Kids' Bikes: specifications, types
— Tricycle. Classic children's tricycles: one wheel with pedals in front and two in the back. Such bicycles, unlike two-wheeled ones, do not fall, even while standing still. In addition, it is impossible to accelerate strongly on them, and various special devices can be provided in the design, such as a parent handle (see below) or a protective bumper (see "Complete set"). This makes tricycles perfect for the younger age group — some models can be used from 1 year old. However, there are also more “older” options — for children from 2 to 4 years old. But after 4 years, it hardly makes sense to use a tricycle — at this age, you can already pay attention to two-wheeled cars (see below).
— Two-wheeled. Two-wheeled children's bicycles have the same design as adult bicycles, and are distinguished primarily by their smaller dimensions. In addition, they are often equipped with side wheels (for more details, see "Complete set"), but this is not necessary — models for older ages do not have additional wheels. Anyway, such a bike is more difficult to master than a tricycle, but it perfectly develops coordination and a sense of balance; at the same time, many of these machines belong to the age category “from 2 to 4”, so you can start your acquaintance with bicycles immediately from a two-wheeled vehicle.
— Runbike. A kind of hybrid of a two-wheeled bicycle and a scoot...er. On such an apparatus, the child sits astride, as on a conventional bicycle, but there are no pedals in the design, and for movement you need to push off with your feet from the ground. This allows you to develop the coordination and sense of balance necessary for riding two-wheeled bicycles; at the same time, there is practically no risk of falling, since the child’s legs are constantly in contact with the ground. Accordingly, a balance bike can be useful not only as entertainment, but also as a kind of simulator in front of an “adult” design bike. Such models are produced mainly for children 2-4 years old (see "Age category").
— From 1 to 3 years. The youngest age group. It is exclusive to tricycles (see 'Type') and is often designed with additional features that provide safety and allow parents to use the bike as a sidecar. Of these functions, one can name, in particular, seat belts, a bumper, a visor, (see "Packaging") and a parent handle (see below).
— From 2 to 4 years. This group can include all 3 types of bicycles (see "Type"). At the same time, three-wheeled models are usually less like strollers and are more designed for independent movement of the child than in the previous group; for two-wheeled vehicles, the presence of side wheels is mandatory (see "Complete set"). And almost all balance bikes are designed for children 2-4 years old.
— From 3 to 6 years. For children of this age, a tricycle is already becoming uninteresting, and physical development makes it possible to learn to ride on two wheels. Accordingly, this category includes mainly two-wheeled models (see "Type") with the obligatory presence of side wheels in the delivery set (see "Complete set").
— From 5 to 8 years. The older age category in children's bicycles is most similar to adult models: this includes only two-wheeled vehicles, and side wheels (see "Packaging"), a...lthough they can occur, are far from mandatory.
The limits of age groups are rather conditional, but it is not recommended to strongly violate the age limits. Anyway, it is necessary to take into account not only the ages indicated by the manufacturer, but also the general level of development of the child. Also note that children of a certain age may have different heights and builds; therefore, when choosing, it is worth paying attention not only to the age group, but also to the maximum load (see below)
The maximum rider weight that the bike can normally carry. This point is directly related to the age group (see above), however, bikes with the same age recommendations may differ in maximum load.
Of course, it is impossible to exceed the load specified by the manufacturer: even if an accident does not happen immediately, it can happen at any time. And ideally, you should choose a bike with a margin of weight — both in case of emergency situations, and taking into account the fact that the child will grow.
— Steel. A fairly common material, widely used in all types of children's bicycles (see "Type"). Having a low cost, steel is at the same time very strong, reliable and resistant to shock and shock. Its main disadvantage is considered by many to be relatively large weight; however, the difference in weight with the same aluminium is usually not that big (especially when compared to the weight of the rider itself). It is worth noting that different grades of steel can be used in children's bicycles, and the overall quality of this material often depends on the price category of the machine.
— Aluminium. Aluminium-based alloys are very strong, light in weight, and much less susceptible to corrosion than steel. On the other hand, the cost of such materials is significantly higher, and high strength is not always critical (taking into account the peculiarities of riding children's bicycles, especially tricycles). Therefore, aluminium is less common, although it can also be used in all types of machines.
— Plastic. Plastic is relatively lightweight, absolutely insensitive to moisture and easy to process — it can be given almost any shape and colour. With all this, this material is inexpensive. On the other hand, plastic is not durable; therefore, it is used exclusively in bicycles for the smallest, mainly in three-wheeled models and balance bikes (see "Type").
— Tree. The general characteristics of wood are such that this material is not very suitable for classic bicycles — both two-wheelers and three-wheelers — but it is very convenient for balance bikes (see "Type"). Wood, even unpainted, looks good, and this material is quite pleasant to the touch. Of its shortcomings, some fragility can be mentioned — if the same plastic is likely to bend from a strong impact, then the tree may crack. However, it is still not easy to damage the wooden frame of the balance bike. But such a product does not tolerate moisture well, so you need to store it in a dry place.
— Fiberglass. Usually, in this case, not pure glass fiber is meant, but fiberglass — a composite material made of glass fiber filled with plastic filler. This material is noticeably stronger than conventional plastic, however, it is more expensive, and in terms of overall reliability it still falls short of steel and aluminium. Therefore, fiberglass frames are quite rare, and mostly among balance bikes (see "Type").
— Magnesium. Magnesium alloys are similar to the aluminium alloys described above: they have high strength and at the same time low weight. At the same time, compared to aluminium, such an alloy is stronger and more durable, weighs more, but not much, but it costs much more — and the difference in price rarely outweighs the mentioned advantages. As a result, magnesium frames have not received much distribution, they are found only in certain models of two-wheeled bicycles of the older age group.
Bicycle wheel diameter is traditionally indicated in inches. The overall height of the bike directly depends on this parameter, so each age category has its own wheel size — in accordance with the height of the young cyclist. However, cars of the same type and age group may differ in wheel diameter; this is especially pronounced among two-wheeled bicycles. In such cases, it is worth considering the following point: larger wheels behave better on rough roads and allow you to coast for a long time, but they are reluctant to accelerate and require more effort on the pedals; small wheels — on the contrary, they spin without much effort, but they hold speed worse and are more sensitive to pits and potholes.
Tricycles mostly have a wheel diameter of 10", balance bikes — 12 ". In two-wheeled models there are sizes of 14, 16 and 18". Larger diameter wheels are no longer used in children's, but in teenage bicycles (they are placed in one section in our catalog with older bikes).
The design of the wheels mounted on the bike and the materials used for the tyre/rim.
— Inflatable rubber. Wheels with inflatable rubber tires — the same as in full-size adult bicycles. Such wheels are quite demanding on maintenance: their condition must be monitored and, if necessary, pumped up. In addition, even a small puncture in a tyre makes it unusable and needs to be repaired. On the other hand, this is the most advanced type of wheel in terms of performance: they perform well even on rough roads, smooth out vibrations, provide good grip and are suitable for fast dynamic driving. And maintenance of inflatable tires can be a good exercise for a young cyclist before switching to a teen bike. That is why two-wheeled models for older age groups are mainly equipped with inflatable tires. However, this option can also be found in other varieties, including balance bikes and even tricycles (see "Type").
— Rubber. Wheels with a solid rubber tyre. Unlike the inflatable tires described above, such tires do not need to be inflated, and besides, they are not at all afraid of scratches and punctures. On the other hand, solid rubber wheels are less suitable for rough roads and high loads. Therefore, they are found mainly among bicycles for the smallest, and in the age category from 5 to 8 years, such wheels are not used at all.
— Polyurethane. By design, such wheels are similar to solid r...ubber wheels (see above), they differ only in the tyre material — this is polyurethane (an elastic synthetic material). Polyurethane is noticeably stiffer than rubber, so it is mainly used in tricycles that are not designed for fast driving and rough roads.
— Plastic. Wheels made entirely of plastic. The main advantage of this material is its low cost; in addition, it can be given almost any colour. On the other hand, plastic is hard and not very durable, it is not suitable for rough roads and high speeds. Therefore, these wheels are only used in tricycles and some balance bikes (see "Type").
— Plastic with rubber. A slightly improved version of the plastic wheels described above. Hard plastic in this case is complemented by a kind of analogue of a tyre — a narrow rubber strip around the circumference of the rim, where the wheel comes into contact with the ground when driving. This allows you to somewhat mitigate the vibrations that inevitably occur even when driving on smooth asphalt, but these differences between such wheels and purely plastic ones, in fact, are exhausted — plastic with rubber is also used only in tricycles, where the wheels are not designed for significant loads.
The type of front brake provided on the bike — if such a brake is available at all (it is mainly equipped with two-wheeled models of the older age group).
— Rim mechanical. Such a brake works by pressing the pads against the wheel rim, and the force on the pads is transmitted from the handle through mechanical traction in the form of a cable. This is the most simple, inexpensive and at the same time quite effective type of brakes.
— Disk. Disc brakes also use mechanical traction (see above), but the pads in them are not pressed against the rim, but against a special brake disc. They are much more powerful than rims, and they work even with a curved rim, but they are more complex and expensive. Therefore, this option is found mainly in the most advanced two-wheeled bicycles of the older age group.
— Pedal. A variant mainly used in two-wheeled models (see "Type"). In order to slow down, you need to press the pedals in the opposite direction; braking itself is provided by pads inside the rear hub. Pedal brakes are simple, inexpensive, maintenance free, and reliable enough to make them extremely popular on kids bikes. Their main disadvantage is that when the chain falls off, the bike loses the rear brake; however, the likelihood of this is not so high that this moment is critical.
— Rim mechanical. Brake in the form of a pair of pads, which, by pressing the handle ( manual brake type), are pressed against the wheel rim; the force from the handle is transmitted by mechanical traction in the form of a cable (hence the name). Such brakes, unlike the pedal brakes described above, work even with a broken chain. At the same time, they are more complex, more expensive and require periodic maintenance, which is why they are rare, mainly in fairly advanced models of the older age category.
— Disk. The brake is in the form of a pair of pads, which, by pressing the handle, are pressed against a special disc mounted on the wheel hub. At the same time, the force from the handle to the pads is transmitted through mechanical traction, as in mechanical rims. However, disc brakes are considered more advanced — they are more powerful, more efficient, less sensitive to di...rt and rim curvature. On the other hand, such systems are more complicated and more expensive than rim systems, which is why they are used extremely rarely — mainly in high-end two-wheeled bicycles of the older age category.
— Trigger sleeve. A kind of brake that combines the features of the two types described above: the pads are located inside the drum in the rear hub (as in pedal ones), however, the braking force on them is transmitted not from the pedals through the chain, but from the handle on the steering wheel through the cable (as in mechanical rims). Due to this, such brakes can be installed on balance bikes (see "Type"), where pedals are absent by definition; in fact, trigger sleeve systems and were created specifically for balance bikes.
— Pedal and rim. Bicycles equipped with both pedal and rim rear brakes. See above for details on each of these varieties; and their combination is used in order to increase the efficiency and safety of braking. So, a bicycle with such equipment is not afraid of a broken chain: the pedal brake will fail, but the rim brake will remain operational. And the simultaneous application of two brakes can be useful for an emergency stop. On the other hand, such a combination significantly affects the price of a bicycle, despite the fact that in fact it is not needed so often. Therefore, this option has not received much distribution.
— Handbook. A type of brake used exclusively on tricycles. It looks like a lever, usually installed on the side of the seat; when this lever is lifted, special stoppers are lowered onto the rear wheels. Note that tricycles are not designed for high speeds, and for braking in them it is enough to slow down the movement of the legs on the pedals. Thus, the handbrake is provided for "just in case" rather than for regular use; in some models, it can be used as a parking.
— Parental. A variant used in the youngest tricycles equipped with a parent handle (see below). In accordance with the name, in such models, the brake is controlled by the parent leading the bike — for example, by pressing a special lever on the parent handle.
A long handle mounted on tricycles (see "Type") behind the back of a child so that an adult can comfortably hold on to it while standing next to it. Thus, the parent can to a certain extent control the movement of the child, stop him at the right time or vice versa, push, or even carry the baby, like in a stroller. And in many models, the parent handles are also connected to the steering wheel with special rods, so you can also easily turn the car where you want.
Steering wheel lock
The ability to lock the front wheel of the bike in a straight position. This feature is found exclusively in three-wheeled models (see "Type") with a parent handle (see above): with the handlebars locked, the bike practically turns into a sidecar, and only the parent controls it. Features of the lock may vary from model to model: in some cars, the steering wheel is also fixed motionless, in others, the child can turn it, but this does not affect the position of the wheel.
A special stand on which the child can put his feet while sitting on a bicycle. It is found exclusively in three-wheeled models (see "Type") equipped with a parent handle (see above), and is another "pram" function: when the parent pushes the car, it is inconvenient and sometimes unsafe for the baby to keep his feet on the pedals. do not confuse this feature with a bicycle footrest, which allows you to put the bike on your own without a stop.
The ability to "disconnect" the pedals from the wheel — so that they do not rotate while the bike is moving. This feature is found in three-wheeled models (see "Type") and is useful when used as a stroller — the risk of the baby's feet touching the rotating pedals is eliminated (and this can be fraught with bruises and even injuries).
Backrest tilt adjustment
The ability to tilt the back of the child tricycle allows for a more comfortable position for the child. This solution is primarily justified for models with a parental handle, when the bike is used as a stroller — to transport the baby by the parent. Naturally, during such walks, the child may get tired and want to sleep. And leaning back to take a nap will be more comfortable for him.
The folding design allows you to reduce the size of the bike in case of storage or transportation. First of all, this function is relevant for wheelchairs, which take up a lot of space when unfolded.
— Side wheels. Additional remote wheels mounted on both sides of the bike, usually in the area of \u200b\u200bthe rear axle. They are found exclusively in two-wheeled models (see "Type"). Their main purpose is to insure beginner cyclists who are not yet able to keep their balance: the bike does not fall on its side, even when it is stationary, and you can practice riding without fear of “accidents” and bruises. At the same time, the side wheels are usually made removable, so that when the child acquires the necessary skills to ride in the classic way, they can be removed.
— Wings. Protective devices in the form of curved plates over the wheels of a bicycle; the name "shields" is also used. The main purpose of the wings is to protect the cyclist and the people around them from spray and dirt flying from the wheels while riding. This can be very useful, for example, in wet weather after rain.
— Boot. A device for carrying various loads on a bicycle, located behind the saddle. In three-wheeled models (see "Type"), the boot is most often a plastic tray in which you can carry, for example, your baby's favorite toys. Two-wheelers usually use a platform with a clamp to secure the cargo being transported (although there are exceptions, up to a closed boot). It is worth noting that it is not recommended to use the boot for transporting passengers: it is unsafe and fra...ught with breakdowns.
— Basket on the steering wheel. Like the boot (see above), the handlebar basket is designed to carry various loads. It differs, in addition to placement, also in design: it is a rather deep container and can be equipped with a lid. It is found among both two- and three-wheeled vehicles (see "Type"); in some models, the baskets are made removable.
— Cup holder A stand that allows you to securely fasten a glass or a bottle with a drink — for example, milk for a baby or water for the parent himself. Naturally, such equipment is relevant for tricycles-wheelchairs.
— Bag for things. The presence in the design of the bicycle of its own handbag for transporting small items. The main difference from the boot and the basket on the steering wheel (see above) is the design: the bag is made of soft fabric and has a fastener. On two-wheeled models (see "Type") it is usually located on the handlebars, and on three-wheeled models it is on the parent handle (see above).
— Protective bumper. Safety bar around the saddle: the child can hold on to the bumper with his hands, in addition, this feature significantly reduces the risk of falling off the bike. It is installed exclusively on three-wheeled vehicles (see "Type").
— Seat belts. This item of equipment is installed on tricycles (see "Type"), designed for the smallest: seat belts securely fix the baby on the seat, preventing him from falling off the bike — which is especially important if an adult carries the car by the parent's handle (see above). ).
— Protective visor. A device placed above the baby's head and designed to protect from direct sunlight (to avoid heat strokes), and in some models also from rain. Fits exclusively on tricycles (see "Type"). The design of the protective visor can be different: a canopy, an umbrella, or even a folding hood like those found in strollers.
— Mirrors. Special mirrors mounted on the steering wheel and allowing the child to see what is happening behind him without turning his head. There can be one or two such mirrors (one mirror is standardly installed on the left). This feature provides additional driving safety and teaches the baby to constantly look “in mirrors” — this skill can be very useful in the future, when learning to ride an “adult” vehicle like a car or motorcycle.
— Signal / call. The presence of a bell or other sound signal supplied with the bike. It is found in all types of machines (see above), however, the specific purpose in some cases varies. So, in two-wheeled models, the signal is often made in the form of a bell and is intended to warn others who may otherwise not notice the cyclist in time. But in tricycles, a horn is usually installed, which can also play the role of additional entertainment for the child. Anyway, buying a model with a bell / signal will save you the hassle of finding and installing it yourself.
— Footboard. Additional support in the form of a folding "leg", used in two-wheeled bicycles. By opening such a support, you can put the bike upright, without leaning on surrounding objects such as a pole, fence, etc. And while riding, the footboard folds compactly and does not interfere with movement.
— Game panel. Used in tricycles (see "Type"). The main purpose of the game panel is to provide the baby with additional entertainment. But its execution is different: it can be toys placed directly on the steering wheel, buttons and switches with sound signals, arrows imitating the dashboard of a motorcycle, etc.
Country of brand origin
The country of origin of the brand under which the product is marketed. Often indicated by the nationality of the company or the location of its headquarters. At the same time, the actual production capacity of the brand often differs from the country of origin.
It should be noted that the quality of products depends not so much on geography, but on the peculiarities of the organization of processes and quality control at all stages of production. Therefore, national prejudices regarding brands from certain regions, as a rule, are not supported by anything. It is necessary to pay attention to the country of origin of the brand only if the task is to fundamentally support or bypass the manufacturer from a particular state.
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