Cots: specifications, types
— Classic. The most simple and familiar design of a crib with high walls and a small functional set. Such beds are simple, as a result — inexpensive, but reliable.
— Cradle. This category includes cribs designed exclusively for newborns. One of their key features is the small size of the bed and the presence of a rocking mechanism.
— Round bed transformer. Cribs, which, thanks to their prefabricated structure, can be of 2 types: a round cradle and an oval classic. A convenient design solution makes the models very attractive in appearance and applicable for a long time.
— Transformer. The main feature of most transformers is the ability to expand the bed, so they can be used much longer than regular beds (in some models up to middle school). An opening sidewall is also usually provided (see below). In addition, these beds are often equipped with chests of drawers and changing tables.
— Loft bed. Single beds for teens, in which the bed is raised above the floor to a fairly large height. Some of these models look like a bunk bed with the lower place removed, others look like a low cabinet with a sleeping place on the “roof”. Note that loft beds are often combined pieces of furniture, complemented by c...abinets, drawers, a desk, etc.
— Thematic teenage. Beds for older children (usually primary and secondary school age), which have an original design in a specific theme. One of the most popular options is a bed in the form of a racing car, with legs in the form of wheels. In addition, there are other design options — like an airplane, a fairy-tale castle, etc. Anyway, such a bed looks unusual and often turns out to be more interesting for a child than furniture in a standard neutral design.
— Double decker. Beds with two sleeping places located one above the other. Such a bed can be very useful if the family has two children of approximately the same age (twins, weather), and there is not enough space for two separate beds. In addition, bunk beds are also fun for the children themselves — many are interested in sleeping on the “second floor”, and such furniture can come in handy in daytime games.
The material from which the bed is made affects both the usability and the characteristics of the crib.
- Tree. The most common material today: wood is relatively inexpensive, looks good and feels good, so it does not need to be covered with other materials (like metal cribs, usually lined with fabric). It has average characteristics both in terms of strength and weight and cost, which allows it to be used both in stationary beds and in cradles (see "Type").
— Plastic. The main advantage of plastic is its low weight and cost, due to which it is used mainly in cradles. However, its strength is usually lower than that of wood.
— Metal. The main advantage of metal is its high strength. On the other hand, it is unpleasant to the touch (cold), and it does not look very suitable for cribs. Therefore, only a frame is usually made of metal, on which walls and a bottom made of fabric and/or mesh are stretched.
- Wood / plastic. A variant found mainly in themed teenage beds (see "Type"). In such models, the bed is made of wood, which provides it with the necessary strength, and for decorative finishing, parts are used from inexpensive and easy-to-manufacture plastic (which, moreover, can be given almost any colour).
Regardless of the material, when buying, you should pay attention to the compliance of the crib with sanitary and h...ygienic standards.
The type of mechanism that provides rocking of the crib (if any — many models do not provide motion sickness).
— Skids. Such beds are equipped with curved skids, similar to those used in rocking chairs (only not longitudinal, but transverse). Standing on such runners, the bed is able to swing. If such a bed is equipped with wheels, they are made removable or retractable — usually the bed is on skids, and the wheels are installed when it needs to be moved or fixed so that it does not rock. The runners are the simplest and most reliable, but they also have their drawbacks: a child spinning in a dream will rock the bed, from which he himself may wake up; to fix the crib in a stable position, it is necessary to install wheels, which is very laborious and inconvenient. In addition, the skids are poorly combined with a bare floor, especially parquet and laminate, because. can damage it, and therefore it is best to put such beds on carpet.
— Pendulum. In such models, the base stands motionless on the floor, and the rest of the bed, thanks to special hinges, can swing. For a longitudinal pendulum, the rolling goes along the bed, and for a transverse pendulum — across. There are also universal pendulums, the location of which is formed during assembly. Anyway, the...pendulum mechanism has a lower risk of tipping if the child starts to rock the bed, in addition, the pendulum, unlike the runners, does not affect the floor covering. On the other hand, the pendulum mechanism is more complicated and somewhat less reliable.
Number of bottom levels
The number of different levels of installation of the bottom provided in the design of the crib. For different ages, this height is different. So, in the first months of life, the child is not even able to roll over on his own, the risk of falling out of the crib is minimal, and therefore at this time you can set the bottom higher so that it is more convenient to lean towards the baby. Later, when he can roll over, and then sit and stand, the bottom can be lowered, which will minimize the risk of falling out. The more levels of adjustment of the depth of the bottom are provided in the design, the wider the possibilities for setting its optimal height. In addition, some cribs have a removable side wall, which allows you to move them to the parent's bed. And the adjustment of the bottom allows you to maximally equalize the height of the beds of the child and mother.
The type of construction of the bottom of the crib.
— Rack. It consists of a set of transverse rails on which the mattress is placed. This design is resistant to dampness, which, for obvious reasons, occurs regularly in a crib — moisture does not linger in the crib itself, it is enough just to dry the mattress. Also, the rack structure improves air circulation, which is very necessary for the comfort of the child. On the other hand, the strength of the rails is somewhat lower than that of a solid bottom.
— Solid. Represents one solid plane. Solid bottoms are more durable, but less convenient for drying (see above).
The design of the end walls (backs) of the bed.
— Rack. As the name implies, they consist of vertical slats. The advantage of this design is the ability for you and your child to see each other, hang various toys; in addition, the slats can be used as supports for the child to sit down or stand up. On the other hand, in such cribs, the baby is prone to drafts, so special fabric walls are produced for slatted backs that can be installed as protection.
— Deaf. Such backs do not have openings, slats, etc., and therefore do not allow you to see the child — on the other hand, they provide the best protection against drafts.
— Rack / solid. This designation can mean two options. The first is when one wall (in the heads) is made solid, and the second (in the legs) is slatted, or with large slots. Thus, the design combines the elegant appearance of the lath wall and additional protection against drafts. The second option is when part of the wall is made solid, and the other part is made in the form of laths. This design is used for aesthetic reasons; on the practical side, it does not differ from the usual rack.
— Grid. End walls in the form of frames covered with a fine mesh. Compared to slatted walls, such walls provide somewhat better protection against drafts and at the same time allow the parent and b...aby to see each other. On the other hand, such a wall is not suitable as an additional support for a child.
The type of side walls of the crib.
— Rack. They consist of vertical rails, for more details on the advantages and disadvantages of this design, see "End walls".
— Deaf. They are a solid surface without recesses and holes. For more information about the advantages and disadvantages of this design, see "End walls".
— Grid. Such a wall is a frame with a mosquito net installed in it. Provides somewhat better protection against drafts than rack; on the other hand, it is poorly suited as a support for the baby. It is used quite rarely, usually when it is difficult to install rails.
— Rack / deaf. This designation means that one side wall is made deaf, the other is slatted. Such a bed is usually placed with a blank wall to the wall. Thus parents can see the child through the front wall, the child himself can use the slats as a support for getting up, and the solid back wall protects him from drafts and contact with the wall.
— Deaf / mesh. Blank walls, usually made of dense fabric, complemented by mesh inserts. Such inserts are provided to improve ventilation, as well as so that parents can better see the baby.
Possibility to open the side wall of the bed. At a very young age, when the baby is dependent and needs protection from falling, such a wall is kept closed, and when the child is old enough to lie down and get up on his own, the side wall can be opened and left in this form. Many transforming beds are equipped with such a sidewall (see "Type"); in classic-type beds, removable sidewalls play a similar role (see below).
Possibility to remove the side wall of the bed. The removable side panel will come in handy when the child is old enough to go to bed and get up on his own, and he no longer needs fall protection. With the same purpose, such sidewalls are somewhat less convenient than opening ones (see above), because. the removed wall needs to be put somewhere. However, it is very difficult to equip a bed of a classic design with an opening sidewall due to lack of space, and therefore it is necessary to use removable ones.
Sidewall height adjustment
The ability to change the height of the side wall within certain limits. Adjusting the height of the sidewall will be useful, first of all, when the child grows up, and it becomes inconvenient to get him through a high wall (see "Number of bottom levels"). Changing the height will make it easier for you to access the baby: if necessary, the wall can be lowered in a few seconds, and putting the child back in place again. The latches of such sidewalls are made with the expectation that the child could not open them on his own. Also, the variable sidewall height can partially replace the adjustable bottom height (see "Number of bottom levels").
Possibility to remove several rails from the side or end wall. Thus, the removable rails give the grown-up child the opportunity to climb into and out of bed on their own, and at the same time retain additional support and protection against a possible fall.
Special pads, usually made of silicone, installed on the top of the side of the bed. During teething, the child constantly reaches for something to gnaw, and while in bed, the upper part of the walls is often the most convenient object for this. Silicone pads protect the child's teeth and gums from damage, and the crib from sloppy marks.
The presence in the design of the crib of a special changing table for small children, which eliminates the need to purchase a separate changing board.
Availability in a set of delivery of a bed of own mattress. In addition to the fact that you do not have to buy a mattress separately, this option is good because it saves you from problems with choosing a mattress — the complete one will fit perfectly in size.
The presence of a special fine-mesh net in the delivery set. With such a net, you can completely close the crib, protecting the baby inside from mosquitoes and sometimes even dangerous insects or other annoying. Mosquito net is useful primarily for those who plan to use the crib outdoors in the warm season.
Drawer / laundry basket
The presence of a drawer or basket near the bed (usually located under the bottom). Most often, such elements are used to store bed linen, but clothes, toys, etc. can also be stored there. (although if you want to store a lot of things next to the bed, you should pay attention to models with a chest of drawers). Sometimes there can be several drawers for linen.
The latches are designed to block the rotation of the wheels of the bed and prevent it from moving — for example, if a nearby baby tries to climb onto the bed or grab to stand up, the bed without latches can move, which is fraught with unpleasant consequences.
It is known that children fall asleep best to a lullaby, but in the modern world, parents do not always have the opportunity to give their child enough attention. It is in this case that a music box is useful — it is a player built into the bed with an external speaker through which lullabies can be played. Melodies can be either pre-installed or downloaded at the request of parents.
Lighting effects in different models may look different. In some cases, these are multi-coloured light bulbs that help to amuse the baby and focus on bright colours, in others it is a projection on the ceiling, which can also distract the child from annoying colic and captivate with its spectacle. Anyway, no matter how the lighting effects are implemented, they help both the child and the parent in a comfortable, fun and relaxing pastime.
Arc with toys
An arc with toys suspended above it, placed above the crib. It is intended primarily for the smallest children — toys can distract the child, and the child will stop crying, for example. Also, the arc can be used for games at an older age, but for this it is less suitable — the toys are located quite high, and it is difficult to reach them.
Automatic rocking system
Beds with the function of auto rocking do not need to be rocked manually to lull the baby - they are equipped with an electronic mechanism that rocks the bed on its own. In some models, the intensity of rocking is adjustable.
Decorated with rhinestones
Beds decorated with rhinestones(imitation of jewels). This decision does not affect the possibilities of cribs, however it gives them a rich appearance, and therefore is often used in elite class models. And especially for girls.
A classic slide in the form of a chute, along which the baby can slide out of bed onto the floor. It is found mainly in loft beds(see "Type"), where the bed is noticeably raised above the floor. The slide is intended mainly for games, but it can also be useful from a practical point of view — to speed up the rise: when you get out of bed after waking up, the child wakes up faster.
Chest of drawers
The presence in the design of the bed of its own chest of drawers. A chest of drawers differs from a linen box (see below) in volume and number of compartments and allows you to store clothes, toys, etc. in addition to bed linen.
The bed has its own wardrobe.
This feature is found exclusively in loft beds (see "Type"). The wardrobe is usually placed under the bed; the number, height and capacity of the compartments may be different, but these moments can be assessed already by the image of the bed.
The bed has its own desktop, built into the design.
Only loft beds are equipped with desktops (see "Type"). The table can have a folding (swivel) design and slide under the bed during non-working hours.
Number of shelves
The number of shelves provided in the design of the bed.
Such equipment is mainly supplemented by loft beds (see "Type"), and shelves can be placed next to the bed, under it or above it (near the heads).
The type of stairs provided in the design of the bed.
Ladders are found mainly in bunk models and loft beds (see "Type") — other types of beds simply do not need such equipment. Types can be like this:
— Vertical. A classic vertical or nearly vertical staircase with rungs.
— Ladder-boxes. A design that combines a ladder and drawers of a chest of drawers. In fact, this is a set of boxes placed in ledges, while the lid of each box plays the role of a step.
— Attached with boxes. A kind of ladder-boxes (see above), which has an attached structure. In other words, such a ladder is not rigidly attached to the bed, but can move back and forth.
The size of the bed in length and width in centimeters. The standard sizes of children's mattresses are 60x120, 70x120 and 70x140; you need to pay attention to these dimensions if you plan to purchase a mattress separately from the crib. The length of baby cots varies from 90 to 140 cm, with the most common models being 120 cm (give or take a few cm). A smaller size means that the bed will have to be changed earlier, and transformer beds (see "Type") are usually longer, designed not only for babies, but also for preschoolers and schoolchildren. The width of the bed can vary from 40 to 70 cm, and the most common option is 60 cm, this is considered quite enough. As in the case of length, a smaller width means that the child will become cramped in it earlier, and usually “long-playing” transformer models have a larger width. All of the above does not apply to cradles (see "Type") — they are designed only for the smallest and are much smaller.
Distance between rails
The distance between the rails on the side or end walls of the bed. A distance of 7-9 cm is considered optimal — this is not enough for a child to crawl between the rails, but enough so that a handle or leg does not get stuck between them.
Country of origin
The country of origin of the brand under which the product is marketed. Often indicated by the nationality of the company or the location of its headquarters. At the same time, the actual production capacity of the brand often differs from the country of origin.
It should be noted that the quality of products depends not so much on geography, but on the peculiarities of the organization of processes and quality control at all stages of production. Therefore, national prejudices regarding brands from certain regions, as a rule, are not supported by anything. It is necessary to pay attention to the country of origin of the brand only if the task is to fundamentally support or bypass the manufacturer from a particular state.
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