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Gaming Consoles 

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12.2022
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Gaming Consoles: specifications, types

Platform

The platform or set of platforms supported by the set-top box.

A platform can be described as a basic set of software and hardware that makes games work. Such sets significantly differ in the set of characteristics and, usually, are incompatible with each other. Therefore, any "platform" game is necessarily released for a specific platform (or in several versions for different ones), and for its normal operation it is necessary that the console supports this platform.

Most modern platforms were created by large companies, and their names are directly related to the brands of set-top boxes of these companies: for example, Sony has a PlayStation, Microsoft has an Xbox, etc. Note that one platform can describe several types and generations of game consoles; see details below in the descriptions of the individual items.

The most popular options today:

— Play station. Developed by Sony. Includes multiple generations of PlayStation desktop consoles, as well as portable consoles (see Form Factor) such as the PS Portable and PS Vita. Later desktop models are compatible with games from previous generations (with rare exceptions), and portable consoles can also run games from early desktop PlayStations. Supports the PS Move controller, which works on the principle of motion tracking.

— Xbox. Platform created by Microsoft. Includes only desktop models, is charact...erized by a fairly powerful hardware. One of the interesting features is the original Kinect controller, which is a camera to track the user's movements and control the game through these movements.

Nintendo. A platform developed by the company of the same name. Within this family, three directions of consoles can be distinguished: desktop Wii, portable DS and combined Switch. One of the most striking features of this platform is that when developing new consoles, Nintendo pays attention not so much to increasing hardware power as to introducing original technical solutions. Thus, the Wii became the first set-top box on the market to use motion controllers (see "Packages"). The DS family is feature-packed, and some of these consoles are even capable of displaying a 3D image that is visible without special glasses. The Switch is the first full-fledged hybrid set-top box that natively allows for both portable and desktop use (see Form Factor for details).

Android. Unlike all the above names, Android is not a gaming platform, but a full-fledged operating system designed for various mobile devices (primarily smartphones and tablets). Its key difference from the actual platforms is the extensive possibilities for installing additional applications, among which the actual games are just one of many categories (and far from being the main one). Most Android models are gaming tablets (see "Form Factor").

It is worth noting that technical support of one set-top box for several platforms is not excluded. In addition, this list is not exhaustive, there may be other options on the market — most often the original eight- and sixteen-bit platforms.

Form factor

Desktop. Models of this form factor gave the name to the entire class of game consoles. They are "prefixes" in the original, literal sense of the word, because cannot be used on its own and require connection to an external screen when used. A TV usually acts as such a screen, but it can also be a monitor, plasma panel, etc. Desktop attachments, by definition, are designed to be installed permanently in one location. This freed manufacturers from the size restrictions inherent in portable versions (see below), and made it possible to create very powerful devices comparable in performance to classic PCs; desktop models are by far the most advanced. Such consoles can be connected to multiple controllers for simultaneous play, they can support multi-channel audio, high-definition video, 3D games (see below), and the most advanced devices have their own hard drives, a set of network functions, etc.

Portable. Standalone game console. In fact, they are not set-top boxes as such, but independent devices that have everything necessary for video games: their own display, controls, and in some cases support for removable media. Powered by its own batteries or rechargeable battery, which allows you to use portable set-top boxes in almost any environment — on the road, in nature, etc. At the same time, some models have the function of connecting to a TV (usually via the AV Multi Out connector, see "Connectors").... The most advanced devices of this type are close in functionality to tablets and smartphones: they can have Wi-Fi support with a built-in browser, a player function, a touch screen, a GPS module, a 3G modem, etc.

Game tablet. A peculiar kind of portable models (see above). The main distinguishing feature of gaming tablets is the presence of a full-fledged operating system on board (for example, Android, see above). This greatly expands their capabilities compared to conventional portable set-top boxes, turning, in fact, into a hybrid of a console and a tablet. Also, along with the usual set-top box controls such as buttons and levers, the design usually provides for a touch screen.

Portable / desktop. Prefixes that can be used in two formats. See above for details on each option; and their combination in one device allows you to choose the method of application, depending on what is now more convenient. So, on the road you can have fun playing games on a portable console, and at home you can connect the device to a TV and transfer the game to the big screen. At the same time, we note that some desktop set-top boxes may provide separate "portable" features — for example, broadcasting an image to the controller's display and using it in a similar way to a portable console. However, such models are not included in this category, only set-top boxes that can fully operate in both modes and for which a portable device does not depend on a stationary unit are considered “portable / desktop”. An example of such a device is the Nintendo Switch, which comes with a dual controller, a tablet, and a docking station (stationary unit). In portable mode, a tablet plays the role of a screen, and in desktop mode, it is installed in a dock that works as an adapter for connecting to a TV.

Release year

The official release year of the game console. Usually, it is indicated by the date of official sale. This information allows you to determine the "age" of the device — and, accordingly, its functionality (to some extent), including within its own platform. So, for example, the difference between the Xbox One S and Xbox One X in terms of name is not particularly obvious; but knowing that the first was released in 2016, and the second — in 2017, you can definitely determine which model will be newer and more advanced. Accordingly , the novelties of 2020 and 2019 will be even better.

In box

Additional items supplied in the kit in addition to the actual console. Joysticks are not taken into account in this category — their availability and quantity are indicated separately (see below).

Game included. A game (or several games at once) for the console — usually on a separate medium like a DVD, but other options may be provided (for example, a license key for downloading the official version). The specific games supplied in the kit, even for the same model, may be different, this point needs to be specified separately. However, anyway, complete games have common features: they are initially optimized for this console, and often they are designed to demonstrate to the user all the advanced features of the device (for example, control using the motion controller described below or VR glasses). The cost of the game is included in the price of the bundle, but it is usually much cheaper than the same game sold separately.

Motion controller. A game controller that allows you to control the gameplay not by pressing buttons and deflecting levers, but by the movements of the user. This allows you to play many games using the same movements as in the real world — for example, by waving your hand while holding the controller in it, imitating a bowling ball throw or hitting a tennis racquet. The design and principle of operation of such devices may be different. So, the controller for...the Nintendo Wii is held in the hand or in a special adapter (for example, imitating a pistol or rifle). Microsoft Kinect is a camera that monitors the position of the player's body and controls the game accordingly. The PlayStation Move from Sony works in a similar way — only, in addition to the camera, it uses an external manipulator with a bright marker ball. Anyway, the motion controller is able to significantly diversify the gameplay. It is best to purchase it immediately with a prefix — it is at least easier and faster, and often cheaper.

Digital camera. Digital camera features vary by console form factor (see above). So, in portable models, it usually represents a “peephole” located above the screen or on the back side; sometimes there are two cameras at once. In games, such equipment can be used, in particular, to recognize a player by face, to work with augmented reality technologies, to automatically adjust the 3D screen to the position of the user's head, etc. In addition, many portable consoles with this function also allow “non-gaming” options for using the camera — in the same way as it is done on a smartphone or tablet: for video communication, broadcasting on the Web, shooting photos and videos, etc. The specific functionality in both cases may be different. As for desktop models, here the digital camera is usually implemented as a separate device and is most often used to operate a motion controller (see above) or virtual reality technologies (see below). At the same time, we note that Microsoft Kinect is not considered a digital camera — it is a full-featured motion controller that works without additional equipment. But the camera used in the PlayStation consoles only works with the PS Move controller and the PS VR system, so it belongs to this category.

VR headset. A helmet or virtual reality glasses is an accessory that enhances the effect of immersion in the game. Wearing such a helmet, the user can turn and tilt his head, examining the virtual space as if he were looking at it in the real world — the sensor system changes the image in front of the eyes accordingly. Thus, the maximum "presence effect" is achieved, and the gameplay becomes more diverse and interesting. For example, in racing or a flight simulator, it is convenient to control the environment with the help of a helmet, and in shooters and “roaming games” it may even be possible to look around the corner with your head stretched out. Models bundled with VR accessories can be sold without them, but the console and headset set is usually cheaper than the headset and set-top box separately (not to mention the fact that buying everything at once is more convenient and faster). Note that a VR headset may require a digital camera (in particular, this is the system used in PlayStation consoles); in such cases, if there is no camera "on the farm", it would be useful to clarify its presence in the kit.

In addition to those described above, other optional accessories may be included in the package.

Gamepads included

The number of gamepads supplied with the console.

Recall that the gamepad is a game manipulator in the form of a small remote control with buttons, levers and other controls. Such devices are used as standard controllers in most desktop consoles (see "Form Factor"). And the number of gamepads corresponds to the number of players who can simultaneously use the console. Most often, there is only one controller in the kit, but many models come with 2 gamepads at once — based on multiplayer for two players, for example, football, fighting or cooperative shooting.

Please note that some models may have specific gamepad counting rules. So, for the Nintendo Switch (see "Form factor — portable / desktop"), a pair of controllers, which in desktop mode is combined into one manipulator, is still considered exactly two gamepads.

Screen size

The diagonal of the set-top box's own display. The display is by definition found in handheld models and game pads (see Form Factor); in desktop models, this element of equipment is quite rare and is usually installed not in the set-top box itself, but on standard controllers (which sometimes can even work as separate devices).

The larger the display size, the larger, respectively, the overall size of the image that the user sees on the screen. However, it is worth considering 2 points. Firstly, an increase in the display size has a corresponding effect on the dimensions of the set-top box itself, and therefore even in advanced tablets it does not exceed 7". Secondly, the image quality depends not only on the size of the display, but also on its resolution (see below). Moreover, at the same resolution, the picture on a larger screen will be less clear and more "grainy" due to the larger pixel size.

Resolution

Set-top box native display resolution. This parameter largely determines the quality of the image: the higher the resolution (with the same diagonal) — the more even and smoothed the “picture” will be, the less noticeable will be the individual points that make up it. Here, however, it must be borne in mind that the corresponding graphics resolution should be provided for in the games themselves. Ideally, it should match the display values — otherwise the image will look either too rough, "grainy" (if the game resolution is less than that of the screen), or small and cloudy (if the game resolution is higher). However, most platforms for portable models have certain requirements for screens, and manufacturers, even unofficial ones, usually try to follow them.

Touch screen

The presence in the design of the set-top box of a screen that is sensitive to touch — like those used in modern smartphones and tablets; in fact, gaming tablets (see "Form factor") are equipped with such screens by definition. The touch display significantly expands the control possibilities — in some games it is most convenient to control the process with the help of touches on the screen, and in general, as a controller, it is quite universal. In addition, this function can be very useful when using additional, non-gaming features (for example, while surfing the web).

Features

DVD/Blu-ray drive. Drive for reading optical discs. This feature is typical mainly for desktop set-top boxes (see "Form factor"); they at least support DVD, but many models are capable of working with Blu-ray. However, there are also portable consoles that support optical discs — full-size DVD / Blu-ray are too bulky for them, so specific formats are usually used in such cases (such as UMD in some PlayStation Portable models). Discs are most often used as media for games, although some models may also provide the ability to play audio and video (that is, in fact, use the set-top box as a media centre).

HDR support. The ability to output a desktop video signal with the so-called extended dynamic range. In such an image, firstly, the colour depth increases (in other words, more different shades are displayed), and secondly, the contrast is enhanced — light areas look brighter, and dark areas look darker. This improves colour quality, makes the image more realistic and enhances the impression of depth, the picture is perceived as less flat. However you need to keep in mind that to fully use this function, you will also need a TV or other HDR-enabled screen — otherwise, all the advantages of this technology will be nullified by the limitations in the functionality of the screen itself. Also note that HDR technology has several formats (for example, HDR10 and HDR Dolby Vision), and not all of them ar...e compatible with each other. Therefore, to use this feature, you should make sure that the set-top box and TV are compatible with HDR standards.

UltraHD (4K) support. The ability to work set-top box with the image standard 4K. The standard resolution of such an image is 3840x2160, which is 4 times higher than Full HD in terms of the number of pixels. This feature is mainly found in set-top boxes and allows you to output 4K video to a TV or other external device. Thus, you can get a very high quality, detailed image. However, note that in order to fully view such an image, it must be supported not only by the console, but also by the screen to which it is connected — otherwise all the advantages of ultra-high resolution will be nullified. Also note that not all modern games and other content are available in 4K (although, of course, nothing prevents you from playing videos of lower resolutions on the set-top box).

— Support for video services. Ability to work set-top boxes with various network video services. Usually, pre-installed client programs are responsible for this function, which makes it easy to search and play various content on the Internet. Among the video services supported by modern set-top boxes, there are, in particular, YouTube (the most famous and largest network video site), Netflix (one of the largest producers of TV series distributed over the Internet), Amazon Video (provider of TV series and films on demand) and others. . Note that access to content may be paid and have regional restrictions.

dVD/Blu-ray drive

The presence in the design of the prefix drive for reading optical discs. Note that the name DVD/Blu-ray in this case is arbitrary, because. the list of disk types used in modern consoles is not limited to these formats. So, almost all such drives of desktop consoles are capable of working from CD (however, only special "branded" discs can be supported), and portable versions of the PlayStation (see "Platform") use UMD format discs that are small in size. Therefore, before buying, it is worth clarifying exactly which formats the selected console supports — especially if you buy a set-top box already having a certain collection of games on disks.

Communications

— LAN (Local Area Network). The most common and in fact the dominant interface today for wired connection of various electronic devices to computer networks. Allows you to work with local resources, as well as access the Internet. In the case of game consoles, such a connection can be used for network games, for working with specialized gaming services, cloud storage, firmware updates, and even for full-fledged web surfing and/or playing music and videos from local resources or Internet sites; specific network capabilities in different models are different. Note that the LAN interface is installed exclusively in desktop consoles (see "Form factor") — it is poorly suited for portable ones for a number of reasons.

— Wi-Fi 4 (802.11n). Game consoles use Wi-Fi wireless technology primarily to access the Internet. The ways of using such a connection can be different: multiplayer games, access to branded gaming services, social networks, full-fledged web surfing, updating games or firmware, etc. This method of connection is more convenient than wired, because it eliminates the hassle with cables; and for portable models (see "Form factor"), it is actually the only possible one. Specifically, the Wi-Fi 4 (802.11n) standard provides data transfer rates up to 300 Mbps and uses two bands — 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz. The latter ensures compatibility with both earlier (Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g) and later (Wi-Fi 5) standards. And the mentioned speed is consider...ed relatively low, but for most tasks it is more than enough.

— Wi-Fi 5 (802.11ac). Further, after the Wi-Fi 4 described above, the development of Wi-Fi technology. It uses the 5 GHz band and gives a data transfer rate of more than 1 Gb / s (in the future — up to 6 Gb / s). This speed not only simplifies the transfer of large amounts of data (for example, downloading games or updates to them), but also reduces lag in online games. For compatibility with older Wi-Fi standards using the 2.4GHz band, Wi-Fi 4 may also be supported in addition to Wi-Fi 5.

— Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax). The latest version for 2020 uses the ranges from 1 to 7 GHz — that is, it is capable of operating at standard frequencies of 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz (including with equipment of earlier standards), and in other frequency bands. The maximum data transfer rate increased to 10 Gb / s, however, the main advantage of Wi-Fi 6 was not even this, but further optimization of the simultaneous operation of several devices on the same channel (improvement of the technical solutions used in Wi-Fi 5 and WiGig). Thanks to this, Wi-Fi 6 gives the smallest speed drop among modern standards when the channel is loaded.

— Bluetooth. Wireless interface designed for direct connection between various devices; very versatile and can be used for a variety of purposes. In game consoles, use cases for Bluetooth include connecting wireless controllers, headphones and headsets, and sharing files with other gadgets (such as a laptop or tablet); the specific capabilities of this interface are different in different models. Bluetooth uses the radio range and has a range of about 10 m, while it can maintain a connection even through walls (except that the range in this case is reduced).

— NFC. NFC (Near Field Communication) is a wireless communication technology with a short range, of the order of several centimeters. Potentially, it has quite extensive capabilities, but today it is most often used as an auxiliary tool when connecting via Wi-Fi or Bluetooth. If both connected devices have an NFC, instead of searching, connecting, authorizing and other actions, it is enough to bring these devices to each other and accept the connection. The vast majority of game consoles with an NFC are portable (see Form Factor).

Connectors

mini-Jack (3.5 mm). General purpose connector, most commonly used as an analogue audio output. Simply put, in set-top boxes, such an interface is usually designed to connect headphones, speakers and other external audio accessories — a lot of such devices use a 3.5 mm plug, and there are corresponding adapters for other interfaces. At the same time, the specific functionality of the mini-Jack connector may be different. So, in some models it works only as an output, in others it can be used to connect a headset with a microphone or even a separate microphone. In addition, this connector can be combined with an optical S / P-DIF output (for more details, see "Additional").

— miniHDMI. A smaller version of the HDMI interface detailed below. It is installed in portable consoles and game pads (see "Form factor"), does not differ from the full-size version, except for the dimensions of the connector, and is used for the same purpose — to connect to a TV or other screen and transmit video and audio signals.

HDMI. A digital interface that allows you to simultaneously transmit high-definition video and multi-channel audio up to 7.1 over a single cable (in addition, in high quality and with a minimum of interference). It is one of the most common in modern video technology, the vast majority of TVs and monitors have at least one HDMI input. At the same time, for working with resolutions from...HD (1280x720) and higher, this connection interface is considered optimal today. Therefore, the presence of HDMI is almost mandatory for desktop consoles with support for high-definition video (portable models do not use a full-size connector due to their relatively large dimensions).

microUSB. A reduced (actually, the smallest to date) version of the USB interface, widely used in computer technology for connecting external devices; completely identical to the full-size version, except for the shape and dimensions of the connector. Appeared due to the fact that the original USB connector has rather large dimensions, poorly suitable for pocket-sized equipment; accordingly, among consoles it is usually found in portable models and gaming tablets (see "Form factor"). The microUSB connection is designed for the set-top box to work as a connected device, slave (for more details, see "USB 2.0"). With it, you can, for example, download new games to your device or update the firmware.

— micro USB (MHL). Connector that combines the capabilities of microUSB and HDMI (see above). It is completely identical in shape and size to microUSB, it is also compatible with a conventional USB interface and provides the same features; however, MHL can also be used for high-definition video and multi-channel audio. Such a transfer is provided through a simple adapter cable with a microUSB plug on one end and HDMI on the other; with this connection, the set-top box battery can even be recharged. MHL was created as a mobile standard and it is used, respectively, in portable models (see "Form factor"). It eliminates the need for manufacturers to provide a separate miniHDMI output for video output, which has a positive effect on compactness. However for normal operation in video transmission mode, it is necessary that the TV or other external screen also has MHL certification; however, in extreme cases, the situation can be corrected with a simple adapter.

USB C. A kind of USB connector, positioned simultaneously as a replacement for full-size USB and for compact microUSB. It is comparable in size to microUSB, which is why it is found mainly in portable and hybrid consoles (see "Form factor"). One of the features of this interface is a two-way connector that can be inserted into the socket by either side (unlike previous types of USB connector). In terms of purpose, USB C is in most cases similar to microUSB; and in terms of data transfer speed and other characteristics, it usually corresponds to USB 3.0 or 3.1 (see below).

USB 2.0

The number of full-size USB 2.0 ports in the design of the set-top box.

USB is a universal interface widely used in computer technology for various peripheral devices. Full-sized USB ports, including this version, are used to connect additional equipment to set-top boxes — primarily external drives and wired game controllers. Since these ports (of all versions) are quite large, they are found exclusively in desktop consoles (see "Form Factor"). Specifically, USB 2.0 provides data transfer rates up to 480 Mbps; due to the advent of more advanced USB 3.0 and 3.1 standards (see below), it is considered obsolete and is gradually disappearing from game consoles. At the same time, peripheral devices for newer USB versions can be connected to this connector — different standards for a full-size plug are mutually compatible with each other. However it is necessary that there is enough power supply — but in version 2.0 it is relatively low.

USB 3.2 gen1

The number of full-size USB 3.2 gen1(formerly USB 3.1 gen1 and USB 3.0) ports in the set-top box.

This standard differs from the USB 2.0 described above by an increased maximum data transfer rate of up to 4.8 Gb / s, as well as a greater power supplied to the power connector; otherwise, both versions are almost identical and fully compatible with each other.

USB 3.2 gen2

The number of full-sized USB ports in the design of the set-top box that support the USB 3.2 gen2 standard(earlier marking was USB 3.1 gen2 and USB 3.1). This standard has a connection speed of up to 10 Gbps.

Additional

Additional connectors provided in the design of the set-top box in addition to those described above. A set of such connectors may include, in particular:

— Proprietary ports for wired gamepads and other controllers.
— IR (IR) inputs and outputs to work with various wireless accessories.
— Digital audio outputs for multi-channel audio. The most popular standard for such outputs is S / P-DIF, it has two varieties — optical and coaxial. The optical output can be separate or combined with the Mini-Jack 3.5 mm output (see "Connectors"); its advantage is the insensitivity of the cable to electrical interference, but the cable itself is quite fragile and requires delicate handling. Coaxial (electrical) connections are not as sensitive, but are more prone to interference.
— Analogue audio and video outputs (AUX, composite, component) — these connectors can be useful for connecting outdated video equipment.

CPU

The model of the processor installed in the game console.

The processor is the main computing module of the device; the capabilities of the set-top box as a whole largely depend on its characteristics. However, it is worth noting that information about its model in game consoles is usually of a general reference and promotional nature. The fact is that set-top boxes are usually designed for a specific platform, and this implies certain requirements for the power of the hardware so that the corresponding games work normally. Of course, knowing the name, you can find more detailed information — characteristics, test results, reviews, reviews, etc. — and make the most clear impression of the capabilities of the processor; however, unless you plan to use the prefix in non-standard roles, this information is unlikely to be of real practical value. The only exception is gaming tablets (see "Form Factor"): since they are very versatile and can be equipped with a variety of programs, processor data can be useful in assessing how fast an application will run.

Note that advanced desktop set-top boxes can have multiple processors.

Video accelerator

The presence of a video accelerator in the design of the game console.

A video accelerator is a separate module responsible exclusively for working with graphics. Due to specialization, the processing of the “picture” by the video accelerator is more efficient than using the main processor. In addition, part of the load is removed from the latter in this way — often quite significant, given the "heavy" graphics of modern games. This feature can also be useful in additional tasks — for example, when watching high-definition video.

In general, the characteristics of video accelerators can vary significantly in consoles of different platforms (see above) and generations; however, the presence of this element, usually, indicates advanced graphical capabilities.

Graphics card performance

The performance of the graphics card installed in the game console.

Performance is measured in FLOPS, the number of floating point math operations that a graphics card processor can perform in one second. Game consoles traditionally use teraflops, or trillions of operations per second.

Theoretically, higher performance means a more advanced graphics card and corresponding graphics quality. However, in fact, this parameter is often given more for promotional purposes than to describe the actual capabilities of the console. The fact is that the quality of game graphics depends not only on the capabilities of the graphics card, but also on other factors — including the general characteristics of the set-top box (processor, memory, etc.), as well as how well the games are optimized for this platform . Therefore, models similar to each other in this indicator may differ markedly in the actual video capabilities. Moreover, a relatively modest graphics card can also outperform a more performant counterpart. For example, Microsoft's Xbox One S, which has a "only" 1.4 TFLOPS video accelerator, supports 4K resolution and HDR (see "Features"), while its peer PS 4 Slim with a 1.84 TFLOPS graphics card TFLOPS does not have such capabilities. Therefore, it makes sense to compare video performance only on consoles that differ significantly in digital indicators.

RAM

The amount of RAM installed on board the console.

RAM is one of the main components of computer systems (which are all game consoles). Performance significantly depends on its volume: the more memory (ceteris paribus), the higher the speed, usually, and the better the system handles with resource-intensive tasks. On the other hand, in game consoles, RAM is installed in such a way that it is guaranteed to correspond to the claimed platform, so it makes sense to pay close attention to this parameter only in gaming tablets. This moment is described in more detail above in the “Processor” paragraph.

Internal storage

The volume of the set-top box's own built-in storage (see "Storage"). The larger this volume, the more information can fit directly in the device, the less often you have to clean the storage. It is worth noting that the same model of a desktop set-top box can be produced with different volumes ( 500 GB, 1 TB and 2 TB). For portable set-top boxes, much less volume is available — up to 250 GB

Memory card slot

The presence in the design of the console slot for memory cards. The specific purpose of these cards may be different. In some models (mostly portable, see "Form Factor") they serve as an addition to their own built-in storage, and sometimes they are the only way to store a variety of information; in others, they are intended only for recording saved games. In addition, the formats of the cards used also vary; most commonly used today are SD and microSD, and the PlayStation platform (see above) works with the proprietary MemoryStick format.

In addition to expanding its own memory, removable cards can also be used to exchange information with other devices: for example, you can write new games to the card through a laptop card reader, and then install it in the console.

Battery capacity

The capacity of the standard battery of a portable set-top box or game pad (see "Form factor"). Theoretically, the higher the capacity, the more energy the battery can store and the longer the device will last on a single charge. However, in fact, battery life is determined by a wide range of other factors, ranging from diagonal and display type to supported games. Therefore, the battery capacity is more of a reference value and is rather weakly related to specific indicators of battery life — it is better to clarify them according to official characteristics (or other sources, for example, user reviews).
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