaning only and does not require a dry operation. See above for details on these modes. Here we note that it is a very rare option used in single models of conventional and upright vacuum cleaners (see "Product type").

Washing vacuum cleaner

The most advanced type of vacuum cleaner with the function of wet cleaning (see "Cleaning type"). In the washing mode, the work proceeds as follows: water is sprayed onto the surface to be treated, which is then drawn inward along with contaminants. It allows you to cope not only with dust and small debris but also with traces of spilt liquid, including dried ones. In addition, when washing, dust does not rise into the air and moistening the floor additionally refreshes the air in the room.

Such processing is most effective on flat surfaces such as linoleum, parquet, stone, etc. For carpet, upholstery, etc. vacuum cleaning is less suitable, although some units with this function may be equipped with attachments for such materials. At the same time, almost all washing vacuum cleaners also have a classic dry cleaning mode and are therefore universal. Their main drawback is the rather high cost due to the complexity of the design.

Dust collector

The type of dust collector provided in the design of the vacuum cleaner.

Nowadays, there are three main types of dust collectors — a regular bag, a cyclone system and an aquafilter. Also, in some vacuum cleaners (in particular, industrial and fireplace models — see "Product type") dust collectors in the form of rigid containers (tanks) can be used without additional equipment. For such models, the type of dust collector in our catalogue is not specified. As for the three main types, here are their features:

— Bag. A dust collector in the form of a soft bag, simultaneously plays the role of one of the filters: air passes through the walls of the bag, and most of the contaminants are retained. Such containers are simple and inexpensive, while they can be made quite roomy. In addition, the vacuum cleaner with a bag remains operational in any position of the body. On the other hand, as the bag fills up, suction efficiency drops noticeably; and the cleaning procedure is usually quite troublesome — in particular, a lot of dust is raised into the air. Disposable bags, which are available for many models as an additional accessory, are deprived of such a drawback. However, on the other hand, the purchase of such bags is associated with additional expenses. As a result, this type of dust collector, although very popular in modern vacuum cleaners, is much less common...than the "cyclones" described below.

— Cyclone system (bagless). Dust collector based on a cyclone type air cleaner; usually has the form of a plastic bowl of a special shape. The principle of operation of such systems is that the air flow entering the dust collector is twisted into a spiral. In this case, the centrifugal force throws debris and dust out of the formed vortex, and the collected pollution sinks to the bottom of the dust collector. One of the main advantages of "cyclones" is the ease of cleaning: just turn the container over and the contents pour out of it without additional effort, and if desired, the dust collector can be easily washed. In addition, the suction force is practically independent of the degree of filling of the bowl. However, cyclones are somewhat inferior in capacity to bags, but because of the foregoing, this point is usually not fundamental. But the unequivocal disadvantages of this option are the higher cost of the same bags; a lower suction force for the same engine power; as well as a somewhat lower efficiency of catching fine dust. In light of the latter, "cyclones" have to be equipped with additional filters, which also periodically require cleaning. It is also worth bearing in mind that such systems are most effective with a regular, strictly defined position in space. If you deviate from this standard operational position, the efficiency of the dust collector may noticeably decrease, which leads to rapid clogging of the filters.

— Aquafilter. This type of dust collector looks like a container with water: the air drawn in by the vacuum cleaner passes through the liquid, which traps most of the contaminants. Such systems are highly efficient and hygienic: they capture various contaminants well, including even fine dust, without additional filters. In addition, the air released by the vacuum cleaner is additionally humidified which is especially useful in the cold season, when heating dries the air in the room. At the same time, the procedure for cleaning the dust collector itself is very simple and convenient: after cleaning, its contents can simply be poured into the sewer, while no dust rises into the air (unlike the process of cleaning cyclones and especially bags). On the other hand, it is desirable to wash and dry aquafilters after each use, which somewhat complicates maintenance. In addition, most of these vacuum cleaners are quite expensive, the passage of air through the water creates additional noise, and the water itself significantly increases the weight of the unit.
Separately, it is worth emphasizing that the presence of an aquafilter does not mean that the vacuum cleaner is washing (see above) or at least can wet cleaning (see "Cleaning type"). Quite a few models with an aquafilter work only in a dry format — and vice versa, units with a wet cleaning function may well be equipped with other types of dust collectors.

— Aquafilter + bag. This option means that the vacuum cleaner is equipped with two types of dust collectors at once — an aquafilter and a traditional bag. The features of both are described in detail above. Here we note that such models necessarily have a wet cleaning mode (see above) and/or a water suction function — an aquafilter is used for these purposes. But the bag, anyway, is intended for traditional dry cleaning. In general, this is the most common combination of the two types of dust collectors. The other variants described below are much less common.

— Aquafilter + cyclone. A combination similar to the aquafilter with a bag described above. The delivery set of such a vacuum cleaner includes two types of containers: an aquafilter for wet cleaning and/or water suction (this function can also be provided in vacuum cleaners with purely dry cleaning), as well as a cyclone system (see above) for sry cleaning .

— Cyclone system + bag. A combination found exclusively in dry cleaning models. Similar to the combinations described above, most often we are talking about the presence of two replaceable dust collectors of different types in the kit. The specific type is chosen depending on the situation. So, the cyclone system is convenient for collecting relatively large and heavy contaminants, and the bag handles better with fine dust.

Motor power

Rated power consumed by the vacuum cleaner. In models with power adjustment (see below), the maximum value is taken into account in this case. We are talking about the characteristics of the installed motor, which is the main, and in most vacuum cleaners, the only consumer of energy.

Higher power increases suction force and improves overall cleaning efficiency. In addition, a more powerful unit is easier to equip with a capacious dust collector. On the other hand, only vacuum cleaners of the same type with the same types of dust collectors can be directly compared by this parameter (see above for both). And even in such cases, the actual suction force (see below) may be different — and it is it that determines the real efficiency. However, the total power also allows you to generally evaluate the capabilities of the vacuum cleaner, including in comparison: a 1500 W model will significantly outperform its 800 W counterpart in efficiency (although it is impossible to say exactly by how much). But what definitely depends on this indicator is energy consumption.

As for specific power values, they are largely related to the type of device. For example, handheld models, robots and uproght units have low power — less than 1500 W(and often noticeably less). Such values are quite popular among other types of vacuum cleaners (conventional, industrial, workshop, etc.), but among them there are already more solid indicators — ...f="/list/90/pr-1067/">1500 – 1750 W, 1750 – 2000 W and even more than 2000 W.

Suction power

The suction power provided by the vacuum cleaner. For models with power adjustment (see below), in this case, the maximum value is taken into account. Note that "suction power" is sometimes erroneously also called the suction force, indicated in pascals; see below for more details.

Suction power is a key indicator that determines the capabilities of the unit: the higher it is, the more efficiently the vacuum cleaner can draw in various contaminants, and the better it handles with carpets, fabrics and other materials into which dust can penetrate deeply. On the other hand, high power inevitably affects the weight, power consumption, dimensions and price of the device. Therefore, it does not always make sense to chase the maximum values — you need to take into account the real working conditions and the general purpose of the vacuum cleaner.

The specific numbers found in this paragraph largely depend on the type of device. For example, in handheld household models, suction power does not exceed 100 W, and for conventional household units, an indicator of 100 – 150 W is still considered very limited. At the same time, we note that the minimum required for a full-fledged dry cleaning of smooth floors is considered to be 300 – 350 W, for carpet and other short pile coatings — 350 – 400 W, and for long pile materials and upholstered furniture higher rates are desirable. Vacuum cleaners with lower suction power values are intended not so much for periodic cleaning, but for constant (ideally daily) maintenance of cleanliness in an already tidy room.

As for the relationship between suction power and suction force, it is as follows: power is the suction force (thrust) multiplied by the airflow (performance). Without going into too much detail, we can say that the efficiency of the vacuum cleaner is determined by both of these indicators. And it is worth evaluating this efficiency by suction power (regardless of the specific relationship between traction and performance).

Suction force

The suction force provided by the vacuum cleaner. It is indicated by the maximum vacuum (negative pressure) that the unit can create at the working nozzle.

Note that this parameter is sometimes confused with the suction power described above, which is indicated in watts. Yes, suction force to some extent determines the efficiency of the unit. However, this efficiency also depends on the performance (airflow). And the suction power, indicated in watts, takes into account both of these parameters — it is determined by multiplying the suction force by the performance (see above for more details). For this reason, there is no strict relationship between this force and suction power: for example, a vacuum of 25,000 Pa can be found in models with 250 W, 200 W and even 150 W of power.

As for the practical significance of this spec, in general, a higher suction force allows you to work more efficiently with high resistance. For example, when processing carpets with a long pile. On the other hand, more pascals (with the same number of watts) means less airflow and, accordingly, less efficiency for large amounts of work at low resistance (for example, cleaning large rooms with parquet floors). Thus, it makes sense to pay attention to this indicator mainly in cases where high suction force is fundamental for you. In other cases, it is worth evaluating the capabilities of the vacuum cleaner in terms of suction power in watts.

Note that for a number of...reasons, the suction power is most often specified for robot vacuum cleaners (see “Produc type”). For such models, a value of 1500 Pa and below is considered very small, 1500 – 2000 Pa — medium, 2000 – 2500 Pa — high, more than 2500 Pa — very high.

It is also worth mentioning that the indication of suction force is often used as a publicity trick — to improve the impression of the product. For example, the suction power of 150 watts in itself is quite modest. But at the same time, the suction force of such a vacuum cleaner can be 25,000 Pa — a very impressive figure, especially for an inexperienced buyer, but having a very indirect relation to real efficiency. Especially often, such tricks are used among upright models and the already mentioned robots — these varieties initially do not differ in high power in watts. For many of these units, the characteristics only indicate the vacuum in pascals without specifying the suction power. It further enhances the impression: for example, in the specs of a modest robot, the figure "3000 Pa" looks much more impressive than "40 W". However, such figures have a very weak relation to the real capabilities of the unit and if they are not supplemented by data on suction power in watts, they should be considered solely as bait for a not particularly sophisticated buyer.

Dust collector capacity

The nominal volume of the dust collector installed in the vacuum cleaner.

This indicator largely depends on the type of unit (see above). For example, in most handheld household models, the capacity does not exceed 0.5 L. The volume of the container in upright vacuum cleaners and robots can be somewhat larger — among the first variety there are quite a few models for 1 – 2 liters or even more, and among the second — by 0.6 – 1 liter and a little more. For conventional vacuum cleaners, the minimum figure is actually about 0.8 – 1 L; dust collectors for 1 – 2 L and 2 – 4 L are very popular in such devices; the maximum capacity is actually 4 – 6 liters — units of a similar layout, but with a larger capacity, are usually referred to as household ones. In turn, relatively small containers are occasionally found among workshop models. However, in vacuum cleaners of this type, the capacity is generally quite large — it can reach 26 – 50 liters or even more ; the same applies to industrial (construction) units.

In general, a larger dust container allows you to work longer without interruptions. On the other hand, a capacious container itself takes up more space and, accordingly, affects the size, weight and price. So when choosing th...is parameter, it is worth considering the actual features of the use of a vacuum cleaner. Here we can give such an example: for a full-scale cleaning of an average city apartment, a capacity of about 1 – 1.5 litres is required. Thus, say, a 4-litre bag allows you to carry out two such cleanings with sufficient efficiency without unloading the vacuum cleaner. There are more detailed recommendations regarding the optimal volume of the dust collector, including specific cleaning options. These recommendations can be found in special sources.

Water tank capacity

A capacity of a tank for water or detergent a vacuum cleaner with a wet cleaning function is equipped with. (see "Cleaning type").

Large capacity allows you to work longer without refilling the tank. On the other hand, an increase in capacity has a corresponding effect on the size, weight and cost of the unit. Thus, manufacturers choose this parameter taking into account the general specialization and the “weight category” of a particular model. So, in robots (see "Type"), the volume of the water tank is, by definition, small. Even in the heaviest models, it does not exceed 650 mL. But other types of vacuum cleaners can differ markedly in this parameter.

In general, for non-robot units, a capacity of 1 liter or less is considered very limited, 1 – 2 liters is small, 2 – 3 liters is average, more than 3 liters is above average. However, it much depends on the type. For example, in conventional vacuum cleaners, the capacity does not exceed 2.5 liters, and "for workshop" models this is very little — in most cases, they have a tank capacity of 3 liters or more.

Power adjustment

The type of power regulator provided in the design of the vacuum cleaner.

By itself , power adjustment allows you to adjust the operating mode to the current situation. For example, to clean a thick carpet, it is better to use a vacuum cleaner on full power, and on a delicate sofa or chair, it may be better to reduce the power. Types of power regulators are distinguished by location; options can be as follows:

— On body. The most popular option among modern vacuum cleaners. The main advantage of models with this design is that they do not require special hoses (unlike the units described below with adjustments on the handle). However, installation on the body is not very convenient for conventional vacuum cleaners (see "Type") — to change the power, you have to lean towards the body every time. However, for most users, it is not critical.

— On handle. The power regulator on the handle of the vacuum hose is convenient because the control is right at your fingertips, and you can change the power with just one movement of your finger, without bending over to the body. However, this convenience has a downside. So, some of these vacuum cleaners can only be fully used with special hoses; when installing a classic hose (without a regulator), the device, at best, will only work at full power, without adjustment, at worst, it will not turn on at all. A special hose is usually included...in the kit, but finding a replacement for it can be a quite troublesome (and costly) business. In other models, a wireless remote control is used, and its presence significantly affects the price of the unit.

— On body and handle. Vacuum cleaners combine both of the options described above. Usually, a hose with a regulator on the handle is supplied with such a unit. However, if necessary, you can install a regular hose and change the power with a switch on the body. Such control is the most versatile. Nevertheless, it is more expensive than each of the options described above.

Water suction

The ability to use a vacuum cleaner to collect spilt water and other liquids.

By definition, all washing vacuum cleaners have this function (see above) but the matter is not limited to this. Water suction can also be provided for in simpler models (including even units that do not have a wet cleaning function). Accordingly, the specific possibilities for collecting liquid may be different — first of all, this concerns the maximum volume. Before use, it's ok to clarify the restrictions on the types of liquids being such. However, even the simplest vacuum cleaner with this feature can be an excellent alternative to a sponge or rag. Especially if there is a lot of liquid and it would take a long time to wipe it manually. And if a unit with similar functionality does not support wet cleaning (see “Cleaning type”) you can use water collection as an alternative: pour the liquid over the floor and then collect it with a vacuum cleaner. Of course, such a procedure can only be carried out on materials that are resistant to moisture — for parquet and laminate, not to mention carpets, it is not suitable.

Blowing function

Ability of operation of the vacuum cleaner in the air blowing mode.

As the name suggests, it is the opposite of the standard suction mode. The air is not drawn into the hose but is forced out of it. This function significantly expands the functionality of the vacuum cleaner. In particular, it allows you to use the unit as a leaf blower for cleaning fallen leaves from the porch or paths in the yard, or for sweeping large debris into one pile. At the same time, blowing is especially useful where suction cannot be applied — like on paths covered with rubble. In addition, this mode can be useful for cleaning some hard-to-reach places — for example, radiators and other slots in the “hardware” of a computer: for several reasons, blowing out such places often turns out to be more effective than drawing in dirt.

Usually, to use this mode, it is enough to rearrange the hose from the main working port to the "purge" one.

Dust collector indicator

Presence in the vacuum cleaner dust collector filling indicator.

The general meaning of this function is already clear from the name: it is an indicator that informs the user about the fullness of the dust collector. At the same time, we note that the features of the operation of such a pointer may be different. The simplest option is a mechanical or electrical device that works when the amount of debris in the dust collector approaches a critical level. More advanced indicators can show a specific degree of filling at any time. In advanced vacuum cleaners, complex electronic systems can be used with values displayed on a display or a light indicator.

This function is most popular in models with bags (see "Dust collector") since without an indicator it would be necessary to control the fullness of such a vacuum cleaner manually — by opening the dust collector compartment and checking by touch how tightly the bag is filled. In cyclone systems, fill indicators are very rare and in aquafilters — even less often: both there and there, transparent materials are often used to allow you to see the amount of debris inside without opening the vacuum cleaner.

Fine filter

The presence of a HEPA fine filter in the vacuum cleaner; also in this paragraph, the specific class of this filter is often specified.

HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Absorbing) filters are designed to purify the air from the smallest mechanical contaminants — up to tenths of a micron in size. It allows you to trap not only fine dust but even bacteria. For comparison: the size of most bacteria starts at 0.5 microns, and the effectiveness of HEPA filters is evaluated by the ability to retain particles with a size of 0.1 – 0.3 microns. The most advanced such filters ( class 13 and above) are able to remove more than 99.9% of these particles from the air. Here is a more detailed description of the different classes:

— HEPA 10 – traps at least 85% of particles with a size of 0.1 – 0.3 microns;
— HEPA 11 – at least 95% of such particles;
— HEPA 12 – not less than 99.5%;
— HEPA 13 – not less than 99.95%;
— HEPA 14 – not less than 99.995%;

Note that pollution with a size of 0.1 – 0.3 microns is the worst-kept by HEPA filters, so with particles of other sizes (both larger and smaller), the efficiency of such elements will be even higher.

Regarding the choice for this parameter, it is worth noting that, in fact, it does not always make sense to pursue a high filtration class. For example, during wet cleaning with a washing vacuum cleaner (see abov...e), the HEPA filter, in fact, is not needed at all (in many models, it is recommended to remove it altogether for such cases). So if you plan to use such a vacuum cleaner mainly for washing, you can ignore this parameter. Another specific case is industrial units (see "Type"): they are often used for rough cleaning of large debris, where thorough air filtration is not required.

UV lamp

The ultraviolet lamp illuminating the space processed by the vacuum cleaner.

Such equipment is found mainly in two types of modern vacuum cleaners — in almost all handheld bed models (see "Product type"), as well as in some robots. In the first case, the lamp is usually built-in; in the second, it can be detachable. However, the function is the same: UV radiation quite effectively destroys harmful microorganisms, without releasing harmful substances and without harming people and pets. Of course, we are not talking about complete disinfection. Nevertheless, the use of a UV lamp anyway improves the quality of cleaning.

Separately, we emphasize that when using vacuum cleaners with such a lamp, one should take care to avoid getting ultraviolet light into the eyes. It is especially important to be careful when working with handheld models.

Cartridge filter

The presence of a cartridge filter in the design of the vacuum cleaner.

Such a filter has the form of a ribbed (corrugated) cylinder made of special porous paper. One of its key advantages is the ease of cleaning: in relatively simple models, it is enough to remove the filter element from the vacuum cleaner and shake it out well. In more advanced units, self-cleaning may be provided at all (see below). In addition, such equipment allows you to do without a special bag (see "Dust collector") and use a simple container to collect dirt. On the other hand, cartridge filters are quite bulky and, due to their design features, are poorly suited for general purpose vacuum cleaners. So you can find such equipment mainly in specialized professional units — industrial, workshop, for fireplaces (see "Product type").

Self cleaning filter

The presence of a self-cleaning filter function in the vacuum cleaner. If such a procedure is performed automatically, this point will also be specified in this paragraph; if there is no such specification, it means that the cleaning mode is turned on exclusively manually.

Filter self-cleaning is found mainly in certain types of industrial vacuum cleaners (see "Product type") — namely, in models with pleated filters, including cartridge filters (see above). The main advantage of this feature is that it allows you to remove dirt from the filter without removing it or disassembling the vacuum cleaner — this greatly simplifies maintenance. In this case, the specific principle of self-cleaning operation may be different. So, in some models, a vibration system is used: accumulated contaminants are shaken off the filter into a dust collector or a separate container. After that, they can be easily thrown away; and although you still have to partially disassemble the vacuum cleaner, it is still much easier than removing the filter and cleaning it manually. Another option is reverse blowing: the vacuum cleaner is turned on in reverse, and the accumulated contaminants fly out through the hose. Here, a minimum of effort is required from the user at all — it is enough to cover the hose or direct it in the right direction. In some vacuum cleaners, it is even possible to insert a hose into the dust collector and blow out the dirt there.
...> As for automatic self-cleaning, it can be carried out according to a schedule, at certain intervals, or by a command from a sensor that detects filter contamination and a drop in suction efficiency. Such systems relieve the user of the need to independently monitor the condition of the filter. On the other hand, they are rather complicated and expensive. Besides, they can only be used for vibrational self-cleaning.

Additional operating modes

Additional modes of operation provided by the robot cleaner (see "Product type").

First of all, let us clarify that the standard modes, in this case, include two formats of cleaning at standard power — continuous, in which the vacuum cleaner carefully cleans the entire room (or its specified area), and chaotic, in which it moves randomly within the working area. Other ways of working are considered additional; their list is given in this paragraph. Among the most common additional modes are spot cleaning (Spot), perimeter cleaning (Edge), and turbo mode. In addition, a fairly popular function is the Zigzag. Here is a detailed description of the different options:

— Spot cleaning (Spot). A mode that allows you to use the vacuum cleaner for targeted cleaning of a relatively small area of the room — for example, when spilling a small amount of debris. Most often, this program works as follows: the robot moves to the centre of a user-defined zone, and then starts moving from this point in an expanding spiral and stops at a given distance from the starting position.

— Perimeter cleaning (Edge). A mode that allows you to start the vacuum cleaner around the perimeter of a given zone. By the name, it is mainly used for cleaning along the walls of the room: a lot of dirt accumulates in these places, which are difficult...to remove when using standard cleaning modes.

— Turbo mode. Power mode for more suction force. Usually, the movement of the vacuum cleaner, in this case, can be carried out according to any programme available in the settings — both standard (combing, random movement) and additional (Spot, Edge, Zigzag). Anyway, the turbo mode is useful primarily for cleaning carpets and other floor coverings with pile, for which the standard power of the vacuum cleaner is not enough. However, working at increased traction increases the load on the unit and increases its wear. Therefore, most models have restrictions on the maximum time of continuous operation in turbo mode and sometimes on the minimum duration of breaks between switching on this mode.

— Zigzag. Zigzag movement is a kind of transitional variant between the orderly combing of the room and the random choice of direction. Zigzag allows you to achieve greater efficiency than chaotic movements. In addition, with such a movement, it is easier to compensate for the presence of various obstacles and ensure thorough cleaning of the entire given area.

Cleaning area limit

A method for limiting the processed space provided in a robot vacuum cleaner.

Another name for this feature is "virtual wall". Its general meaning is quite obvious: a “wall” (or several walls) allows you to limit the movement of the robot on the surface to be cleaned. It can be useful if cleaning needs to be done in a room without a door. Or if part of the floor is occupied by small items that do not need to be cleaned (for example, pieces of a puzzle being assembled). But the specific possibilities of such a restriction are directly related to how it is implemented. Here are the main options found in modern robots:

— Laser sensor. A fairly popular option due to its simplicity, low cost, as well as simplicity and ease of use in fact. Usually, when installing the laser limiter, it is enough to put it on the floor and point it in the right direction. On the other hand, such devices are not well suited for creating complex borders. The classic format of the laser limiter is linear: a doorway or room is blocked by a direct beam, which is perceived by the robot as the boundary of the treated area. In addition, some models may also provide a circular mode, when the sensor forms a "forbidden zone" in the form of a circle or sector of a certain diameter. This format of work allows to fence off the corners of rooms and small areas near the walls (a typical example is the location of a dog or cat bowl in the kitchen). If you need...to create a border of a different, more specific shape, this will require several sensors at best (even though one limiter is usually supplied in the kit if supplied at all); and in the worst case, it will be completely impossible. It is also worth considering that the range of the laser in linear mode is usually limited to 3 – 4 metres; this is most often sufficient for residential premises and small offices. However, it may not be enough for a large space. And the emitters are usually powered by batteries or accumulators, the charge of which is limited.

— Magnetic tape. Limiter in the form of a tape made of magnetic material laid on the floor. Such a tape is spotted by a special sensor and is perceived by the robot as a border that cannot be crossed. For secure fixation, it is usually made self-adhesive, and the intensity of the magnetic field in most cases ensures effective operation through carpets and other similar coverings. One of the key advantages of such restraints is that almost any shape of the restricted zone can be formed from the sections of tape: the length of individual sections can be chosen at your discretion, and the maximum total length is limited only by the stock of tape at hand. In addition, this type of limiter does not require power. The disadvantages of this option include the complexity of laying in some conditions (for example, under a continuous carpet covering). In addition, at best, a very small amount of tape is included in the package; and many vacuum cleaners are not equipped with it at all, so you need to buy a magnetic tape additionally.

— Via the application. The most advanced way to limit cleaning: the boundaries of the working area are set on a smartphone or other gadget through an application that is also used for general control of the robot. Almost all models with this function also have the function of building a map of the premises (see below) — the finished map is displayed in the application, and on it the user can set the boundaries of the working area at will. The simplest version of such borders is separate straight lines. However, control applications often provide more extensive features: broken lines and polygons from individual segments, standard shapes (circle, oval, rectangle) and even the ability to draw a border by hand. Anyway, this method of restriction is extremely convenient and functional. However, robot vacuum cleaners with this capability are expensive, mainly due to the presence of a complex mapping system.

Robot features

Additional functions provided in the design of the robot vacuum cleaner (see "Type").

Most often in modern robots you can find such special functions: scheduled cleaning, fall protection, obstacle sensor, carpet detection, object recognition, water supply adjustment, control via the Internet, remote control and video surveillance camera. Here is a more detailed description of each of them:

- Scheduled cleaning. The ability to set a schedule according to which the vacuum cleaner will clean automatically, without additional commands from the customer. At the same time, the specific features of such programming may be different, they should be specified separately. So, in the simplest models, the schedule is limited to individual hours within a day - for example, from 16 to 17; at the set hours, the vacuum cleaner is switched on every day. More advanced devices may provide a schedule for the days of the week or even for the dates of the month or year. In any case, this function greatly simplifies the use: it is enough to set the schedule once - and you can not worry about cleaning for at least a few days; especially since most models with this capability also have...the function of docking(see “Robot Configuration - Charging Station”), and the customer only needs to periodically empty the dust container (which is even more simplified if there is a docking station with a bag - see . below).

- Fall protection. Special protection that prevents the vacuum cleaner from falling off steps, high thresholds, etc. In most cases, the basis of such a system is one or more sensors located on the underside of the case. When the vacuum cleaner travels to the edge of the surface being treated, the sensor reacts to this edge - as a result, the device stops and changes direction in order to avoid falling.

- Obstacle sensor. Sensor (or sensor system) for detecting obstacles in the path of the vacuum cleaner. The specific type of such sensors can be different: ultrasonic, infrared, laser, contact, etc. However, in any case, this function allows the device to move in space, avoiding collisions and determining the best detour path. Note that models without such a sensor, for the most part, are also able to bypass obstacles - however, for this, the robot must not only stumble upon a foreign object, but try to pass through it. And only in case of failure, the trajectory changes - moreover, randomly, far from always in the optimal (or at least suitable) direction.

- Determination of carpets. The automatic carpet detection feature of robotic vacuum cleaners improves dry efficiency on low to medium pile carpets. When driving on carpet, the vacuum cleaner automatically increases the motor speed and suction power in order to achieve the proper cleaning result. As a rule, robot vacuum cleaners with support for this mode are equipped with a turbo brush and a capacious dust collector. It should be borne in mind that when cleaning carpets at high power, the battery life of the vacuum cleaner is reduced.

- Recognition of objects. The function of recognizing various objects on the floor that may interfere with the cleaning process. It is implemented through the presence of a front camera to adjust the optimal route for the vacuum cleaner along the perimeter of the serviced area. The camera in the design of the robotic cleaner reads the outlines of objects and allows you to bypass such obstacles. As a result, slippers, socks thrown under the bed, children's's toys and wires will no longer interfere with the movements of the vacuum cleaner. The function is of particular benefit in the presence of pets at home that are not accustomed to the tray - the robot will calmly has their waste products and keep the nervous system of pet owners healthy.

— Adjustment of water supply. Dosing system for the degree of wetting of the washing cloth in automatic mode. The ability to select the intensity of the water supply allows you to adjust the operation of the robotic vacuum cleaner for different types of floor coverings. For example, for parquet and laminate, the customer can set a low water flow rate, and for less whimsical tiled flooring, a high water flow rate. Also, the vacuum cleaner can turn off the water supply to avoid leaks, for example, when charging. In advanced models of robotic vacuum cleaners, the function of choosing an individual degree of wetting of the napkin for each of the rooms of the dwelling is often incorporated.

— Docking station with a bag. Docking station with its own trash bag. Upon arrival at such a stand, the robot can not only recharge the battery, but also carry out self-cleaning - unload the collected garbage into an external container; The capacity of the dock, as a rule, is enough for several unloadings. The convenience of this function is obvious: it allows the device to work longer without customer intervention, eliminates the need to manually clean the vacuum cleaner when the dust container is full (besides, unloading garbage from the dock is usually easier than such cleaning). True, and such opportunities are quite expensive.

- Management from the Internet. The ability to control the vacuum cleaner via the Internet - most often through a special application on a smartphone or other gadget (theoretically, such control is also possible through a web page that opens in any browser, but in practice this method is almost never used). The robot itself is connected to the network via Wi-Fi. The main advantage of this function is obvious - it allows you to give commands to the device from anywhere in the world where there is Internet access. In this way, for example, you can start a cleaning program the day before you return from vacation in order to return to a freshly cleaned apartment. And the vacuum cleaner, in turn, can send various notifications to the customer - about the state of the battery, the progress of cleaning, the fullness of the dust container, etc.

- Remote control. A classic remote control that allows you to give commands to the device from a distance. As a rule, such a remote control covers all the main functions of the vacuum cleaner, and in many models it also allows you to directly control the movement. In any case, without remote access, it would be very difficult to control a moving vacuum cleaner - you would either have to wait until it finishes working, or catch the unit on the go. In light of this, this feature is very popular; however, on sale you can find a lot of robots without a remote control. As a rule, these are either the simplest budget devices with a random movement mode and without any additional functions, or advanced models where a smartphone / tablet with an application is used for control.
We also note that the remote controls in robotic vacuum cleaners usually work via an infrared channel - similar to remote controls for TVs, air conditioners, etc. Thus, to receive a command, the vacuum cleaner must be in the line of sight. However, in most cases this can not be called a serious inconvenience.

- Videcam. Own surveillance camera built right into the vacuum cleaner. This feature is only found on web-based models (see above); it allows you to use the robot as a remote video surveillance system and control the situation in the room, being outside and watching the picture from the camera on the smartphone screen. Also, the built-in camera can be used in the mapping system (see "Building a room map") - however, we note that not every vacuum cleaner with a built-in mapping camera has a video surveillance function.

Mapping system

The mapping system is provided in many modern robots. It allows you to determine the size of the room and the location of various obstacles present in it, as well as fix the route travelled by the vacuum cleaner. There are various systems according to their principle of operation, among which there are three types. Methods for building a map based on data from a sensor or a camera belonging to the basic level. But building a map using a laser rangefinder (lidar) gives more accurate results and elevates the device to a higher category. Accordingly, the presence of such a system affects the overall cost but provides several advantages. Firstly, cleaning efficiency is noticeably increased: the robot remembers which areas have already been cleaned and pays maximum attention to untreated areas. Secondly, movements are carried out along optimal trajectories, the shortest paths; this saves energy and extends battery life. Thirdly, it becomes possible to effectively clean large spaces of complex shape (for example, the entire apartment). And if the vacuum cleaner is controlled through an application on a smartphone or other gadget, the created map is displayed in this application. It gives various additional features: correcting the collected data, real-time device control, building routes, limiting cleaning through the application (see above), etc. P.

As for the methods of building maps (and further naviga...tion), there are mainly such options:

— Camera. Such systems work because the robot, using a digital camera, “examines” the room, remembering its shape and the location of objects. A fairly simple, inexpensive and at the same time practical way: usually, the camera is supplemented by an object recognition algorithm, thanks to which it can recognize obstacles stored in memory, regardless of their position in space. It is useful when you have items that are frequently moved around, such as chairs. In addition, if the map is displayed in an application on a smartphone, it looks like not just a conventional diagram but a real image, which is very convenient. The disadvantages of this option include perhaps a slightly lower accuracy than that of sensors and even more so rangefinders. However, it is not critical, and in some models, information from the camera can be supplemented with data from sensors, which completely reduces this drawback to zero.

— Sensors. Creating a map through the operation of various special sensors. Most often, such systems use sensors for obstacles and fall protection (see "Robot features"), working in conjunction with an inertial module that determines the current position of the robot in space. Receiving a signal from one of the sensors, the robot saves data on the trigger point; from such points, as a result, the map is formed. It is a fairly reliable method. It is inferior in accuracy to rangefinding cartography (see below) but it is also cheaper. The disadvantages of this type of mapping include some inconvenience when managing via the application. The map is displayed in the form of a scheme map, which is not always convenient for the user. In addition, vacuum cleaners with such systems are unable to respond in advance to a change in the situation — this change is determined only when the sensor is triggered again.

— Rangefinder (laser). Building a map using a laser range finder — lidar. Usually, such a rangefinder covers the space all 360 ° around the vacuum cleaner, scanning the space at a high frequency (hundreds and even thousands of measurements per second in all directions). It allows you to create very accurate maps in a short time and with a minimum of movement in space. In addition, the rangefinder is used not only during the initial mapping but also during further work. Thanks to this, the robot instantly reacts to changes in the environment and corrects the trajectory of movement. The main disadvantage of such systems is their rather high cost. In addition, as in the case of sensors, when controlling the vacuum cleaner from a smartphone, the map is displayed in the form of a scheme map, which is somewhat less convenient than when using cameras.

— Rangefinder + camera. It is the most advanced and functional option: the laser provides high accuracy in determining distances and a quick response to changes in the environment. And the camera allows you to create not just scheme maps but realistic images of premises that are convenient when controlled via a smartphone. The main disadvantage of such combined systems is their very high cost. Therefore, they are extremely rare, mainly in premium robot vacuum cleaners.

multi-map memory

Advanced models of robotic vacuum cleaners can havemulti-map memory. Thanks to this feature, when moving the robot to another floor, it does not need to reacquaint itself with the premises and build a new map. As a result, cleaning will be done faster and better.

Voice assistant

Types of voice assistants supported by the robot vacuum cleaner.

As the name implies, this function allows you to control the robot using voice commands. However, we emphasize that in this case, we are not talking about the voice recognition system built into the vacuum cleaner but about compatibility with an external device on which the corresponding voice assistant is installed — a smartphone, tablet, smart speaker, etc. Thus, to use voice control, an additional device will inevitably be required; on the other hand, there are no problems with the search for such a device nowadays. And in itself, such a control method often turns out to be more convenient than a command from the remote control or searching for the desired option in the control application.

As for specific assistants, the most popular nowadays are (in alphabetical order) Amazon Alexa, Apple Siri, Google Assistant. And in robot vacuum cleaners, compatibility can be provided both with one of them and with several at once. The specific control functionality available through the voice assistant should be specified separately for each model. It is also worth paying attention to the supported languages: for Siri, the language must be selected in the settings, for the Google Assistant, automatic language recognition is available (some adjustment may be required), and in Alexa (as of early 2021) support for the Russian language is not provided at all.

Body shape

Traditionally, robot vacuum cleaners are made with a round body shape. Less common are instances of robot cleaners with a square body and D-shaped .

- Round. The most versatile version of the performance of robot vacuum cleaners. Models with a round body shape easily go around all sorts of obstacles and captivate with excellent manoeuvrability. However, due to their design, round robotic vacuum cleaners are not the best at cleaning corners.

- Square. Square vacuum cleaners easily drive right up to the corner and effectively sweep debris from hard-to-reach places. In open space, these robots are not inferior in terms of cleaning quality to round counterparts.

- D-shaped. A transitional option between round and square robot vacuum cleaners aimed at efficient cleaning in all corners of the serviced premises. Also included in this category are robots with triangular body shape.

Cleaning area

Cleaning area for which the robot vacuum cleaner is designed.

It is the maximum size of the room that the device can effectively process without the need to empty the dust container or charge the battery. It is worth choosing according to this parameter with a certain margin — this will give an additional guarantee in case of various emergencies. On the other hand, you should not take too much stock: after all, a large cleaning area requires more capacious batteries and capacious dust collectors, which significantly affects the dimensions, weight, and most importantly, the price of the vacuum cleaner.

As for specific figures, the most modest models nowadays are designed for 45 – 60 m2 — this corresponds to an average apartment with 1 – 2 rooms. And in the most advanced and heavy devices of this type, the cleaning area can be 300 m2 or even more.

Crossing threshold

The highest height of thresholds and various small obstacles that the robot cleaner can effectively overcome.

Most modern robots are able to effectively cope with obstacles with a height of 10 to 18 mm — this allows at least without problems to cross the edges of carpets, and small height differences at the boundaries of rooms (due to the difference in the type of coating), etc. But the models where the indicator is 20 mm or more are already referred to as robots capable of crossing high thresholds. However, even in such devices, the permissible height of obstacles does not exceed 30 mm. It is due to the fact that to overcome high obstacles, in particular, large wheels and high ground clearance are needed — and these features, in turn, increase the overall height of the robot, make it difficult to move under furniture and other low-lying objects, as well as reduce suction efficiency. On the other hand, even thin robots, whose height does not exceed 70 mm, can have very good crossing ability — for some of them, the maximum threshold height is about 25 mm.

Nozzle functions

We emphasize that in this paragraph we describe the functions of the vacuum cleaner nozzles and not the types of nozzles themselves. It is because one device can have several functions at once: for example, a crevice nozzle, which is also used as a dust nozzle. So the total number of nozzles may differ from the number of items in this list. Although exceptions are possible (when several nozzles of the same type are supplied in the kit, differing in size).

The main functions found in the nozzles of modern vacuum cleaners are as follows: combined (floor/carpet), crevice (including telescopic crevice), dust brush, for sofa, parquet, turbobrush(regular, mini turbobrush or electricturbobrush . However, sometimes the best choice is vacuum cleaners without turbobrushes, and for handheld vacuum cleaners — angle brush, microfibre, mop, floor polisher (for wiping), for mattresses, for animals, twister for hose, siphon nozzle, ...f="/list/90/pr-41987/">flexible hose and tool adapter. For robots, side brushes are important, which can be one or two. Here is a detailed description of these, as well as some other features:

— Side brush. Function found exclusively in robots (see "Product type"). Such a brush protrudes to the side beyond the body and captures the space on the side. It increases the overall width of the operating area and allows you to effectively clean places that are inaccessible to the main brush of the robot (which is located at the bottom of the body). Typical examples of such places are the space near the walls of the room and at the bases of cabinet furniture, crevices under baseboards, etc. Note that this option is indicated when there is only one side brush; the presence of a pair of such brushes is specified separately (see below).

— 2 side brushes. The presence in the robot vacuum cleaner of two side brushes on both sides of the body. See above for more details on the side brush as a whole. This design option slightly increases the cost but significantly improves efficiency compared to a single side brush. The width of the operating area is evenly increased. And when cleaning hard-to-reach places, it does not matter which side the vacuum cleaner is turned to such a place — there is an additional brush on each side.

— Combined (floor/carpet). A function that allows you to use one nozzle for dry cleaning of various types of floor coverings — both hard (linoleum, parquet, laminate, tiles ...) and carpets. Accessories with this function are extremely popular. They are found in almost all conventional vacuum cleaners (see "Product type"), in many household vacuums, as well as professional models (except hand-held industrial and fireplace vacuum cleaners). The nozzle itself usually has a T-shape, rather large dimensions and a swivel mount that improves mobility. And adjustment for different types of surfaces is carried out due to the retractable brush. The bristles of such a brush are convenient for cleaning hard surfaces. And when cleaning carpets and other fleecy materials, the brush can be removed so that the nozzle fits snugly against the pile and effectively draws dust and small debris out of it.

— Crevice. This function means that the nozzle is equipped with a flat working part with a narrow slot at the end. This design is suitable for cleaning hard-to-reach places — spaces between pieces of furniture, crevices under baseboards, gaps between radiator sections, etc. The width of the crevice nozzle (and, accordingly, the length of the crevice) usually does not exceed the diameter of the vacuum cleaner pipe, but the length of the flat part can be different. Moreover, each option has its advantages: long models can reach further into narrow gaps, while short ones are more manoeuvrable and more comfortable in general.

— Dust. A function that allows you to collect dust from small hard surfaces, such as armrests of chairs, picture frames, lamp shades, etc. Traditional accessories with this ability are in the form of small round brushes but there is another variety — wider nozzles (also with brushes), somewhat similar to a smaller version of the floor/carpet format fixtures (see above). The second variety is often referred to as furniture nozzles. Some of these accessories have removable bristles and can be used as nozzles for a sofa (see below).

— For sofa. A function that allows you to effectively clean the upholstery furniture and other similar items — mattresses, car seats, etc. Brushes with this function can have different designs and application features. The simplest option is a T-shaped device, similar to a reduced combination nozzle (see above), which does not have bristles, but is often equipped with strips of the fine pile — they effectively collect hair and wool from the upholstery. Some of these devices are equipped with removable bristles and can also be used as dust ones (see above). A more expensive and advanced option is beater brushes that provide additional impact; this effect increases efficiency, allowing the removal of dust and other small contaminants even at fairly great depths. Also, some turbobrushes and mini turbobrushes may be intended for upholstered furniture (see below). For vacuum cleaners equipped with such accessories, both this function and the mini turbobrush are indicated in the specifications.

— Parquet. A function that allows you to use the nozzle for effective and gentle cleaning of parquet and other hard floor coverings. A nozzle with this function is similar to the combined one described above. However, the bristles in it are non-removable and they are designed to minimize the risk of damaging the coating. Nevertheless, the specific characteristics of such nozzles may be different. So if you have to work with delicate surfaces — the ability of such an application needs to be specified separately.

— Turbobrush. The working part of a classic turbobrush is a horizontal roller driven by airflow. This design allows you to effectively collect hair, wool and other similar debris (for example, thread). But the specific design and specialization of the turbo brush can be different. Models, where the roller is equipped with bristles, are designed mainly for fleecy surfaces like carpets. And some of these nozzles are reduced in size and are intended for cleaning upholstery furniture (in such cases, the function “for sofa” is also indicated in this list). In turn, rollers with soft short pile are great for smooth surfaces — including rather delicate ones, like parquet. Thus, there may be several turbobrushes in the kit — for different tasks.
Note that the turbobrush must be periodically cleaned from collected contaminants. In addition, such a nozzle slightly reduces the overall suction efficiency since part of the suction power is spent on rotating the roller. Electric versions are deprived of this drawback, but they also have their own disadvantages — see below for more details. Also note that even mechanical turbobrushes are quite expensive, even though their advantages over conventional fixed attachments become noticeable only when cleaning hair and long hair. Therefore, if you do not regularly have to deal with such pollution, it most likely makes sense to choose a vacuum cleaner without a turbo brush.

— Mini turbobrush. A reduced version of the turbobrush — conventional (see above) or electric (see below). Compactness allows to effectively use such a brush in hard-to-reach places and on small surfaces. Actually, the main purpose of most mini-turbo brushes is to clean wool and hair from upholstered furniture. In addition, some of these nozzles are also well suited for cleaning carpets on narrow stairs.

— Electric turbobrush. Devices that are almost completely similar to the turbobrushes described above with the exception that the roller, in this case, is driven not by an air stream but by an electric motor installed in the nozzle itself. The main advantage of electric nozzles is the higher efficiency (with the same suction power). Firstly, such nozzles practically do not affect suction power, while traditional mechanical turbobrushes lose part of this power, spending it on rotating the roller. Secondly, the speed of rotation of the electric turbo brush does not depend on the airflow, and the torque of the electric motor can be quite high. The downside of these advantages is the complexity and high cost of the nozzles, as well as the need to use special tubes and hoses with them, supplemented by wiring to power the electric motor.

— Angle. This function means that the vacuum cleaner is equipped with a device that allows you to place the working nozzle at an angle (usually perpendicular) to the main tube. In this case, the specific design of such a device may be different. In some models, this is an additional adapter in the form of an L-shaped tube on which different nozzles are installed. In others, the L-shaped nozzle itself is made of one type or another — for example, dust (see above). Thirdly, such an adapter or nozzle is equipped with a swivel joint, which allows you to place the working part at different angles. All such devices make it much easier to clean in some hard-to-reach places.
We note that it makes little sense to use angle adapters with combined floor/carpet nozzles (see above) — such devices usually have swivel joints and do not require additional equipment to rotate them.

— Microfibre. Microfibre cloth for wet cleaning. It is worth saying that for some models with such equipment, only dry cleaning is claimed in the specification (see "Cleaning type"). But this only means that the vacuum cleaner does not have its sprayer and the microfibre must be wetted manually. In general, such a nozzle is most popular in robots. However, it is also found in upright models (mostly upright with handheld ones, see "product type"). In the first case, the microfibre is installed on the lower part of the body. In the second case, on one of the working nozzles. However, microfibre is effective in wet cleaning: it perfectly absorbs dirt and is easily washed from them. On the other hand, it makes sense to use such a nozzle (like any wet cleaning device) mainly on linoleum, parquet and other hard surfaces.

— Twister for hose. A small cyclone-type container (see "Dust collector") mounted directly on the hose of the vacuum cleaner; usually at the joint with the pipe. Most often is used in vacuum cleaners with a bag. Twister performs several useful functions at once. Firstly, it traps most of the dust and allows you to work longer without cleaning the bag; and cleaning the twister is much easier and faster than cleaning the bag. Secondly, the container on the hose is usually made transparent which makes it easier to monitor the amount of dust collected. Thirdly, it is easier to get a small but necessary item (coin, memory card, etc.) accidentally sucted by the unit from the twister. The disadvantage of such a device is that it makes the hose more bulky and heavy, reducing mobility.

— Siphon nozzle. A function that allows you to use a vacuum cleaner to clean sewage in kitchen sinks. For such cleaning, specialized nozzles are used, which are similar in shape and principle of operation to plungers. The difference is that the suction that clears a clogged pipe is created by the operation of the vacuum cleaner. All units equipped with such nozzles have the function of water suction. However, they may not be washing vacuums(see above) and may not even have the ability of wet cleaning (see “Cleaning type”).

— Flexible hose. The presence of this function is specified for vacuum cleaners that are not related to conventional ones (see "Product type") — the latter is equipped with a hose by default and there is no need to specifically mention this accessory for them. In other cases, a flexible hose can be both the main working accessory (for example, industrial vacuum cleaners, including most handheld ones) and an additional accessory (for example, upright units). In the latter case, the hose allows you to reach places that are inaccessible without such a device when cleaning.

— Adapter for tools. A function that allows the use of a vacuum cleaner in combination with various electric and sometimes pneumatic tools for cleaning production waste right in the process. It is found mainly in professional-level units — industrial (including handheld) and for workshop (household vacuum cleaners are poorly suited for working with large amounts of chips and sawdust). However, the specific design and purpose of such an adapter may be different. Most often, it has the form of a kind of cone, made up of "steps" of different diameters and is used to connect to tools that are originally equipped with nozzles for a vacuum cleaner. At the same time, the dimensions of the "steps" of the adapter correspond to several standard diameters in which nozzles are made on tools. (Some units with this equipment even have an auto-on function when the tool is turned on; see "Built-in socket" for more details). However, before buying such a unit, it's ok to clarify the compatibility of the adapter with specific tool models.
Another version of the "tool" adapter is a kind of cover that covers the area around the place of work and is used mainly with drills and hammers. In such a cover there are two holes: one — with a pipe for connecting a vacuum cleaner, the second — for the working nozzle of the tool. The circumference of the hole for the tool is often made of characteristic "petals", reducing the risk of damage to the drill or other nozzle in case of accidental contact with the adapter. However, such devices are rarely included in the package — they are more popular as separately sold accessories.

In addition to those described above, in modern vacuum cleaners, there are other, more specific functions of nozzles, in particular:

— Washing. Sometimes the presence of this function is specifically indicated for washing vacuum cleaners — mainly to clarify the features of the washing nozzle. So, it can be intended for different surfaces (for smooth floors or carpets/furniture), have different sizes, etc. However, the principle of construction of all such nozzles is the same: the design necessarily has a nozzle for spraying detergent, and the working part usually has the appearance of a thin and rather wide gap. This design most effectively handles with the collection of liquid.

— Ultraviolet lamp. An ultraviolet lamp, built-in in one of the main nozzles — most often in combined for floors/carpets (see above), but exceptions are possible. Such equipment allows the vacuum cleaner to carry out not only ordinary cleaning but also additional disinfection: UV radiation handles well with most pathogens. At the same time, it is harmless to people and pets if you follow the safety rules specified in the documentation for the vacuum cleaner. Of course, we are not talking about one hundred per cent disinfection. However, the use of a UV lamp anyway improves the quality of cleaning.

— Flexible crevice. A special variety of the crevice nozzles described above is with a flexible working part. This design of the nozzle allows it to penetrate even into curved slots that are inaccessible to a traditional rigid design.

— For pets. This function allows you to use the vacuum cleaner to collect hair from pets that tend to shed heavily, especially long-haired dogs and cats. A specialized nozzle for such tasks is an improved “comb”: it effectively removes loose hair, which is immediately drawn in by a vacuum cleaner. And at the same time does not create discomfort for the animal (the main thing is to accustom the pet to the noise of the vacuum cleaner itself).

— Pulverizer. A feature found in some vacuum cleaners with a wet cleaning function (see “Cleaning type”). Usually, it is implemented through a special nozzle designed exclusively for spraying liquid.

Source of power

The type of power source used by the vacuum cleaner. Note that for robots equipped with charging stations (see “Robot features”), the power supply of the robot itself is indicated (battery is standard); the station is connected to the mains in almost all models.

The main types of power sources found in modern vacuum cleaners are mains, a battery and car cigarette lighter. They can be used both individually and in various combinations with each other. Here are the features of each of these options:

— Mains. Powered by a normal household outlet. This option is suitable for vacuum cleaners of almost any power, and the operating time from the mains is unlimited. The main disadvantage of this type of power supply is the dependence on sockets, as well as the presence of a power cord that limits mobility and can get underfoot. However, the length of the power cord is usually enough for most situations. And in extreme cases, you can use an extension cord. Thus, the vast majority of conventional vacuum cleaners, as well as heavy professional equipment (for workshop, industrial units, etc. — see "Product type") use this type of power supply — in such models, the advantages described above most often outweigh the disadvantages. But among upright and handheld units (including industrial ones), connecting to the mains is not popular — in them, manufacturers often opt for...mobility and use batteries.

— Battery. Powered by its battery; in some models, it can be detachable, in others — built-in. Anyway, such power makes the vacuum mobile and autonomous. Mobility is not limited to the power cord and you can work even in the absence of sockets. However, these advantages also have a downside. First of all, battery units are noticeably heavier and more expensive than similar models with a mains power supply. Secondly, it is the limited operating time: after the charge is exhausted, you will have to take a break to recharge the battery, sometimes quite long (in models with detachable batteries, you can simply change the dead battery to a fresh one — but, again, you need to have a fresh battery in stock for this). In addition, the more powerful the vacuum cleaner is, the larger and heavier the batteries that have to be used with it. Thus, battery power is mainly used in low-power vacuum cleaners, for which mobility is fundamentally more important than the disadvantages described above. These are all models of robots, as well as most handheld household and upright devices (including combined ones, see "product type"). However, there are exceptions to this rule: batteries can be found in some conventional vacuum cleaners, as well as in some advanced professional units (for workshop, construction, etc.).
Note that some major manufacturers, including power tools, use universal batteries in their equipment that are compatible with different types of devices. Cordless vacuum cleaners from such manufacturers can be designed specifically for such batteries and not even be equipped with them initially — so that the user himself can choose the most suitable power source.

— The cigarette lighter (12 V). Power supply from the car's standard cigarette lighter socket (or onboard socket using the same plug). Found exclusively in handheld household vacuum cleaners (see "Product type"), designed for cleaning the interior of a car and other related tasks (for example, putting things in order in the garage). Such units do not differ in power — this is due to the limitations characteristic of cigarette lighters. However, taking into account the specifics of the application, this moment cannot be called a disadvantage.

— Battery and mains (230 V). Possibility of power supply from own battery and mains. Theoretically, this allows you to combine some of the advantages of both options and make the vacuum cleaner very versatile. So, if there are sockets, you can work from them, and if not, you can switch to the battery. In addition, a dead battery does not make such a vacuum cleaner completely useless — you can connect it to the mains and continue working, and in some models, the battery is even charged. On the other hand, such models turn out to be heavy (heavier than ordinary vacuums). And at a cost, they surpass even rechargeable devices with similar characteristics. Therefore, this option is extremely rare and is used mainly in a rather specific type of vacuum cleaners: some industrial models (including handheld ones), designed for increased mobility. Usually, the standard power supply for such units is the mains, and the battery is used as a backup option — for cleaning certain areas where the connection to the outlet is not available or difficult.

— Battery and cigarette lighter. Vacuum cleaners that can be powered both by a built-in battery and a car cigarette lighter. The features of these types of food are described above. All models from this category are handheld household units (see "product type"). Recall that vacuum cleaners powered by a cigarette lighter are, by definition, low-power, so it is technically easy to supplement such a vacuum cleaner with a built-in battery. And the advantage of such an addition is obvious — the user receives maximum freedom of movement during work. On the other hand, built-in batteries significantly affect the weight and cost, and the described features are rarely required in fact. Therefore, this variant of distribution did not receive.

Batteries in set

Features of the cordless vacuum cleaner regarding the presence of a removable battery.

— No battery. The complete absence of batteries in the delivery set. It is associated with certain troubles, but it also provides important advantages. Firstly, the model and number of purchased batteries can be chosen at your discretion, depending on your needs and low-cost. Secondly, a suitable battery may already be “in the household”, especially when you consider that some manufacturers produce universal batteries suitable for different types of power tools of the same brand. Thanks to all this, cordless vacuum cleaners without a battery are extremely popular in the industrial (construction) type.

— 1 battery. One detachable battery included. The main advantages of this configuration are low cost and the ability to use the vacuum cleaner immediately after unpacking. At the same time, when the charge is exhausted, you will inevitably have to take breaks for charging or still buy another battery.

— 2 batteries. The presence of a spare battery in the kit allows you to extend the time of work with the device. At the same time, the spare battery can be used simultaneously with another compatible device.

Battery platform

The name of the battery platform supported by the device. A single battery platform is used to combine various power tools of the same brand (drill, grinder, saw, etc.) into one product line. Devices on the same platform use interchangeable batteries and chargers. Thanks to this, there is no need to select a battery for each model of a power tool because one purchased as a spare battery can be used in various power tools, depending on the situation or as needed. Batteries of the same platform differ from each other except perhaps in capacity.

Battery voltage

The rated voltage of the battery used in the vacuum cleaner with the corresponding type of power supply (see above).

Initially, manufacturers select the characteristics of the battery (including voltage) in such a way that the vacuum cleaner can be guaranteed to deliver the power claimed in the specifications. Therefore, when choosing this indicator often does not play a decisive role. However, it can also be useful in such cases — for the most reliable comparison between models with different battery capacities in ampere-hours. See "Battery capacity" for details.

In addition, voltage data can be useful during operation — for example, to find a spare/replacement battery or a third-party charger.

Battery type

— Ni-Cd (nickel-cadmium). The oldest of the options found in modern vacuum cleaners. It features high reliability, resistance to temperature extremes and good charging speed even with high capacity. The main disadvantage of this type of battery is a memory effect — a decrease in battery capacity if it is charged without being completely discharged. In addition, Ni-Cd batteries are considered environmentally unsafe. However, they are still widely used because of their low cost and decent performance.

Ni-Mh (nickel-metal hydride). Further development and improvement of the nickel-cadmium batteries described above. While having the same basic advantages, Ni-Mh batteries are not affected by the memory effect and are safer to manufacture. Their disadvantages are the higher cost and somewhat shorter service life compared with the original Ni-Cd technology.

Li-Ion (lithium-ion). A type of battery originally developed for use in portable devices. However, with the development of Li-Ion technology, it has been applied to other industries. The main advantage of such batteries is their high capacity with small dimensions and weight. It is also worth noting that they are not subject to the memory effect and can charge quite quickly. On the other hand, this option is not without its drawbacks — it is, first of all, sensitive to too low or elevated temperatures and a high price.

— Li-P...ol (lithium polymer). An improved version of the lithium-ion technology described above allows even more compact yet high-capacity batteries. The reverse side of these advantages is higher cost and increased sensitivity to low temperatures. However, for batteries used in vacuum cleaners, the latter is not critical.

Battery capacity

The capacity of the battery installed in the vacuum cleaner.

Recall that batteries are used in all robots, as well as other types of vacuum cleaners for which mobility is important; see "Power supply" for details. As for battery capacity, theoretically, a larger battery allows you to work longer without recharging. However, there are nuances. Firstly, the actual battery life of the unit will also depend on its type, power and some features of the functionality. Secondly, the actual battery capacity is determined not only by this indicator but also by the voltage in volts. So if these batteries differ in voltage, you need to convert their capacity into watt-hours and use this data when comparing. These calculations are described in more detail in special sources.

In light of all this, only vacuum cleaners with similar specifications can be directly compared in terms of battery capacity. And it is best to evaluate the actual battery life by the directly claimed operating time.

Battery model

The model of a regular battery allows you to find out in more detail its specifications and helps you understand what devices it is compatible with and which one should be purchased in case of a replacement due to a malfunction or, if necessary, buy another similar one.

Compatible batteries

Battery models compatible with the vacuum cleaner. This information will be useful in cases where the batteries must be purchased separately, for example, if the tool does not come with a battery in the kit, if you need to supplement the original kit, or if the existing battery has failed.

Battery run time

The operating time of a battery-powered vacuum cleaner (see "Power supply") on a single battery charge.

Usually, the average operating time in normal mode is indicated here. Accordingly, in fact, the battery life of the vacuum cleaner may differ slightly from the claimed one, depending on the chosen application format. Nevertheless, the operating time indicated in the specifications is a fairly reliable indicator; it can be used both for a general assessment of battery life and for comparing the selected vacuum cleaner with other models.

Separately, we note that increasing battery life requires either the use of more capacious (and therefore more expensive and heavier) batteries or a decrease in engine power (and the efficiency of the unit as a whole). So it is worth looking specifically for a long working vacuum cleaner if these moments are outweighed by a long operating time.

Charging time

The time required to charge the cordless vacuum cleaner fully (see "Power supply").

Larger batteries tend to take longer to charge. On the other hand, modern batteries can use various solutions that speed up the process, so there is no strict dependence here.

Separately, we note that the speed of charging batteries is usually uneven: at first, the process is fast, then it gradually slows down. So if, for example, the specifications indicate a charging time of 2 hours, then charging from 0 to 50% will take a little less than an hour, and from 50% to 100% the remaining time.

Charge level indicator

The presence of an indicator in the vacuum cleaner that displays the current battery charge level. The design and functionality of such an indicator may be different. Often the simplest LED indicators are used, allowing only an approximate estimate of the remaining energy. Also, note that the charge level indicator may not be placed on the body of the vacuum cleaner but on the battery itself. Nevertheless, this feature anyway provides additional convenience, makes it easier to monitor the state of the battery and reduces the risk of being left with a dead battery at the wrong time.

USB charging

The USB charging allows you to charge the vacuum cleaner from a classic 5 V phone charger. A USB cable is included for this purpose, but the adapter itself will have to be taken from old stocks or purchased additionally. Anyway, nothing prevents you from charging your gadget from a power bank battery, laptop, PC, etc.

Charging station

A feature found in battery-powered vacuum cleaners — most robots, as well as some uprights (including handheld uprights) and handheld household models (see "Product type").

The charging station combines the functions of a charger and a storage device. Its specific design may be different. So, robots are equipped with a floor charging station, while most of these devices can remember the location of it and, if necessary, return to it on their own for recharging or at the end of the programme. In other types of vacuum cleaners, the charging station is usually made wall-mounted, and the vacuum cleaner is simply hung on it while connecting to a power source to charge the battery. And some of the wall attachments can also be used to charge the battery removed from the vacuum cleaner. However, we emphasize that traditional chargers that do not provide hanging on the wall and fixing the entire vacuum cleaner are not considered charging stations.

Anyway, we note that this function is almost standard for robots, but upright and handheld household vacuum cleaners equipped with a charging station are for the most part quite advanced and expensive devices.

Compatible bags (dust collectors)

Models of replacement bags and/or other containers for waste (see "Dust collector") with which the vacuum cleaner is compatible.

This moment does not affect the functionality of the vacuum cleaner itself. However, knowing the model of the dust collector makes it much easier to find a spare or replacement dust collector. At the same time, we note that compatible models of such containers may differ markedly in specifications from the ones in the box. For example, many fabric bag vacuum cleaners also accept disposable paper bags; and some units are initially equipped with a dust collector of one type. However, if desired, they allow you to buy and install a dust collector of another type (for example, replace the bag with an aquafilter).

Compatible HEPA filters

Models of HEPA filters that are suitable for installation in a vacuum cleaner.

This information is needed mainly to find new filters to replace clogged or worn ones. Theoretically, knowing the HEPA model you can find detailed data about it. However, such details are usually not required; information on the fine filter class is enough to select a vacuum cleaner.

Noise level

The noise level produced by the vacuum cleaner during operation. Usually, the value for normal operation at maximum engine power is indicated here. With less power, the loudness of the unit may be lower, but the key is precisely the maximum indicator.

Regarding specific numbers, keep in mind that the decibel used to measure the noise level is a non-linear quantity. Therefore, it is worth evaluating specific indicators using special comparative tables. In general, vacuum cleaners are quite noisy appliances; so in this case, models are considered quiet if this indicator does not exceed 65 dB — this is the level of a loud conversation between 2 – 3 people at a distance of 1 m. The quietest of these models give out only 40 dB — this is the average volume of a person’s speech in normal tones (and the minimum volume allowed for constant noise sources in living quarters during the day). For louder units, the comparison table looks like this:

66 – 70 dB — loud conversations between several groups of people at a distance of about 1 m;
71 – 75 dB — the volume of a cry or laughter in full voice at a distance of about 1 m;
76 – 80 dB — the volume of a mechanical alarm clock or the engine of an old truck;
more than 80 dB — a very high noise level, exceeding the level of a loud scr...eam; when working with a vacuum cleaner having such specifications for a long time, it is highly desirable to use hearing protection.

Also note that the noise level largely depends on the engine power, as well as some other features (for example, it is strongly affected by the presence of an aquafilter — see "Dust collector"). At the same time, there is no hard connection here, and units with a similar set of specifications can differ markedly in actual loudness. In such cases, when choosing here, it is worth proceeding from the fact that a quieter vacuum cleaner will be more comfortable to use. However, it will most likely cost noticeably more.

Tube type

The type of rigid tube supplied with the vacuum cleaner.

The most popular are telescopic tubes, extension tubes are much less common, and with some upright with handheld vacuum cleaners (see "Type"), tubes with a hinge are supplied in the kit (they are also "bendable" or "flex"). Here is a more detailed description of each option:

— Telescopic tube. Non-separable tube folded telescopically — by inserting one section into another. This option is the most convenient from the user's point of view. Firstly, such accessories are easy to unfold and fold — just press or slide the release key and pull or push the halves in the right direction. Secondly, many telescopic tubes are equipped with a mechanism that allows the structure to be unfolded incompletely. Thanks to this, you can adjust the length during the cleaning process (for example, reduce it to work in cramped conditions). Thirdly, the individual parts of such a tube can't be lost, which simplifies storage. The main disadvantage of this option is considered to be somewhat lower strength and reliability than that of extension tubes. However, this difference is noticeable only at high loads. Thus, telescopic tubes are very popular in conventional vacuum cleaners (see "Type"), but they are found in other types, including industrial (construction). The “telescope” cannot be found in only three types of vacuum cleaners: in robots (they do no...t use tubes), as well as, in industrial handheld units and fireplace models — they most often work only with a hose.

— Extension tubes. A tube consists of several parts connected during operation and disassembled for storage/transportation. Such designs are somewhat less convenient to use than telescopic ones, but they endure high loads much better and last longer. Thus, extension tubes are rarely used in conventional vacuum cleaners, but they are popular in professional units — industrial, workshop, etc.

— Bendable tube. A tube has a hinge in the middle and can bend at an upward angle. It is a rather specific option, used in some vacuum cleaners of the "upright with handheld" type. This design makes it much easier to clean with such a vacuum cleaner under sofas, beds, tables, etc. By bending the tube, you can effectively treat such places without lowering the vacuum cleaner body to the floor. On the other hand, the hinge significantly complicates the design and increases its cost, and far from all users, these disadvantages are outweighed by the mentioned ease of use. That is why this type of pipe is extremely rare.

LED lighting

The presence of light-emitting diode (LED) lighting in the design of the vacuum cleaner.

Such lighting is placed on the working nozzle or close to it and illuminates the area being processed by the vacuum cleaner. Its main purpose is to provide convenience when working in dark places, such as under sofas/beds, dark corners, etc. At the same time, the lighting can be useful in normal brightness lighting: it well reveals dust and debris on smooth surfaces like linoleum or laminate.

As for the LED lighting vacuum cleaners themselves, most of them belong to one or another type of upright ones (see "Type") — it is in such units that this function is technically easiest to implement. It is also found in some conventional and handheld household vacuum cleaners. However, there are a few such models on the market, and they are not cheap due to additional design features. For example, in a conventional vacuum cleaner, for the lighting to work, not only a tube is required, but also a hose of a special design — with wiring to supply power to the LEDs.

Display

The presence of its own display in the design of the vacuum cleaner.

Most often, rather simple monochrome screens are used as built-in displays. However, even such screens significantly increase usability. They can display quite a variety of information about the operation of the unit: power level, involved programmes and special functions, the fullness of the dust collector, battery charge (with battery power), current time, error messages, and schedule settings for robots, etc.

Nozzle compartment

The presence in the vacuum cleaner of a special device for storing nozzles and sometimes other accessories.

Such a device can be either a compartment in the case or a set of external fasteners; the latter, in particular, is quite common in industrial vacuum cleaners (see "Type"). Anyway, the attachment compartment makes it much easier to store and transport various accessories: they are not scattered or lost, and you do not need to look for a separate package for them. However, such a compartment is often not intended for all nozzles and accessories but only for the smallest ones. However, even in such cases, it makes life much easier for the user. The disadvantages of such equipment include the fact that it inevitably affects the dimensions of the case. However, in full-size vacuum cleaners — conventional, industrial, for workshop (see "Type") — this disadvantage is often not important.

Built-in socket

Built-in socket on the body of the vacuum cleaner, actually turning it into an extension cord. This function is found mainly in industrial models and is intended primarily for power tools. Recall that many modern tools (drills, grinders, etc.) allow you to connect a vacuum cleaner hose to them to remove chips and other contaminants that occur during operation. It is often more convenient to connect the tool not directly to the mains but through a socket on the vacuum cleaner body.

Power cord rewind

System of automatic winding of a power cord. Usually, it is a special spool built into the body of the vacuum cleaner. To unwind a wire from such a spool, just pull it, and to rewind it, you need to press the button — and the built-in spring will twist the coil in the opposite direction, winding the cable around it.

The main advantage of the cord rewind system is obvious: it allows you to easily and quickly roll up the cable for storage and transport. In addition, in many vacuum cleaners with this function, the wire can be partially unwound, choosing its optimal length depending on the situation. The disadvantages of automatic cord rewind include some bulkiness and poor suitability for portable units. Such equipment nowadays can only be found among "full-size" vacuum cleaners — conventional (see "Type"), workshop and industrial.

Cord length

The length of the power cord that is equipped with a vacuum cleaner powered by an outlet.

Here we note that manufacturers select the specific length of the cord depending on the general purpose of the unit. In general, the length of 4 – 5 m and less can be called small, 5 – 6 m — medium, 6 – 7 m and 7 – 8 m — more than average, and in some models this figure is more than 8 m. However, a lot depends on the specifics of the vacuum cleaner. For example, among conventional units there are many models with a 4-5 m wire (this is enough for cleaning on the scale of an apartment, a private house or a small office space), but for industrial solutions this is a very limited indicator.

Keep in mind that a longer power cord is not always more convenient. On the one hand, it provides more freedom when working. On the other hand, it can create inconvenience at a short distance from the outlet as well as during storage/transportation. In addition, you can use an extension cord to work away from the outlet. So when choosing, you need to take into account the specific needs of the use of a vacuum cleaner. Detailed recommendations for different situations can be found in special sources.
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