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Pushchairs: specifications, types
General design of the stroller.
In addition to traditional varieties — classic models (with a cradle) and strollers(with a seat) — nowadays you can also find universal strollers, which are 2 in 1 and 3 in 1, transformers and strollers for sports purposes. Here is a more detailed description of each variety:
— Walking. Strollers designed for the sitting position of the child. A place for a baby in such strollers is called a "walking block"; in fact, this is a seat of a special design. In some models, such a seat can tilt almost horizontally, which gives the small passenger the opportunity to take a nap. However, all strollers are intended for more or less grown-up children who are able to sit on their own — that is, not younger than 6 – 8 months.
Also note that in this category there are strollers with the possibility of installing a cradle. In fact, such models are universal (see below); but if the cradle is not initially included in the delivery, it is customary to classify the stroller as a stroller.
— Walking (sports). A variety of walking models (see above) designed for parents who value an active lifestyle: the sports stroller can be used not only when walking calmly, but also while jogging. Such strollers a...re usually equipped with three wheels of a rather large diameter, and also have a large chassis width (see below); all this gives additional stability and manoeuvrability, including on uneven roads. In addition, the design may include specific features for additional convenience and safety — for example, a belt that fixes the parent's hand on the handle of the stroller, or an additional brake that works when the stroller is released from the hands.
— Universal. Strollers, regularly equipped with at least two (or even three) interchangeable blocks: a cradle where the child is in a lying position, a walking block for sitting, and sometimes also a group 0+ car seat. The parent himself chooses what exactly to install on the chassis. The main convenience of this option is that one stroller is enough for the entire “pram” age of the baby: up to 6-8 months, a cradle is used, then you can gradually switch to a walking block. However universal strollers are more expensive and less convenient to store than transformers (see below), which have similar capabilities. On the other hand, the cradle and the walking block, made separately, are more convenient and more reliable than the “walk cradles” used in transformers.
Note that some universal models can be supplied in alternative configurations — for example, "cradle + car seat". So when buying such a stroller, it's ok to clarify the set of accessories supplied with it.
— A stroller-transformer. Strollers in which the seat — the so-called "cradle-walk" — can be transformed from a cradle to a walking block and vice versa. This gives the same possibilities as in universal models (see above): the same stroller can be used both in the first months of a child’s life, when a cradle is needed for him, and in the future, when you can carry the baby already in a sitting position . However, unlike a universal stroller, in a transformer for such a reconfiguration, it is not necessary to rearrange the main unit; this provides several advantages at once. Firstly, the format of the main block can be changed at any time — including literally on the go; this does not require a replaceable walking block or cradle. Secondly, the carrycot takes up less storage space than two separate units.
— Classical. Strollers that are equipped with cradles only; some also allow the installation of a walking block, as in universal models, but if such a block is not included in the kit, the stroller is considered a classic. Recall that cradles are intended mainly for children under 6 – 8 months old, who are not yet able to sit normally in the walking block; in other words, this type of stroller is suitable mainly for the smallest children. That is why the "classic" nowadays is not particularly popular.
The type of stroller is indicated by the number of seats in it.
— Single. The traditional, most popular option is a stroller for one child. Some of these models allow the installation of an additional second unit (see below), which turns them into doubles; however, by default, even in such a stroller there is only one place.
— For twins. Strollers with two seats in which you can seat twins (or just two children of the same age and physique). Seats in such wheelchairs can be located either side by side or one behind the other, in the latter case they can be installed at different heights.
— For triplets. Strollers for three seats — for triplets or three children of the same age. Three twins are born at once extremely rarely, therefore there are few strollers of this type produced. Places for children in them are usually arranged as follows: two side by side and one separately, in front of or behind them.
Installation of additional 2nd block
Possibility of installation on a single wheelchair (see "Type") of an additional block, simultaneously with the main one.
Features of the use of this function may be different, depending on the type (see "Design") and the specific model of the stroller. So, in walking models, the installation of the second block, usually, is used to turn a single stroller into a double one; at the same time, the additional seat, like the main one, is a walking block with the child sitting. However, it should be borne in mind here that the second block is usually located behind the main one, in the lower part of the structure, and the child sitting in such a place sees only the back of the front seat.
In turn, among the universal strollers there is a more specific option — the ability to install both the cradle and the walking block supplied in the kit on one chassis at once. This allows you to keep both accessories ready and use them depending on the situation: for example, at the beginning of a long walk, you can put the baby in the walking block, and when he gets tired and wants to sleep, put him in the cradle. The seat and carrycot are also installed at different levels, but their rearrangement, usually, takes a matter of seconds.
— Book. In wheelchairs with such a mechanism, the individual parts of the frame are connected by a common rotary axis; when the stroller is folded, these parts are pressed against each other like the pages of a closing book — hence the name. This is the most popular type of folding nowadays: "books" are somewhat more complicated, more expensive and heavier than "canes", but they have a number of advantages over them. Firstly, this method can be used in all types of wheelchairs (see "Design"). Secondly, frames of this type are equally convenient for both walking blocks and cradles. Thirdly, such strollers can be equipped with solid or universal handles without any problems (see "Handle type"). Fourthly, the height of the "book" when folded is almost halved, while for cane structures this size does not change.
— Cane. If you look from the side, then in the unfolded position, the frame of the stroller with a cane mechanism from the side looks like this: a support for the front wheel, tilted back and ending with a handle on top, and a support for the rear wheel attached to it with its upper end, standing vertically (or almost vertically). When folding, the rear support rotates at the attachment point and is pressed against the front support; at the same time, the front support has a solid structure and does not fold by itself — this is the main difference between such mechanisms and “books”. And the name..."cane" comes from the fact that such strollers usually use horn handles, and when folded, the design resembles a pair of canes.
The advantages of this type of mechanism are low weight, low cost and speed of unfolding/folding. On the other hand, the cane structure is poorly suited for cradles, which is why it is used mainly in strollers and individual universal models. In addition, open-end handles are somewhat less convenient than solid handles (the latter are also found in similar designs, but much less frequently).
Backrest tilt adjustment
The ability to adjust the angle between the seat and the back of the stroller. This allows you to choose the most comfortable position for the child and adjust the seat to different situations: for example, at the end of a long walk, the backrest can be tilted back so that a tired baby takes a nap.
Block tilt adjustment
The ability to adjust the angle of inclination of the entire main unit relative to the stroller frame. This allows you to further adjust the stroller to different situations: for example, at the beginning of the walk, the block can be installed almost vertically, based on a sitting position, and later tilted back so that the baby can take a nap.
Block height adjustment
The ability to adjust the height of the main unit (where the child is placed) on the stroller frame. Different location options have their own characteristics: for example, with a high installation, the baby will be closer to the parent, and with a low installation, stability increases and the stroller will behave better on uneven roads.
The ability to change the position of the footrest, on which the legs of the child in the stroller rest.
A similar ability to change is found in some strollers, transformers and strollers of universal strollers (see "Design"). The footrest itself is an inclined surface attached to the front edge of the seat. And adjustable footrests are called, in which you can change the angle of inclination; in many models, such a support can even be installed horizontally. This allows you to choose the most comfortable position for your baby's legs in different situations.
Strollers in which the complete cradle has a folding design. This feature simplifies the storage and transportation of the stroller outside of working hours: when folded, the cradle takes up much less space.
Carrycot carry handle
The carrying handle, as the name suggests, is mounted on the bassinet and makes it easy to carry it from place to place — for example, if you need to remove the bassinet for cleaning and then put it back. The handle can have a different shape — in the form of an arc attached to the sides of the cradle, in the form of a cutout in the hood, etc.
Strollers in which the handle can be rearranged from one side to the other — that is, put it on both the rear and front wheels. Simply put, the flip handle makes it possible to carry the baby both forward facing and facing the parent. Such an opportunity can be provided both due to the swivel fastening of the handle, and due to the fact that the handle is made removable (rearranged).
This feature is convenient in light of the fact that for different formats of using the stroller, the optimal position of the handle will also be different. So, when the child is awake, sitting in the walking block, it is best to carry him face forward, so that the small passenger can freely see the world around him. And when a small passenger sleeps on the unfolded seat, it is best to turn the walking block facing the parent; the same position is standard for the carrycot. In addition, the flip handle can be useful in some everyday situations: for example, to descend a steep ramp, it is better to turn the walking block backwards, and the easiest way to do this is due to the variable position handle.
Note that when throwing the handle, the front and rear wheels change places, and a long movement “back to front” can be inconvenient. In some models, this moment is compensated by automatic switching of the wheels: when the position of the handle changes, the wheels also “change roles” (the front ones are fixed straight, and the rear ones are unloc...ked, turning into swivel ones). However, the presence of this function needs to be clarified separately.
Fastening in the direction / against the movement
In wheelchairs with this function, the seat — the seat unit — can be fixed in one of two positions, to choose from: facing the parent (against the direction of travel) or facing away from the parent (in the direction of travel). Each option has its advantages: in the first case, the baby can see a familiar face and is less nervous, and when located in the direction of travel, it is more convenient for him to view the world around him.
A function used in walking blocks where the child is sitting. The protective bumper is a horizontal handrail installed in front of the baby seat. The child can hold on to such a handrail; in addition, such a device reduces the risk of falling out of the stroller, and for additional security, the bumper can be supplemented with a crotch strap (see below). To make the stroller more convenient to store, transport and clean, the bumper is often made removable; in some models, it also serves as a carrying handle (see above).
The presence of a separate inguinal belt in the design of the stroller. Only strollers with a bumper (see above) are equipped with such a belt: the belt is located vertically between the legs of a seated child, preventing him from falling out by slipping under the bumper. In general, this design is similar in purpose to three-point belts(see “Type of belts”), however, in a stroller with a bumper and crotch belt, the child is usually less crowded. You should pay attention to the presence of this function when buying strollers for strollers (with a vertical landing) for the smallest children.
Window made of transparent material built into the hood that covers the carrycot or seat unit. In walking blocks, such a window is usually located in such a way that the parent can see the baby directly while driving, without being distracted from driving the stroller. In cradles, the purpose of this function is somewhat different: thanks to the window, the parent can see the child by approaching the stroller from the side of the hood (that is, from the opposite side of the handle). In addition, the baby lying in the cradle can see the outside world through the window (first of all, the sky above the stroller).
Type of seat belts provided in the stroller.
— Two-point. The simplest belts encircling a seated child in the area of \u200b\u200bthe belt. Quite inexpensive and at the same time quite practical solution. The main disadvantage of a two-point harness is that the baby can slip under it and fall out of the stroller; however, to avoid this, many models provide a bumper handrail (see above), as well as a crotch strap — a protective partition between the seat and the bumper.
— Three -point. Straps with three fixing points: two straps usually go from top to bottom over the shoulders, one from bottom to top through the groin, between the legs, and the common fastener is located in the abdomen. Such systems are relatively simple and at the same time more reliable than point-to-point systems.
— Five -point. The most reliable and safe type of belts found in modern wheelchairs. In such systems, three belts (as in the three-point systems described above) are supplemented by two additional belts in the waist area. Thus, the likelihood that the child will slip out of the belts is reduced to almost zero. On the other hand, five-point systems are the most difficult and troublesome to use, and a capricious kid may “not appreciate” the abundance of belts.
the cushioning theme is designed to smooth out the bumps and bumps in the road. The most popular nowadays are models with spring systems; you can also find articulated and double-type cushioning, and in a fairly large number of strollers this function is completely absent. Here are the main features of each option:
— Spring. Damping systems based on classic springs mounted on individual wheels. They are used in all types of strollers, except for classic ones (see "Design"). The simplest models use a single set of springs, while more advanced models may include additional comfort features such as SAS shock/vibration dampening technology. Anyway, depreciation systems of this type are simple and at the same time practical, efficient and reliable.
— Hinged. The type of depreciation used in strollers with cradles — classic, universal, transformers. The frame on which the cradle or walking block is installed is attached to the base of the stroller in such models with the help of special jumpers-rockers, which play the role of shock absorbers. Belt loops can be used as jumpers; such systems can also be classified as hinged. Anyway, this type of depreciation is great for cradles. Firstly, the stroller moves as smoothly and softly as possible, which contributes to the comfort and sound sleep of the child (and it is much easier for the...parent to carry the stroller, especially on uneven surfaces). Secondly, the cradle on such a stroller can be rocked back and forth, lulling the baby. On the other hand, such systems are poorly suited for walking frames with swivel front wheels; and the failure of one shock absorber leads to a skew of the cradle.
— Double. Most often, this term refers to the spring systems described above, equipped with additional shock absorbers on the stroller frame. Such systems contribute to maximum damping of vibrations; in terms of efficiency, they can approach articulated ones (see above). On the other hand, the softness of the suspension can create inconvenience when overcoming curbs and other irregularities: in order to raise the front wheels of the stroller, you have to press hard on the handle.
— Is absent. Strollers without shock absorption are poorly suited for uneven surfaces: in such conditions, the stroller will shake violently, which creates both discomfort for the baby and inconvenience for the parent. On the other hand, such models also have advantages over cushioned strollers. Firstly, due to the absence of unnecessary parts, they are much cheaper, and the design itself is as simple as possible and at the same time reliable. Secondly, without depreciation, it is easier to overcome bumpers and other obstacles: to raise the front wheels, a slight pressure on the handle is enough. Thirdly, such strollers sway less on smoothed, undulating surface irregularities.
The number of points of support provided in the stroller — in other words, the number of individual wheels (single or twin) on which it rests. These strollers are currently in production:
— Tricycles. In such models, one wheel is usually in front and two in the back. One of the advantages of this design is that even on uneven ground, all wheels will have contact with the ground, none of them will sag, and the stroller will stand stable without wobble. In addition, three-wheeled models are lighter and cheaper than similar four-wheeled ones. At the same time, they resist tipping to one side worse, and in general are somewhat less reliable and durable. Therefore, there are relatively few such strollers.
— Four -wheelers. Traditional 4 wheels — two in front, two in the back. This design is more practical, reliable and resistant to tipping over than a three-wheeled one, which is why it is used in most modern strollers. However it is somewhat more expensive and heavier, but these points are generally outweighed by the benefits.
— Six-wheeled. A variant found among twin strollers, in which the seats are mounted side by side. Traditional 4 wheels in such models are supplemented with two more wheels, which are located between the seats; these wheels provide additional support, preventing the structure from sagging under the w...eight of children.
— Five-wheeled. A very rare and specific variant, also found among twin strollers. In fact, such models are a simplified version of the six-wheeled ones described above: in the front in such a stroller there are three wheels (at the edges and in the middle), and only two at the back (at the edges). This allows some reduction in weight and cost, but also reduces reliability; that is why five-wheeled models have not gained distribution.
Strollers, in which the cradle / seat unit has a swivel design and can be turned around relative to the base (around the vertical axis).
The meaning of this function can be different — depending on whether the stroller has a toggle handle (see above). If there is such a handle, then the rotary block complements it, providing additional convenience. The fact is that when rearranging the toggle handle, the front and rear wheels of the stroller actually change places, which can create difficulties when moving; to avoid this, by changing the position of the handle, you can turn the rotary block — and the wheels will again take their prescribed position.
If there is no flip handle in the stroller, then the swivel block actually replaces it, allowing you to turn the baby sitting in the stroller in the right direction — for example, facing forward when walking, facing the parent while sleeping. In this case, again, the front and rear wheels remain in their usual places.
Thus, this feature anyway provides additional convenience. On the other hand, the swivel mount significantly affects the cost of the structure and somewhat reduces its reliability, and therefore is quite rare.
The ability to install a cradle on the stroller — a characteristic basket in which the baby can lie comfortably.
Recall that cradles are mainly used for the smallest children (up to 6-8 months), who still cannot sit normally in the walking blocks. And the possibility of installing such an accessory, by definition, is available in all universal strollers (see "Design"). Also, the replacement of the walking block with a cradle can be provided in purely walking models. In fact, such strollers are also universal — however, they are not initially equipped with cradles, and therefore belong to the category of strollers.
Car seat installation
The ability to install a child car seat on the chassis of the stroller. This feature can be very useful on car trips: the car seat can be used both in the car and as a seat unit for a stroller, and the main seat unit can be left at home so that it does not take up space in the boot. Note that some models with this function are initially equipped with a suitable car seat; if it is purchased separately, you should pay special attention to compatibility with your stroller.
Height adjustable stroller handle. This function allows you to optimally adjust the length of the handle to the height of the parent; it will be especially useful if the parents differ in height, while each of them regularly carries a stroller.
— Whole(solid). A U-shaped (or similar) pen that acts as a sort of frame. When held with two hands, it is somewhat less convenient than the horn one, however, you can comfortably hold on to such a handle with one hand.
— Horn (double). A pair of separate handles that do not have a jumper between them. The handles themselves are usually made bent, so that the parent's hands lying on them are located in the optimal, most comfortable position. At the same time, it is advisable to hold on to the horn handles with both hands; handling them with one hand is much more difficult than with a solid handle. In addition, we note that this option is considered the most suitable for strollers (see "Design"), and it is poorly suited for strollers with a cradle.
— Universal. The design, which is a combination of the solid and open-end handles described above: a solid frame, complemented by a pair of protruding "horns". This allows the parent to choose an option depending on the situation: for example, it is more convenient to hold the stroller by the “horns” with both hands, and if one hand needs to be freed, you can grab the one-piece handle. At the same time, not everyone really needs such a choice, and the universal pens themselves are more complicated and more expensive than specialized ones, which is why they are much less common.
— Steering wheel. The handle in the form of a steering wheel can have a different design: in some models it is an oval loop mounted on a long bar, in others it is a kind of “steering wheel” on the frame above the hood. Anyway, in some models such a handle is precisely the steering wheel: it is directly connected to the front wheels, and when the handle is turned, the wheels turn in one direction or another. This significantly improves manoeuvrability, but complicates the design and increases its price. However, there are also simpler designs, where the steering wheel handle differs from the classic handles only in shape. All these nuances should be clarified for each model separately.
The stroller has a hand brake.
Any parking brake (whether hand or foot) blocks the wheels of the stroller, preventing it from moving. Thanks to this function, the risk that the standing stroller will roll somewhere by itself is eliminated — for example, down a slope, or under the influence of a gust of wind. Almost all modern strollers are equipped with a parking brake. Most often, it is foot-operated (turns on and off by pressing the foot), but some models provide manual control — using a lever or a button on the handle. Such a brake is somewhat more expensive than a foot brake, but it is more convenient: the control is right in front of the eyes and at the parent's fingertips.
Illumination from LEDs mounted on the body of the stroller. This lighting provides additional safety: it makes the stroller more visible to others, especially at night. It is especially recommended to use LEDs when driving in yards where cars can drive, on roadsides where there are no sidewalks, as well as on pedestrian crossings (even well-lit and even during the day).
The main material from which the frame of the stroller is made.
— Aluminium. The material used in the vast majority of modern strollers of all price categories. This is due to a number of advantages: aluminium is light and at the same time durable, it does not rust and is not afraid of moisture, it lasts a long time, it looks nice, but it is relatively inexpensive — somewhat more expensive than steel, but noticeably cheaper than more advanced materials like carbon.
— Steel. Steel frames are not inferior in strength to aluminium, while they are much cheaper. On the other hand, they are quite heavy, which is why steel in wheelchairs is used much less frequently.
— Magnesium alloy. Premium Material: Stronger and more durable than aluminium, just as lightweight, but at a significantly higher cost. It is extremely rare, in single models of expensive strollers.
— Carbon. Another high-end material: plastic-filled carbon fibre. This combination gives excellent strength — comparable to steel — at a very low weight. However, carbon is also very expensive, and the advantages mentioned for strollers are rarely decisive — in most cases, simpler materials are enough. Therefore, carbon frames have not received distribution.
— Plastic. The plastic itself is easy to manufacture and costs relatively little; in addition, this material does not keep your hands as cold in cool weather as aluminium or steel. However, in modern strollers, frames mad...e of this material are extremely rare. The fact is that inexpensive varieties of plastic are not strong enough for this; and high-quality grades and cost accordingly — at a price they approach the same aluminium, and even surpass it.
— Fibreglass. Usually, in this case, fibreglass is meant — glass fibre filled with plastic filler. Note that glass fibre has little in common with traditional window glass: it is flexible and durable. And the plastic filler, in turn, provides protection from scratches and tears. As a result, the material is light and very durable. On the other hand, fibreglass is brittle (sensitive to point impacts) and subject to abrasion. Therefore, this variant of distribution has not received in wheelchairs.
The presence of a suitcase handle in the design of the stroller.
In this case, we are talking about the auxiliary handle, which is used for transport when folded: a folded stroller can be rolled by such a handle, like a suitcase (hence the name). Actually, the handle itself is generally similar to the devices used in suitcases. Most often, it is made telescopic or folding, and during normal use of the stroller, it is completely hidden in the frame and does not create inconvenience. However, there are other, more specific options: for example, in some strollers, the suitcase handle turns into a protective bumper when unfolded (see above).
The presence of twin wheels in the stroller — when two wheels are installed at the fulcrum instead of one, at a small distance from one another. This somewhat increases the weight and cost, but improves stability, and also has a positive effect on the reliability of the design and patency.
Note that all wheels are not necessarily paired — for example, in some strollers, the front wheels are single. This is done mainly to reduce price and weight.
The swivel wheels can turn right and left while driving, following the movement of the stroller itself. This design improves manoeuvrability and significantly facilitates control: if a stroller without swivel wheels has to be tilted “on itself” to turn or turn, placing it on two rear wheels, then models with this function normally turn on all wheels at once.
It should be clarified that usually only the front pair of wheels has such a design — this is quite enough.
Fixing the front wheels
A feature found on models with swivel wheels (see above). Fixation allows you to fix such wheels straight, without the possibility of turning to the sides; in some situations — for example, when driving over rough terrain — stationary wheels are more convenient than swivel wheels. And when manoeuvrability is required, the locks can be easily released.
Rear wheels without axle
Strollers in which the rear wheels are mounted on completely separate stands, without any additional bridge between them.
The main advantage of rear wheels without an axle is that the legs of the parent following the stroller do not touch the jumper between the wheels. In addition, this feature somewhat increases the cross-country ability (allows the stroller to pass objects lying on the road between the wheels without clinging to them with the axle).
Type of wheels installed on the stroller.
The most popular nowadays are rubber wheels, including inflatable ones. Plastic wheels are used mainly in inexpensive strollers to further reduce the cost, while gel ones, on the contrary, are considered a very advanced option. Here is a more detailed description of each of these varieties:
— Rubber. In this case, wheels having a solid tyre of rubber are meant. Such tires are inexpensive, while they have a fairly soft ride, do not make noise and smooth out road bumps well; this is what led to their popularity in modern strollers. However such wheels are somewhat less convenient and effective on uneven surfaces than inflatable and gel wheels (see below) — on the other hand, they are much cheaper, do not require special maintenance, are not afraid of damage and can be used on wheels of any diameter, including a very small number.
— Inflatable. Wheels with rubber inflatable tires. Such tires are softer than conventional rubber tires (see above), and the wheels themselves are usually quite large. This allows wheelchairs with this feature to easily move on uneven surfaces, as well as overcome fairly high curbs and other obstacles. The main disadvantage of inflatable tires can be called a relatively high cost. In addition, they need to be monitored — periodically pumped up so that...the pressure does not drop — and also protected from cuts and punctures: when depressurized, such a tyre becomes unusable. On the other hand, in the case of wheelchairs, the maintenance of inflatable wheels is not difficult, and the tires themselves are made quite thick, and the likelihood of damage is low.
— Plastic. Wheels made of plastic; usually, both the tyre and the rim are made of this material, although there are some models with metal rims. The key advantages of this option are simplicity and low cost. On the other hand, plastic wheels are not durable and reliable; and because of their hardness, they practically do not dampen vibrations and make a lot of noise. So plastic is mainly used in relatively inexpensive strollers with small wheels designed for a flat surface.
— Gel. Wheels, similar in design to inflatable ones (see the relevant paragraph), but filled not with air, but with a special gel. The main advantage of this option is insensitivity to small punctures and cuts: when it comes out, the gel in the tyre solidifies almost instantly upon contact with air, effectively sealing the damage site. In addition, these wheels are practically maintenance-free — they do not need to be pumped up. The disadvantages of gel tires include high cost and somewhat greater rigidity than inflatable tires (although in terms of softness, such wheels are still noticeably superior to rubber and, especially, plastic ones).
The material from which the rims in the wheels of the stroller are made. The reliability of the wheel and its resistance to deformation largely depend on the material of the rim.
— Plastic. Plastic rims are lightweight and inexpensive. They are not as strong as metal, but in most cases even such a relatively low strength is enough. Therefore, this material is most often used in wheelchairs.
— Metal. The main advantage of the metal is its high strength: such a rim is able to withstand higher loads than a similar plastic one. On the other hand, it will weigh more and cost more. Therefore, metal rims are less common than plastic ones, mainly in rather expensive strollers.
Front wheel diameter
The diameter of the front wheels installed in the stroller.
The larger the wheel, the better it overcomes obstacles and bumps, the more convenient it is to carry the stroller through mud, snow and other “difficult” surfaces. At the same time, the front wheels are not as important for cross-country ability as the rear ones: for example, to overcome obstacles, the stroller is often reared up, tilted towards itself, and only the rear wheels work. Therefore, the diameter of the front wheels can be noticeably smaller than that of the rear. It is worth noting here that the small size also has its advantages — the wheels are lighter.
If we talk about specific numbers, that a size up to 15 cm is considered very limited, 16 – 20 cm — small, 21 – 25 cm — medium, 26 – 30 cm — larger than average, 31 – 35 cm — large, and more than 35 cm — very large.
Rear wheel diameter
The diameter of the rear wheels installed in the stroller.
The larger the wheel, the better it overcomes obstacles and bumps, the more convenient it is to carry the stroller through mud, snow and other “difficult” surfaces. For the rear wheels, these moments are most relevant: for example, when transporting a stroller through obstacles, it is usually tilted towards itself, so that the front wheels are in the air, and the rear wheels have to overcome the obstacle. On the other hand, small wheels weigh less and accelerate more easily, and are better suited for flat surfaces. So it’s worth choosing a stroller according to this indicator, taking into account which roads it has to be transported on. If you plan to move on flat floors, good asphalt and wheelchair ramps, you should choose small wheels, up to 20 cm. For rough terrain, driving through mud and snow, regularly overcoming steps and curbs, it makes sense to pay attention to wheels of 30 cm and larger . A diameter of 20 – 30 cm is an intermediate option — it is suitable if you have to ride mostly on flat surfaces, but occasionally there is a need to overcome obstacles.
— Walking block. A walking block is a place for a child in which he is sitting (as opposed to a cradle — see below). In a sitting position, children are carried from 6 to 8 months — when the baby is no longer interested in just lying in the cradle and he is able to sit without problems. All types of strollers are equipped with walking blocks (see "Design"), except for classic and transformers: the first variety, by definition, uses a cradle, the second — a special device called "transformer cradle-walk" (see below).
— Cradle. A traditional cradle is a basket with high sides in which the child is lying down. Such baskets are intended for children in the first months of life — usually up to 8 months, less; from an older age, it makes sense to use a walking block (see above). Cradles are used in all types of strollers, except for strollers and transformers (see "Design") — the first variety is equipped with only walking blocks, the second uses the so-called "transformer cradles-walks" (see below). Carrycots are a special variation of traditional cradles (they are also described below).
— Carrying cradle. A variation of the carrycot (see above) designed to be easily carried separately from the stroller. To do this, the design provides at least an appropriate handle. At the same time, not every cradle that has a carrying handle (see above) belongs to this category...of accessories: only those cradles that initially allow long-term carrying in hands and have various design features that facilitate such transportation are called “carriers”. .
— Cradle-walk transformer. In fact, it is a cradle, which, if necessary, can be turned into a walking block for a seated child.
— Car seat. A special seat for transporting small children in cars. Such an accessory is definitely necessary from the point of view of safety, and in many countries transporting children without car seats is completely prohibited by the rules of the road. Car seats are usually supplied with strollers for the smallest children — up to 12 months, weighing up to 13 kg; seat for a grown baby will still have to be purchased separately. At the same time, before buying, it's ok to clarify the characteristics of such an accessory — first of all, the method of attaching it to the car.
— Cape for legs. A cape that covers the legs of a child in a stroller from wind, cold and bad weather. For the same purpose, you can use a blanket or other “handy tool”, but complete capes are more convenient — they are securely attached to the stroller and do not fall off while driving. And if necessary, the same blanket can be placed inside the cape — for additional warming. Note that many strollers that are not equipped with this accessory allow you to purchase it separately. It is also worth saying that such an accessory is used mainly with walking blocks (see above); in cradles, a canopy located in the area of \u200b\u200bthe baby's legs performs a similar function, but it is not considered a cape.
— Raincoat. A waterproof cape that protects the child in the stroller from rain, snow and strong winds. Typically, such a cape is made of transparent material or has transparent inserts — so that the baby can see the world around him, and the parent can follow the baby himself. Rain covers for strollers are also sold separately, but if such an accessory is included in the kit, you do not have to worry about compatibility.
— Mosquito net. Mesh with small cells, which can cover a child sitting in a stroller. The cells allow air to pass through, but trap mosquitoes, midges and other harmful insects, as well as small debris raised by the wind; such protection is especially useful during evening walks in the warm season, as well as when going out into nature.
— Bag for things. A separate bag, which is usually hung on the handle of the stroller. In such a bag, you can keep various useful little things that need quick access: food, toys and hygiene items for the baby, documents of the parent himself, etc. In most cases, the bag is removable, which provides additional convenience. Note that for some models that were not originally equipped with a bag, such an accessory can be purchased separately.
— Shopping compartment. A device in the form of a basket or container, installed at the bottom of the stroller, under the cradle or walking block. In such a compartment it is convenient to pack purchases and other things that do not require quick access during a walk. At the same time, larger and heavier items are placed in the basket / container than in the bag for things (see above); and the low position also improves the stability of the stroller. The shopping compartment can be made from different materials — plastic, metal mesh, fabric, etc.; soft materials are generally lighter, but less durable, hard materials are reliable, but can get in the way when overcoming curbs and other obstacles
— Built-in speakers. Speakers built right into the stroller near the baby's head — usually in the hood. Through such speakers, you can play various music and sounds — lullabies, baby tunes, educational programs, etc. The role of the sound source is usually played by a smartphone or other gadget connected via a cable that is equipped with a stroller.
— Cup holder. A stand on the parent handle that allows you to securely fasten a glass or bottle with a drink — for example, milk for the baby or water for the parent himself.
— Hand strap. Strap on the handle of the stroller, which the parent can put on his hand. This reduces the risk of dropping the stroller: the strap is likely to keep it close to the parent, even if the arms are fully unclenched.
— Clutch for hands. An accessory that can come in handy when walking in the cold season. The coupling is attached to the handle of the stroller; if desired, you can hide your hands in it so that they do not freeze in the cold. At the same time, the design of the clutch is such that it does not interfere with fully holding the handle and driving the stroller.
— Cover for a stroller. A protective cover for storing the stroller and transporting it outside of working hours. Usually, it is made of soft materials and protects the structure mainly from dirt, direct sunlight, and also from moisture (in whole or in part). But the protection against mechanical damage turns out to be purely symbolic — this would require a case made of hard materials. However, in fact, such protection is rarely required, and soft cases are lightweight and take up minimal space when folded (unlike the same cases). That is why this option is the most popular in wheelchairs. At the same time, a complete case, usually, is much more convenient, practical and reliable than impromptu packaging.
Weight, which is not recommended by the manufacturer to exceed. Naturally, nothing terrible will happen if you overload the stroller. However, if you regularly give it an excessive load, then in the end it will lead to its breakdown. And it's good if it doesn't harm the child. So most of the universal strollers are designed for a weight of 15 kg, which corresponds to a three-year-old child. However, there are also more powerful strollers — after all, there are different children and operating conditions.
The distance between the side wheels of the stroller; this dimension usually corresponds to the overall width of the structure. If the front and rear widths are different, then the greatest distance is indicated — usually along the rear wheels; on the same wheels the width is measured in three-wheeled models.
In general, the wider the chassis — the more stable the stroller is, the more difficult it is to tip it on its side. On the other hand, a large width can create problems in cramped conditions — narrow corridors and doorways, elevators, etc. The narrowest modern strollers have a width of up to 45 cm, the widest — more than 70 cm(these are mainly models for twins or triplets , where two places are side-by-side). Models 46 – 50 cm are also considered quite narrow, a width of 51 – 55 cm can be called small, 56 – 60 cm — medium, 61 – 65 cm — more than average, 65 – 70 cm — large.
Cradle dimensions (LxW)
Dimensions of the cradle supplied as standard.
In part, the rule “the more the better” works here: a large cradle provides a good supply for the growth period of the child, in winter you can put a baby dressed in thick warm clothes in it, and in summer the extra space in the cradle provides good ventilation. On the other hand, larger carrycots are bulkier, weigh more and cost more.
The width of the seat installed in the stroller.
The width of the seat usually does not mean the outer dimension, but the size of the seat itself — that is, the space where the child is placed. You need to choose according to this indicator, taking into account the physique of the baby and the estimated margin for further growth.
The total weight of the assembled stroller. For universal models (see "Design"), this paragraph usually indicates the weight with the seat unit installed: such an accessory is used for a longer time than the cradle, therefore its characteristics are considered the most important. In addition, the difference in weight between cradles and walking blocks usually does not exceed 700 – 800 g (there are exceptions, but quite rarely).
If we compare two similar models by this indicator, then a lighter stroller will be more convenient to use, however, most likely, it will turn out to be either less reliable or more expensive than a relatively heavy analogue. In addition, note that weight indicators are highly dependent on the type of stroller (see "Design"). Yes, and massiveness has its advantages: it contributes to stability and reduces the likelihood of tipping over. As for specific numbers, the lightest modern strollers have a weight of less than 5 kg ; these are mainly models of walking specialization (see "Design"), and exclusively single-seat. Models for 6 – 10 kg also belong mainly to this walking model — although among them there are already other varieties, as well as strollers for twins. 11 – 15 kg is, in fact, a standard indicator for universal strollers and transformers. 16 – 20 kg is already a very significant weight; and models of...more than 20 kg are extremely rare — among high-end strollers for 2 seats.
Country of brand origin
The country of origin of the brand under which the product is marketed. Often indicated by the nationality of the company or the location of its headquarters. At the same time, the actual production capacity of the brand often differs from the country of origin.
It should be noted that the quality of products depends not so much on geography, but on the peculiarities of the organization of processes and quality control at all stages of production. Therefore, national prejudices regarding brands from certain regions, as a rule, are not supported by anything. It is necessary to pay attention to the country of origin of the brand only if the task is to fundamentally support or bypass the manufacturer from a particular state.
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