Dark mode
Catalog   /   Sports & Outdoor   /   Fitness & Aerobics   /  Steppers

Steppers: specifications, types

Maximum user weight

The maximum weight of the user for which the simulator is designed, in other words, the maximum weight of the athlete, at which the stepper is guaranteed to work out the amount of time stated in the characteristics without the risk of breakage. This parameter must be adhered to as accurately as possible, do not be mistaken about the fact that 3-5 kg in excess of the calculated weight will not affect the design. Yes, most likely, the simulator will be able to work for some time, but it will experience loads exceeding the calculated ones, and at best it will fail earlier than expected, and at worst it may break at the most unfortunate moment, which is fraught with injuries. In addition, this case is usually not covered by the manufacturer's warranty, and you will have to eliminate the consequences at your own expense.


— Stepper. This type includes all steppers of the traditional design, having both pedals under the feet and hand support — usually in the form of fixed handrails or (less often) movable levers. Unlike a ministepper, such devices are completely independent units that have everything you need for classes and do not require additional items nearby; and their functionality is significantly wider. On the other hand, the dimensions of full-size steppers are quite large (which can create problems in small apartments), and the cost is higher than that of portable ones.

Mini stepper. Compact devices for training, the distinguishing feature of which is the absence of support for the hands. Accordingly, for those exercises where such a support is required, you cannot do without an additional object such as a wall, a piece of furniture, etc. Yes, and the functionality of ministeppers is usually somewhat narrower than that of classic ones. At the same time, they cost less, and their compact dimensions greatly facilitate transportation and allow the use of such models even in tight spaces where a full-size simulator would not fit.


Classic. The traditional, most common and familiar design for many: it is based on two pedals that can move up and down. This allows you to simulate the load of walking up the stairs; at the same time, classes on a stepper are considered more gentle than real walking, because. in this case, the joints of the legs experience a minimum of unnecessary stress. Basically, such simulators are designed to strengthen the cardiovascular system and leg muscles.

Balancing. As in classic simulators, in this case the main working element is the pedals; however, they move not just up and down, but also with an inclination to the left and right, like scales on a rigid crossbar. Accordingly, during training, you have to constantly shift from side to side (hence the name), due to which a load is created not only on the legs, but also on the press. In addition, balancing develops a sense of balance.

With swivel mechanism. As the name implies, the pedals in the steppers of this design have a special device, due to which the athlete's body turns from side to side during training. This provides a complex load to strengthen not only the legs, but also the muscles of the back and the press.

Ladder type. Such simulators outwardly resemble miniature escalators: instead of pedals, they use an “endless belt” of moving steps. This a...llows you to simulate the movement of the stairs as much as possible and at the same time avoid unnecessary stress on the joints. It is worth noting that the ladder structure is quite expensive, and therefore it is found mainly in top-class models designed either for professional athletes or for use in fitness centers.

— Horizontal. Horizontal steppers are designed for those users who find it difficult or completely overwhelming to train in a standing position, relying on their feet. An integral attribute of this type of device is the presence of an ergonomic seat. As you know, the horizontal stepper allows you to train from a sitting position. Allows you to effectively train the representatives of the older age category, as well as people who are undergoing rehabilitation after injuries, operations and various ailments. Some horizontal steppers allow you to use a wheelchair instead of a regular seat.

Load system

Mechanical. To create a load, a mechanical spring or special elastic "arcs" are used. When the spring/arcs are compressed, the platform goes down, while turning through an angle of up to 90˚. Spring steppers allow you to train the muscles of the legs, back and abs. The spine, joints of the arms and legs are developed, a sense of balance and stability develops along the way, endurance increases.

Hydraulic. Loading systems based on the use of closed cylinders filled with a special liquid; the actual load in such systems is created due to the resistance that occurs when the piston moves in such a cylinder. Predominantly most compact steppers have this type of load.

Electromagnetic. Resistance in such load systems is provided by a magnetic field generated by special coils (electromagnets). Such a scheme allows you to very accurately adjust the load levels — much more accurately than in mechanical steppers. Also, in electromagnetic models, it is easier to use various systems for informing and recording training data (see "Informing"), and they produce significantly less noise. The main disadvantages of this type of simulators are the high cost and the need for a powerful power source — which requires either a connection to the network or the installation of a built-in generator (see "Power").

Magnetic. The mag...netic load is created using special magnets. Magnets located under the push plates create resistance, and its strength depends on the set of magnets used and (in some steppers) on their magnets. The main advantage of steppers with a magnetic load is the ability to use the simulator autonomously, since the operation of magnetic mechanical models does not depend on the presence of an electrical network, and quiet operation. Among the shortcomings, one can single out the limited resistance force when pressing on the platforms. The resources of traditional magnets are very limited, because this is not an electromagnet, the strength of which depends only on the voltage applied to the core. Steppers with a magnetic load have proven themselves well for home use.

Load levels

The number of fixed load levels (pedal resistance during movement) provided in the design of the stepper. The more such levels, the wider the possibilities for adjusting the load and the more accurately you can adjust it to certain requirements. At the same time, the abundance of adjustments accordingly affects the price.

Flywheel weight

The weight of the flywheel installed in the simulator is a massive wheel, the rotation of which ensures the movement of the pedals and creates a load on them. It is believed that the more weight, the better: a massive flywheel provides smooth movement with a minimum of jerks and creates uniform loads that mimic natural ones as much as possible. This is especially important for athletes with a large body weight — from 100 kg and above. At the same time, note that the cost of the entire stepper directly depends on the weight of the flywheel, and for home non-professional use it is not always justified to look for a simulator with a very heavy wheel.

Q factor

Q-factor is the distance between the stepper pedals. Anatomically correct walking ankle position suggests a Q-factor of 50 to 90 mm. The exact value depends on the height and build of a particular user. The simulator with a Q-factor up to 90 mm allows you to remove excess stress from the joints of the legs. Of course, it must be taken into account that with the growth of the Q-factor, the load on the user's muscular system automatically increases. So, models with an indicator above 90 mm allow for more effective training. But at the same time, an anatomically incorrect position of the legs is assumed, which can adversely affect the health of the joints. If the user has any diseases associated with the joints, steppers should be chosen with the optimal Q-factor for their height and build (from 50 to 90 mm).

Step height adjustment

The ability to change the step height — i.e. pedal travel between extreme points. Adjusting the step height allows you to adjust the stepper to the height of a particular user, and also allows you to increase / decrease the load on the muscles, depending on the training goals. For people with different heights, the optimal step values will be different; specific figures can be found in specialized sources. Here we note that if the simulator is bought for several users, it is very desirable to choose a model with the ability to adjust the step height.

Independent pedal travel

In steppers with this function, each of the pedals has a separate load system and does not depend on the movement of the other pedal (in contrast to the dependent stroke, when the pedals are rigidly connected and the load is provided only by the athlete's own weight). Independent pedal travel allows you to very accurately adjust the load during exercise and even set different levels for the right and left legs — which can be useful, for example, when recovering from an injury, when it is undesirable to heavily load an injured leg.

Stand Height Adjustment

Thanks to the adjustable stand, the user can adjust the stepper to fit their height. Setting the optimal stand height allows the athlete to position themselves in an anatomically correct position. The rack height regulator can be either smooth or stepped, which already depends on the specific model of the simulator.

Tilt angle adjustment

Steppers with the ability to adjust the angle of inclination of the platforms relative to the surface. The group of loaded muscles depends on the angle of inclination of the platforms. Usually the platforms are arranged so that it is convenient to lean on the entire surface of the feet. With this arrangement of the legs, the quadriceps are subjected to the greatest load. If you change the slope towards the socks, then the main load will be transferred to the calf muscles, and with a slope towards the heels, the load is transferred to the hips and buttocks.

Transport rollers

The presence of rollers or other devices in the design of the stepper to facilitate transportation; transport rollers are commonly found in full-size models (see "Type"). It can be quite useful for moving within the same apartment — a massive and inconvenient to carry simulator (which can also damage the floor if accidentally dropped) can be easily rolled without fear of damage to the coating under the wheels (or taking minimal precautions) .

Compensators for uneven floors

Compensators for uneven floors are usually height-adjustable feet. Each of the legs is adjustable independently, and they can be set to different lengths. This allows you to compensate for small unevenness of the floor and stably install the simulator in a horizontal position, at all points of support.

Training programs

The number of training programsprovided in the design of the stepper. Different programs have different purposes — strengthening the cardiovascular system, maintaining physical fitness, burning fat, etc. At the same time, the operation of the program relieves you of the need to manually set the parameters — this is done by the simulator itself. Accordingly, the more training programs, the wider the possibilities of the stepper and the more convenient the training. And some models may even provide the possibility of self-creation of programs.

Heart Rate Programs

Pulse-dependent is a type of training program in which the load is adjusted depending on the heart rate (pulse) of the athlete. Simply put, you just need to set the desired frequency — and the simulator will automatically adjust all the training parameters so that this frequency is maintained for the required time.

The simplest version of the heart rate program is the constant heart rate mode, when the heart rate is maintained at the same level throughout the entire workout. However, this set of such programs is not limited. As in the case of training, the wider this set, the more opportunities you have to choose the best option for each specific moment.

Nordic walking

Steppers for Nordic walking are equipped with handles that move along with the pedals (something similar is observed in the principle of the orbit track). Thanks to the handles, it becomes possible to work out the muscles of the upper body. Nordic walking allows you to keep the muscles of the legs, abs, chest, back and arms in good shape. Many Nordic walking steppers allow you to detach the levers, which makes them classic steppers.


Various models of steppers are able to inform the user about certain data. Among which there are also the simplest ones in the form of training time, distance, speed, step frequency, number of steps, heart rate measurement, calorie consumption, generated power; and more advanced ones such as training chart, recovery test, fat analyzer, body mass index (BMI), basal metabolic rate (BMR), etc.

— Training time. The display of training time can include both a total time counter and specialized functions — for example, the time spent in the “target zone” (working at a certain heart rate that is optimal for a particular mode), the total training time per day / week / month, etc. .P. Specific features differ from model to model.

— Distance. Display of the "distance traveled" — the distance conditionally overcome by the user during the workout. By default, this feature displays the distance traveled since the machine was turned on, but some models may have more advanced features, such as summing up over a certain period of time.

— Speed. Displaying the conditional speed of the athlete (that is, the speed that would give the same load as the work on the stepper at the current moment). Usua...lly a function is provided to display the current speed, however, some models can also calculate the average speed of the distance — this provides additional features for monitoring loads and tracking progress.

— Walking frequency. Displaying the frequency of steps (in fact, the frequency of clicking on the platforms). In general, it is similar to informing about speed (see above) and is also useful for accounting and analyzing loads.

— Number of steps. Displays the total number of steps taken by the user. In the simplest models, steps are counted from the moment they are turned on, in more advanced versions, summation over a certain period, calculation of the average amount per workout, and other additional features may be provided.

— Measurement of the pulse. The ability to measure the athlete's heart rate during training. This parameter is one of the most important for any serious work on the simulator, because. for different purposes (burning fat, maintaining tone, strengthening the cardiovascular system), the optimal heart rate will be different. It also depends on a number of other parameters: gender, age, physique, physiological characteristics, etc. And exceeding the maximum allowable heart rate is fraught with unpleasant health consequences. You can learn more about this in the specialized literature, and best of all, consult a trainer or doctor. To measure the pulse, special sensors are used, in different models of steppers they can have a different design: a clip on the ear, a chest block with a belt, sensitive plates on the handrails, etc.

— Calorie consumption. Displays the amount of energy expended by the athlete during training. This allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of the work to a certain extent, especially if it is aimed at burning fat and you need to track energy costs. Note that in most steppers, the estimate of calorie consumption is made quite approximately, without taking into account the individual characteristics of the body, however, for amateur training, this accuracy is quite enough.

— Recovery test. The presence of a recovery test function (also called a “fitness test” or “fitness assessment”) allows you to determine the rate of recovery of the body after physical exertion and, accordingly, its general physical condition and fitness for such loads. Usually, for this, the pulse is measured twice — immediately after training and 1 minute later — after which the simulator gives an estimate, which is deciphered using special tables. Recovery test machines are, by definition, capable of measuring heart rate (see above).

— Calorie consumption. Displays the amount of energy expended by the user during the workout. This allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of the work to a certain extent, especially if it is aimed at burning fat and you need to track energy costs. Note that in most models, the estimation of calorie consumption is done quite approximately, without taking into account the individual characteristics of the body, however, for amateur training, this accuracy is quite enough.

— Generated power. The display shows how much electricity, in Watts (W), was generated during the workout. Advanced users use this data to gauge the overall level of effectiveness/efficiency of a workout. Upon reaching a certain value of the generated power, you can finish the workout.

— Workout chart. The screen displays a schedule of the training program, which in a convenient form fixes the level of load and the duration of the workout. The chart allows you to visually assess the amount of energy expended, and at the same time the calories burned, at various stages of the lesson. Additionally, this allows you to take control of the load rate. A decreasing or increasing schedule will tell you when it is desirable to increase the load, and when to reduce it, in order to evenly distribute forces throughout the entire training program.

— Fat analyzer. The action of the fat metre is based on the use of a weak electric current passed through the human body: different types of human tissues have different resistance, and the amount of adipose tissue can be deduced from the characteristics of the discharge. This technology is not accurate, but to a certain extent it allows you to evaluate the features of the physique; and by measuring the fat content before and after a course of training, you can get a pretty clear result. Measuring current is considered harmless to healthy people, but has a number of limitations.

— Body mass index (BMI). The automatic calculation of the body mass index allows you to adjust the training modes for each individual user, as well as more objectively evaluate the result of training programs. Body mass index (BMI) is the ratio of a person's height to their weight. Calculated using the following formula: weight / height / height. Let's assume that the user weighs 70 kg and is 1.76 m tall. In this case, BMI = 70/1.76/1.76 = 22.6. The normal MBI is considered to be an index from 19 to 24. If the user's MBI is insufficient (less than 19), then the simulator will develop workouts based on gaining body density and increasing muscle mass. When the MBI is excessive (over 24), the machine will recommend using a training program to reduce fat mass.

— Assessment of basal metabolism (BMR). Ability to calculate basal metabolism — the minimum amount of energy required by the body for normal functioning (for the respiratory, circulatory, nervous systems, as well as various organs). In other words, basal metabolism is the amount of energy that the body spends directly on functioning, without putting it off “for later” in the form of adipose tissue. This parameter is extremely important for organizing proper nutrition, especially when exercising to burn fat and reduce excess weight. There are formulas to determine BMR by weight, height, age and sex of a person; however, they allow you to get only an average result, while the simulator is able to take into account many additional factors that affect the metabolic rate. Usually, basal metabolism is determined by energy costs per day.

— Room temperature. Possibility of measurement and display on the display of a stepper of temperature indoors. This function will help you more accurately assess the conditions for training and choose the appropriate form of clothing, as well as, if necessary, take measures to ensure a comfortable temperature (open the window; turn on the air conditioner — or vice versa, the heater).

The above list is not exhaustive; in modern orbitrecks, other types of information can also be displayed on the display.


Management on the handles. The control buttons for training modes are placed on the handles of the stepper. With their help, you can change the load without stopping the lesson. However, the control options in each model may be different.

— Expanders. Steppers can be equipped with mounts for expanders. This solution allows you to increase the number of exercises available with the simulator: training the arms and upper body provides a complex load — after all, the stepper itself loads only the legs. In most models , expanders are included.

Turn of the body (twister). To turn the body, a hinged platform is used, which is called a twister. And so that the user does not lose balance, the simulator usually provides a stand with handrails. Exercises with twists of the torso allow you to strengthen the muscles of the back and abs.

Fan. The stepper has its own fan. This feature is useful for cooling during intense workouts with copious “warm-up” and sweating, especially in warm weather.

Bottle holder. The presence of a special stand in the design of the stepper, on which you can put a bottle or a glass. Thus, you will always have a supply of water at hand, and to replenish its amount in the body you will not have to be distracted from working with the simulator.
...r> — Colour display. The presence of a colour monitor in the design of the stepper. This function does not affect the main features of the simulator, however, such displays are considered more convenient and pleasant to view than black and white.

Bluetooth. The presence of a Bluetooth wireless module in the orbit track allows the simulator to be synchronized with the user's smartphone, tablet or laptop / PC. Thanks to data synchronization, the user will be able to control the results of training in a convenient form. Additionally, Bluetooth wireless communication can be used to download new training programs to the on-board computer of the simulator and synchronize with the heart rate monitor via the ANT protocol.

USB port. USB can be used to connect heart rate sensors and other specialized accessories, to play music and/or video from external media (for example, “flash drives”), to update the firmware using the same media, etc.

mini-Jack 3.5 mm (Aux). The audio jack is designed to connect an MP3 player or smartphone / tablet and output sound from devices to the speakers built into the simulator.

Speakers. The presence in the design of the stepper own speakers. Music can be played through them, as well as various service messages.

Tablet stand. Allows you to securely and safely mount a tablet with almost any screen size on the simulator. Thanks to this, the user can enjoy watching TV shows or movies directly during training.

Power supply

Battery. Powered by replaceable batteries or batteries. The main advantage of this option is the complete battery life of the simulator — it can be installed anywhere without worrying about the presence of sockets and laying the network wire. On the other hand, the power of the batteries is very limited, and they are only suitable for models with mechanical load systems (see above), which do not depend on the power supply and require electricity only to power the built-in computer. In addition, the battery life is not infinite, and they need to be changed or recharged periodically (and in the case of batteries, only changed).

Network. Powered by a standard 230 V power supply (in other words, a regular home outlet). Such power allows you not to worry about replacing or recharging "dead" batteries — the simulator will work as long as there is light in the house. In addition, it is suitable for models with any load system, even electromagnetic (for more details, see "Load System"), while such devices are much cheaper than similar generator ones (see below). The main disadvantages in this case are the dependence on the outlet and the need to use a network cable, which can limit mobility and get in the way. However, in most cases, these shortcomings do not cause significant inconvenience.

— Built-in generator. The stepper is powered by its own built-in...generator. The user himself generates the electricity necessary for operation in such devices: pressing the pedals sets the generator shaft in motion. This type of nutrition is the most advanced, because. combines the advantages of the two described above: generator models are completely autonomous and do not require connection to an outlet or replacement of batteries, while the power of the energy source is quite sufficient even for electromagnetic load systems (see above for more details). However, there are also disadvantages: in particular, this is a significant weight of the generator and the high cost of such simulators.

Country of brand origin

The country from which the product brand originates. The brand in this case can be described as a general designation by which the goods of a particular manufacturer are known in the market. The country of its origin does not always coincide with the actual place of production of the product: to reduce the cost of production, many modern companies transfer it to other countries. It is quite normal for products, for example, of an American or German brand, to be made in Taiwan or Turkey. Contrary to popular belief, this in itself does not lead to a decrease in the quality of the goods — it all depends on how carefully the brand owner controls the production. And many companies, especially large and "famous", monitor the quality very zealously — after all, their reputation depends on it.


The dimensions of the equipment in the assembled and ready to work state. It is important to note that in fact more space is needed for comfortable and proper operation of the simulator.
Catalog steppers 2022 - new products, best sales, buy steppers.