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Kitchen Sinks: specifications, types
The standard way to mount the sink. Some models allow multiple ways to install, at the user’s choice. The specific options may be:
— Inline consignment note. Models fitted in the slot of the worktop in such a way that the side of the sink is significantly above the surface of the worktop. The method of installation is quite simple, but the side raised above the table is in some cases inconvenient.
— Embedded back. Models installed in the slot of the worktop so that the side of the sink is at the level of the worktop. Popular due to the ease of installation and convenience in cleaning: if necessary, water and other contaminants can be «driven» by a cloth from the table top directly to the sink. It is true that there is a small gap between the countertop and the sink where pollution can accumulate; but this disadvantage is compensated by the ease of installation.
— Below the table top. Models fixed at the bottom of the countertop - so that the role of the sides actually play the edges of the hole cut under the sink. This method is convenient for maximum convenience in cleaning: from the kitchen table you can easily wipe into the sink spilled liquid or small debris like crumbs, while the contamination will not accumulate in the gap between the sink and the table top (As opposed to butt mounting, see corresponding paragraph. ). At the...same time, the installation of such shells by itself is quite difficult.
— Tabletop module. Quite specific installation method: the sink is installed on the floor top, replacing the table top. For such an installation, it is necessary that the box accurately corresponds to the sink in size, so this option is quite rare.
— Stainless steel. The most popular material for modern kitchen sinks. «Stainless Steel» is excellent against corrosion; in addition, it is very durable and reliable, tolerates heating (you can put a hot pan), hygienic (has no pores and does not absorb contaminants) and is relatively inexpensive. The drawbacks include a high level of noise when water falls and a tendency to stains.
— Artificial stone. Artificial stone is characterized by high strength, while being an absolutely ecological and hygienic material. It does not fade into the sun, has excellent antibacterial properties, is reliable, durable and at the same time smooth and pleasant to the touch. As a rule, the base is granite, quartz or
— Granite Composite. In this case, it is not natural granite, but a composite material based on granite crumb with plastic filler. Such sinks are well absorbed by the noise of falling water, excellent resistance to pollution and easy to clean, in addition have a pleasant appearance and can be performed in the most varied design (under different types and colors of st...one). But poorly tolerated by high temperatures and have a significant weight - in some models up to 50 kg. Similar manufacturing principle and dignity in sinks of marble composite, where only instead of granite chips used marble. A little different from them sinks made of quartz composite (see more. below).
— Ceramic composite. Ceramic sinks are most often made of Sanfayans or Sanfayans. The first material is more affordable, but has a porous structure, because of what tends to absorb not removed in time of contamination, and to remove them is quite difficult; Sanporcelain, in turn, is better to resist pollution, but more expensive. Common features of ceramic materials are, on the one hand, pleasant appearance, on the other - fragility and sensitivity to strong impacts (from such a blow the sink may crack). Also note that the ceramic shells are quite massive, but this moment can be considered as a disadvantage and as a virtue - a large weight reduces the probability of moving the installed product from the place, accidentally hitting.
— Quartz composite. The washing is based on technical quartz produced by sintering quartz sand and binder polymers in a proportion of 80% and 20%. Technical quartz is above all characterised by the highest strength characteristics and is almost completely immune to cracks and chipping. The surface of quartz kitchen sinks has no pores and microfractures, so it does not absorb odors and does not accumulate pathogenic microflora. Additionally, technical quartz exhibits inert properties to cleaning chemicals, vinegar and any other caustic substances. This material does not leave stains from wine and food coloring.
— Copper. Design material found mainly among sinks in the style of «retro» and other unusual design. It has a characteristic yellowish or reddish surface tone, giving the shell an unusual and stylish appearance. In terms of practical properties, this material is similar to stainless steel (see corresponding paragraph. of): in particular, it is durable, reliable and good resistance to corrosion and high temperatures. On the other hand, in the absence of obvious advantages, copper is much more expensive, and therefore it is worth paying attention to this option only if you are looking for a design model with a characteristic appearance.
— Brass. Another designer material similar to the copper described above. It has similar properties and differs only in appearance: the standard color of brass alloy is yellow. However, it is very rarely used for a number of reasons. —Glass. In this case, the combination of glass with stainless steel (see above). Pure glass in kitchen sinks is practically not used due to fragility. Glass is usually the top of the sink (side and wing, if it is present), and of steel - the bowl itself. The glass itself is usually tinted to ensure an attractive appearance. It is worth noting that the cost of such sinks is very high, so most glass models belong to the design solutions designed for the kitchen in the original design. However, their practical characteristics are also more than decent.
The thickness of the material used for washing.
More "thick" models, on the one hand, provide strength and reliability, on the other hand, they differ significantly in weight and cost of the product. And accordingly, for each material, its own standards in thickness are applied.
So for steel, the values start from 0.6 mm, and in the most "heavy" models, this indicator reaches a thickness of 1.5 mm. The most common value (golden mean) is a thickness of 0.8 mm, there are also thicknesses of 1 mm and kitchen sinks of 1.2 mm
The general shape of the sink. Note that this parameter is not indicated by the shape of the bowl, but by the shape of the product as a whole (although often these moments coincide).
In addition to the classical forms (rectangular, square, >>> roundnon-standard design, which can have very unusual outlines. These sinks should pay attention to those who try to decorate the kitchen in an unusual style.
The number of main bowls provided in the product design.
The simplest variant of the design is 1 main bowl - a traditional, familiar to many variants of kitchen sinks. In addition, models are available with two main bowls - the same or almost the same size. This design provides additional features: for example, one bowl can be filled with soapy water and put dirty dishes there to «decompose» dried dirt, and in the second bowl - rinse dishes that have been in soap solution. On the other hand, it should be borne in mind that sinks on 2 bowls are more cumbersome and expensive than single bowls.
Separately, we note that there are sinks in which the main bowl is supplemented by an auxiliary capacity of much smaller sizes. Such a container is intended for defrosting (see below) and is not the main bowl, so such products in our catalog are one-cup.
Position of the washing bowl relative to the entire body of the product.
The standard, most traditional variants are placement left, right or center (if viewed from the user’s point of view). Some models are available in both left and right layouts; they are marked in our catalogue as «left/right». There are also t. n. reversible sinks: they have a symmetrical shape and can be installed both left-handed and right-handed, at the user’s choice.
The choice for this parameter depends primarily on the layout of the kitchen and how it is necessary to fit the sink.
The presence of a separate additional bowl.
Such a capacity has the form of a small additional bowl (approximately half the main). It can be useful not only for thawing, but also for other tasks - for example, washing fruit or washing pasta through a complete colander (see «Extra»). The convenience of this function is that when using the container - the main bowl remains free and can be used for other purposes: for example, nothing prevents washing the dishes in it.
Dish drying (wing)
Flat surface, located next to the bowl sink. According to the name, can be used for drying utensils (to make it leak water), but this is not limited: on the wing can be put, for example, freshly washed fruits and vegetables, or a thawed product. some sinks are available without wing.
The presence in the sink of a separate container or a slight depression (a few cm) for thawing and storage of wet products. Characterized by the presence of a drain hole and predominantly compact dimensions, which makes it impossible to use the thawing compartment as an additional bowl.
Availability of space in the sink for the installation of the mixer. This hole can be cut in advance or, if necessary, knocked out during installation (the corresponding place on the model already exists and is made of a softer material).
Tap hole diameter
The diameter of hole required for tap mount. This size makes it possible to understand the size of the tap to be selected, the size of the additional parts to be fitted and whether the opening for an existing faucet has to be extended or narrowed.
— Detergent (colander). The colander (colander) supplied with the sink is usually a mesh or hole bottom tray through which water can freely pass. Such a tray can be used in the same way as a common colander - for washing cereals and ready-made pasta, for washing and drying fruit, vegetables and greenery, etc.
Cutting board. Availability of cutting board in the product delivery kit. Such a board, when used, is usually attached directly to the sink; this may be especially relevant in cramped conditions where there is not much space on the kitchen table.
— Automatic valve. Device that facilitates filling the sink with water and draining this water. It consists of the valve itself, which closes the drain opening, and an exit button or lever, which is installed in a convenient place - for example, near the mixer. To drain water, it is enough to press a button or lever, opening the valve - it is much more convenient and comfortable than to lower your hand in the water and reach the drain hole.
— Mesh on a bowl. Mesh made of durable wire mounted over the bowl; can be made removable or foldable. This device is mainly used as a dishwasher; it can be especially useful if the kitchen does not have space for a separate dryer, or if you periodically have to deal with a large number of dishes for which a separate dryer is no longer...enough
— Overflow. The overflow has the form of an opening located at the top of the bowl; this opening must be connected to the drain by a hose. Such a device avoids the transfusion of water over the edge of the sink: when the bowl overflows, water will flow into the sewer through the overflow and will not rise above the edges.
— Drain on drying dishes. Additional drain hole on the wing for drying the dishes (cf. relevant paragraph). This feature increases the efficiency of removing moisture from the wing and reduces the likelihood that water will get outside the sink.
— Siphon. The presence of a siphon supply kit is a characteristic curved tube for connecting a sink drain to a sewer. The complete siphon is by definition optimally compatible with the «native» wash; it saves you the hassle of searching and selecting.
Type of washing surface made of stainless steel (cf. «Body material»).
— Glossy. Brilliant, mirror surface, distinguished by attractive appearance. On the other hand, on such a surface quickly appear contamination and mechanical damage (traces from dried water, fingerprints, scratches, etc.), so to preserve the appearance it needs to be cleaned regularly, or even polished.
— Matte. The matte surface does not look as bright as glossy - it is fainter, without pronounced reflections. On the other hand, such surfaces are less susceptible to contamination and damage: fingerprints, traces of dried water, scratches and scuffs on such surfaces are not as visible as on gloss.
— Textured. Surface having a relief pattern with a depth of a fraction of a millimeter. This material is most convenient and practical from the point of view of maintenance, it perfectly masks contamination and is well resistant to scratches. The main drawback of textured surfaces is higher cost than matt and glossy. In addition, contamination and bacteria can accumulate in grooves, so clean such sinks should be with special care.
Minimum cabinet width (base)
The smallest width of the cabinet, pedestal or other base required for the installation of the sink. By width in this case means the distance between the side walls of the cabinet (base). If the width of the sink is too small, it will not get the necessary support, and its normal use will be impossible.
Main minimum dimensions: >less than 45 cm, 45 cm, 50 cm, 60 cm, 80 cm, more than 80 cm.
Country of origin
There are many national stereotypes: some countries seem more attractive to many users than others. However, in our time these stereotypes are practically grounded. First, in the country of origin of the brand, often only the headquarters of the manufacturer, and the production may be located in another State. Second, the origin from a certain country is not a guarantee of quality: everything depends on how carefully a manufacturer controls its products. Therefore, to assess the quality should be guided not by «nationality», but primarily by the reputation of a particular brand and price category of the product. Among the countries represented are: Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Serbia,
The warranty period declared by the manufacturer for this model is the period during which the manufacturer guarantees normal operation. The specific terms of the warranty may vary, however, as a rule, it covers factory defects and malfunctions caused by the fault of the manufacturer/seller and discovered during normal use, without violating the rules.
The longer the warranty period (mostly there are models with a guarantee for 5 years, 10 years, 15 years or even with a lifetime warranty) - the more reliable the sink is, the higher its overall quality, all other things being equal, but the more expensive it will cost in comparison with analogues.
However, depending on the market (country in which it is sold), the warranty for the model may differ. For example, for the countries of the European Union, America and other advanced states, the guarantee can be increased.
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