Nappies: specifications, types
Age category for which diapers are designed. Both dimensions and some features of the shape depend on this.
Most modern diapers are intended for children — up to a certain age, babies inevitably "dirty diapers", and excesses are possible even at a fairly conscious age. However, the need for diapers can also occur in a teenager, and even in an adult — usually it is due to health problems (night wetting, spinal injuries, etc.). Accordingly, models for these age categories are also presented on the market.
— Diapers. In this case, diapers of a classical design are meant — hygienic devices for absorbing moisture (primarily urine) and protecting surrounding objects (outerwear, bedding, etc.) from pollution. Such devices, usually, cover the pelvic region of the child as much as possible, covering not only the groin, but also the abdomen and hips. Compared to panties, classic diapers are more reliable — in particular, because they are able to absorb more liquid; also from their advantages it is worth noting suitability for all age categories. At the same time, such a diaper can create inconvenience for an older child when moving and wearing clothes.
— Panties. In full accordance with the name, such devices are more like ordinary underpants than diapers. They are designed for older children and are designed for the fact that the child usually moves a lot and actively during the day — panties do not restrict movement as much as classic diapers, and allow you to put on clothes of a regular cut without problems. In addition, these products themselves are more convenient to put on, which can be useful, for example, during a trip. Also, the use of panties can be part of the educational process when teaching a baby to use the toilet; some brands are even positioned as "training".
— For swimming. A specific type of diaper designed, as the name suggests, to stay in the water — primarily in public poo...ls. Unlike other varieties, such products tolerate moisture well, do not swell and do not lose their absorbent properties when in contact with water for a long time. On the other hand, for more traditional wearing options — for a walk, while sleeping, etc. — diapers of this type are usually unsuitable.
— For potty training. "Training" panties used during potty training. The main difference between such products and ordinary diapers is that they do not absorb moisture (although they retain it inside). This means that if a child pees directly into panties, he will feel discomfort due to wet diapers. This is the main idea of such products: with their help, you can very quickly teach your baby that “doing business” right in panties is unpleasant and uncomfortable, it’s better to ask for a potty.
— Diapers. Strictly speaking, diapers are not diapers — they are, in fact, hygienic mats. They are designed for additional protection of the surfaces on which the child stays — bed, changing table, etc. An example of a situation where such protection may be needed is the procedure for changing a diaper: if a "trouble" occurs during the change, it will be much easier to throw away a disposable diaper than cleaning the changing table, not to mention washing the bed. In addition, diapers will come in handy during weaning the baby from diapers.
— Disposable. Diapers not designed to be reused: after "overfilling" they have to be thrown away. The main advantage of such products compared to reusable ones can be called high absorbency, which allows them to be used even for the smallest children (of course, if they match in size) and reduces the risk of various unpleasant phenomena (for example, "diaper dermatitis"). Such diapers cost, of course, more expensive, because. they have to be bought constantly, but in general, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages, and most modern brands are disposable.
— Reusable. Reusable diapers: once soiled, it is enough to wash and dry them. Such products are more economical than disposable ones, but their advantages are limited to this. But the absorbency of reusable models is very low, because. they do not use special adsorbents (unlike disposable ones). In fact, this means that such diapers will have to be changed very often, and if this is not done on time, the baby's skin may become irritated from contact with a damp cloth. Therefore, reusable diapers are gradually “going off the stage” as obsolete.
Approximate weight of the child for which diapers are designed. Traditionally, this parameter is one of the key (along with size) when choosing a product for a particular baby. Of course, the weight category indicated on the package is quite approximate — after all, children can vary markedly in physique; at the same time, for most cases, this error is not so large as to seriously affect the correctness of the choice.
Waist size (in cm).
Unlike baby diapers, which are selected according to the weight of the child, the size grid of adult models is classified according to the waist circumference (in centimeters). Often these are “floating” values in the manner of 40 – 60 cm or 130 – 170 cm. Due to the lack of uniform standards, waist sizes for adult diapers from different manufacturers may vary.
Diaper size (see "Type") in length and width. Ideally, the diaper should cover the surface for which it is used with some margin; size information allows you to choose the best option for this.
The amount of liquid that the diaper can effectively absorb. This indicator is usually denoted in conditional “drops”: the more drops, the more liquid the product can contain. Note that there is no strict correspondence between the number of drops and the maximum amount of absorption. Firstly, the “capacity” of a diaper also depends on its size (the larger the volume, the more liquid is placed, with the same number of drops), and secondly, different manufacturers may have different labeling rules. This means that it is best to specify specific figures using special tables.
Such a designation is found only in products for adults(see "Intended use"), and it is worth choosing according to absorbency, taking into account the specifics of the application. If the diaper is used more as a safety net, or if urination occurs often and little by little, and the person wearing the diaper can change it himself, you can use models with low absorbency. But for those who are not able to move independently, it is worth choosing more spacious products — especially if the patient has to be left for a long time.
Number of items
The number of nappies in one package. This indicator will allow you to estimate how long a pack will last. At the same time, note that you should not buy a large pack if this brand has not been tested in fact — there is a great risk of throwing money away, because even high-quality nappies may not fit for one reason or another.
The type of fastener provided in the design of the diaper.
— Hook-and-loop. Hook-and-loop is considered the best option for disposable diapers (see "Usage"). These fasteners are inexpensive, easy to use and dispose of, have a very small thickness (due to which they do not create inconvenience for the child), and their reliability is more than sufficient to keep the product “in place” during the entire wearing period. They do not tolerate frequent fastening / unfastening, because. wear out a lot, but this disadvantage is not relevant in this case. As a result of all this, Hook-and-loop is used in the vast majority of modern brands of diapers.
— Buttons. Buttons (like those used in ordinary clothes) are much more secure than Hook-and-loop, but are more expensive and generally very poorly suited for disposable diapers. As a result, this option has not received wide popularity; it is found mainly in reusable models.
the "gender" of diapers is due to the difference in the structure of the genitourinary system in girls and boys, and, accordingly, differences in urination: boys "irrigate" mainly the front of the diaper, girls — the bottom and back. Accordingly, specialized brands differ in the distribution of the absorbent. At the same time, there are " unisex " models that are equally well suited for children of any gender; in them, the absorbent layer is distributed evenly over the entire lower surface, and its composition is selected in such a way as to ensure normal retention of the liquid, regardless of the place of its entry.
Note that from a practical point of view there is no fundamental difference between specialized brands and "unisex". With proper quality, both diapers work equally well, and their suitability is influenced by other factors not related to gender: ease of wearing, lack of allergic reactions, etc. So when choosing, you should not pay much attention to this parameter — just make sure that the desired brand does not belong to another gender.
Umbilical cut out
The presence of a special cut out in the design of the diaper, which leaves the navel open.
This function is typical for models designed for newborns. In the first days after birth, when the navel is healing, it needs to be looked after — and a diaper can make this task more difficult, since it is often located above the navel. To eliminate this drawback, a cut out for the navel is provided.
The presence in the design of the diaper of a special indicator, signaling the degree of filling. This feature makes it easier to monitor the condition of the diaper and reduces the risk of being late with its replacement — and the latter is fraught not only with pollution of surrounding objects, but also with irritation due to contact of the baby's skin with moisture. The indicator itself usually looks like a clearly visible mark (for example, in the form of a strip) on the outside of the diaper; when moisture fills the absorbent layer and reaches the indicator, under its influence the colour of the mark changes, which is a signal of filling.
Country of origin
The country of origin usually refers to the "homeland" of the company on whose behalf the diapers are marketed. Production can be located in a completely different country, often less attractive from the point of view of an ordinary buyer. However, both the country of origin and the place of production have little effect on the quality of products — much more it depends on the overall reputation of the brand and how strictly quality is controlled.
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