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Kitchen Sinks 

Kitchen Sinks: specifications, types

Mounting type

Regular way to install a sink. Some models allow several installation methods at once, at the user's choice. Specific options might be:

Mortise invoice. Models installed in the slot of the countertop in such a way that the edge of the sink is significantly higher than the surface of the countertop. A fairly simple installation method, however, the side raised above the countertop in some cases turns out to be inconvenient.

Mortise butt. Models installed in the slot of the worktop so that the edge of the sink is at the level of the worktop. Popular due to ease of installation and ease of cleaning: if necessary, water and other contaminants can be “driven” with a rag from the countertop directly into the sink. However there is a small gap between the countertop and the sink, where dirt can accumulate; but this disadvantage is compensated by the ease of installation.

Under the table. Models fixed from the underside of the countertop — in such a way that the edges of the hole cut under the sink actually play the role of the sides. This placement method is convenient for maximum cleaning convenience: spilled liquid or small debris like crumbs can be easily brushed off the kitchen table into the sink, while dirt will not accumulate in the gap between the sink and the countertop (unlike back-to-back installation, see the relevant pa...ragraph). At the same time, the installation of such sinks is quite complicated in itself.

Module on the countertop. A rather specific installation method: the sink is installed on the floor cabinet from above, completely replacing the countertop. For such an installation, it is necessary that the cabinet exactly matches the sink in size, so this option is quite rare.

Material

Stainless steel. The most popular material for modern kitchen sinks. "Stainless steel" perfectly resists corrosion; in addition, it is very durable and reliable, tolerates heat normally (you can put a hot frying pan), hygienic (does not have pores and does not absorb dirt) and is relatively inexpensive. Among the disadvantages is a high level of noise when a jet of water falls and a tendency to stain.

Artificial stone. Artificial stone is highly durable, while being an absolutely environmentally friendly and hygienic material. It does not fade in the sun, has excellent antibacterial properties, is reliable, durable and at the same time smooth and pleasant to the touch. Usually, the basis is granite, quartz or marble chips with the addition of acrylic resin. Such sinks look attractive and have a smooth surface without pores, which is why they do not tend to absorb odours. Artificial stone surfaces are easy to clean and easy to care for.

— Granite composite. In this case, we mean not natural granite, but a composite material based on granite chips with plastic filler. Such sinks well absorb the noise of falling water, perfectly resist dirt and are easy to clean, moreover, they have a pleasant appearance and can be made in a wide variety of designs (for different types and colours of stone). But...they do not tolerate high temperatures and have significant weight — in some models up to 50 kg. The sinks made of marble composite have a similar manufacturing principle and advantages, where only marble is used instead of granite chips. Sinks made of quartz composite differ slightly from them (see below for more details).

Composite of ceramics. Ceramic sinks are most often made of vitreous china or vitreous china. The first material is more affordable, but it has a porous structure, which is why it tends to absorb contaminants that have not been removed in time, and it can be quite difficult to remove them; vitreous china, in turn, better resists pollution, however, it also costs more. Common features of ceramic materials are, on the one hand, a pleasant appearance, on the other hand, fragility and sensitivity to strong impacts (the sink can crack from such an impact). Also note that ceramic sinks are quite massive, but this moment can be considered both as a disadvantage and as an advantage — a large weight reduces the likelihood of moving the installed product from its place, accidentally hitting it.

— Quartz composite. The sink is based on technical quartz obtained by sintering quartz sand and binder polymers in a proportion of 80% and 20%. Technical quartz, first of all, is distinguished by the highest strength characteristics and is almost completely not subject to the occurrence of cracks and chips. The surface of quartz kitchen sinks does not have pores and microcracks, so it does not absorb odours and does not accumulate pathogenic microflora. Additionally, technical quartz exhibits inert properties to detergent chemicals, vinegar and any other caustic substances. This material does not leave stains from wine and food coloring.

Copper. Design material found mainly in retro-style sinks and other unusual designs. It has a characteristic yellowish or reddish surface tint, giving the sink an unusual and stylish appearance. In terms of practical properties, this material is similar to stainless steel (see the relevant paragraph): in particular, it is strong, reliable and well resists corrosion and high temperatures. On the other hand, in the absence of obvious advantages, copper is much more expensive, and therefore you should pay attention to this option only if you are looking for a designer model with a characteristic appearance.

— Brass. Another design material similar to the copper described above. It has similar properties and differs only in appearance: the standard colour of the brass alloy is yellow. At the same time, for a number of reasons, it is used extremely rarely. — Glass. In this case, a combination of glass with stainless steel is implied (see above); in its pure form, glass in kitchen sinks is practically not used due to fragility. The upper part of the sink (side and wing, if any) is usually made of glass, and the bowl itself is made of steel. The glass itself, usually, is made tinted, which provides the product with an attractive appearance. It is worth noting that the cost of such sinks is very high, so most glass models are design solutions designed for kitchens in the original design. However, their practical characteristics are also more than decent.

Material thickness

The thickness of the material used for washing.

More "thick" models, on the one hand, provide strength and reliability, on the other hand, they differ significantly in weight and cost of the product. And accordingly, for each material, its own standards in thickness are applied.

So for steel, the values start from 0.6 mm, and in the most "heavy" models, this indicator reaches a thickness of 1.5 mm. The most common value (golden mean) is a thickness of 0.8 mm, there are also thicknesses of 1 mm and kitchen sinks of 1.2 mm

The form

The general shape of the sink. Note that this parameter is indicated not by the shape of the bowl, but by the shape of the product as a whole (although these points often coincide).

In addition to classic shapes ( rectangular, square, round, oval, corner, etc.), products are also produced in non-standard design, which can have very unusual shapes. These sinks are worth paying attention to those who are trying to decorate the kitchen in an unusual style.

Main bowls

The number of main bowls provided in the design of the product.

The simplest design option is 1 main bowl — this is a traditional, familiar to many version of kitchen sinks. In addition, models are available with two main bowls — the same or almost the same size. This design provides additional features: for example, one bowl can be filled with soapy water and dirty dishes can be placed there so that dried-on dirt is “acidified” from it, and in the second bowl you can rinse dishes that have been in soapy water. On the other hand, it must be taken into account that 2-bowl sinks are more bulky and expensive than single-bowl sinks.

Separately, we note that there are sinks in which the main bowl is supplemented with an auxiliary capacity of much smaller sizes. Such a container is intended for defrosting (see below) and is not the main bowl, so similar products in our catalog are single-cup.

Bowl location

The location of the sink bowl relative to the entire body of the product.

The standard, most traditional options are placement on the left, right or centre(if you look at the sink from the user's point of view). Some models are available in both left and right layouts; they are referred to as “left/right” in our catalogue. There are also so-called. reversible sinks: they have a symmetrical shape and can be installed in both left-handed and right-handed ways, according to the user's choice.

The choice for this parameter depends primarily on the layout of the kitchen and how exactly you need to fit the sink into it.

Additional bowl

The presence of a separate additional bowl in the sink.

Such a container looks like a small additional bowl (approximately half the size of the main one). It can be useful not only for defrosting, but also for other tasks — for example, washing fruit or rinsing pasta through the complete colander (see "Additional"). The convenience of this function lies in the fact that when using a container, the main bowl remains free and can be used for other purposes: for example, nothing prevents washing dishes in it.

Dish drying (wing)

Flat surface located next to the sink bowl. In accordance with the name, it can be used to dry dishes(so that water flows from it), but this is not limited to this: you can put, for example, freshly washed fruits and vegetables, or a defrosted product on the wing. Some sinks are available without a wing.

Defrost compartment

The presence in the sink of a separate container or a slight recess (a few cm) for defrosting and storing wet products. It is characterized by the presence of a drain hole and predominantly compact dimensions, which does not allow the use of the defrost compartment as an additional bowl.

Hole for tap

Availability of space in the sink for the installation of the mixer. This hole can be cut in advance or, if necessary, knocked out during installation (the corresponding place on the model already exists and is made of a softer material).

Tap hole diameter

The diameter of the hole required to install the tap. This size allows you to understand what size tap should be chosen, what dimensions should have additional parts for its installation and whether it will be necessary to expand or narrow the hole for an existing tap.

More features

Colander for washing (colander). The colander (colander) supplied with the sink is usually a tray with a mesh or perforated bottom through which water can freely pass. Such a tray can be used similarly to a regular colander — for washing cereals and cooked pasta, for washing and drying fruits, vegetables and herbs, etc.

Cutting board. A cutting board is included with the product. Such a board, when used, is usually attached directly to the sink; this can be especially relevant in cramped conditions where there is not much space on the kitchen table.

Automatic valve. A device that facilitates filling the sink with water and draining this water. It consists of the valve itself, which closes the drain hole, and a remote button or lever, installed in a convenient place — for example, near the mixer. In order to drain the water, just press the button or lever, opening the valve — it is much more convenient and comfortable than putting your hand into the water and reaching for the drain hole.

Mesh on the bowl. Strong wire mesh installed over the bowl; can be made removable or folding. Such a device is used mainly as a dish dryer; it can be especially useful if the kitchen does not have space for a separate dryer, or if you periodically have to deal with a large amount of dishes for which a separate dryer is no longer eno...ugh

Overflow. The overflow has the form of a hole located at the upper edge of the bowl; this hole must be connected to the drain with a hose. Such a device allows you to avoid pouring water over the edge of the sink: when the bowl overflows, the water will go into the sewer through the overflow and will not rise above the edges.

Drain for drying dishes. The presence of an additional drain hole on the wing for drying dishes (see the relevant paragraph). This feature increases the efficiency of moisture removal from the wing and reduces the likelihood that water will get outside the sink.

Siphon. The presence of a siphon in the delivery set — a characteristic curved tube for connecting the sink drain to the sewer. The complete siphon, by definition, is optimally compatible with the “native” sink; this eliminates the hassle of searching and selecting.

Surface type

Type of sink surface made of stainless steel (see "Case Material").

Glossy. Shiny, mirror-like surface, has an attractive appearance. On the other hand, dirt and mechanical damage quickly appear on such a surface (traces of dried water, fingerprints, scratches, etc.), therefore, to maintain its appearance, it must be regularly cleaned, or even polished.

Matte. The matte surface does not look as bright as the glossy surface — it is dimmer, without pronounced reflections. On the other hand, such surfaces are less sensitive to dirt and damage: fingerprints, traces of dried water, scratches and abrasions on such surfaces are not as noticeable as on glossy surfaces.

Textured. A surface that has an embossed pattern a fraction of a millimetre deep. Such material is the most convenient and practical in terms of maintenance, it perfectly masks dirt and resists scratches well. The main disadvantage of textured surfaces is the higher cost than matte and glossy ones. In addition, dirt and bacteria can accumulate in the grooves, so you need to clean such sinks with special care.

Minimum cabinet (base) width

The smallest width of a cabinet, pedestal or other base needed to install a sink. In this case, the width means the distance between the side walls of the cabinet (base). If the width is too small, the sink will not receive the necessary support, and its normal use will be impossible.
Basic minimum dimensions: less than 45 cm, 45 cm, 50 cm, 60 cm, 80 cm, more than 80 cm.

Country of brand origin

There are many national stereotypes: for many users, certain countries seem more attractive than others. However, nowadays these stereotypes are practically unfounded. Firstly, in the country of origin of the brand, only the headquarters of the manufacturer is often located, and the production may be located in another state. Secondly, the origin of a certain country is not yet a guarantee of quality: it all depends on how carefully a particular manufacturer controls its products. Therefore, to assess the quality, it is worth focus not on “nationality”, but first of all on the reputation of a particular brand and the price category of the product. Among the countries represented are the following: Germany, Italy, China, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, USA, Turkey, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Japan.

Manufacturer's warranty

The warranty period claimed by the manufacturer for this model is the period during which the manufacturer guarantees normal operation. The specific terms of the warranty may vary, however, usually, it covers factory defects and malfunctions caused by the manufacturer/seller and discovered during normal use, without violating the rules.

The longer the warranty period, the more reliable the sink is, the higher its overall quality, other things being equal, but the more expensive it will cost compared to analogues.
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