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Pushchairs: specifications, types
General design of the stroller.
In addition to traditional varieties — classic models (with a cradle) and strollers(with a seat) — nowadays you can also find universal strollers, which are 2 in 1 and 3 in 1, transformers and strollers for sports purposes....Here is a more detailed description of each variety:
— Walking. Strollers designed for the sitting position of the child. A place for a baby in such strollers is called a "walking block"; in fact, this is a seat of a special design. In some models, such a seat can tilt almost horizontally, which gives the small passenger the opportunity to take a nap. However, all strollers are intended for more or less grown-up children who are able to sit on their own — that is, not younger than 6 – 8 months.
Also note that in this category there are strollers with the possibility of installing a cradle. In fact, such models are universal (see below); but if the cradle is not initially included in the delivery, it is customary to classify the stroller as a stroller.
— Walking (sports). A variety of walking models (see above) designed for parents who value an active lifestyle: the sports stroller can be used not only when walking calmly, but also while jogging. Such strollers are usually equipped with three wheels of a rather large diameter, and also have a large chassis width (see below); all this gives additional stability and manoeuvrability, including on uneven roads. In addition, the design may include specific features for additional convenience and safety — for example, a belt that fixes the parent's hand on the handle of the stroller, or an additional brake that works when the stroller is released from the hands.
— Universal. Strollers, regularly equipped with at least two (or even three) interchangeable blocks: a cradle where the child is in a lying position, a walking block for sitting, and sometimes also a group 0+ car seat. The parent himself chooses what exactly to install on the chassis. The main convenience of this option is that one stroller is enough for the entire “pram” age of the baby: up to 6-8 months, a cradle is used, then you can gradually switch to a walking block. However universal strollers are more expensive and less convenient to store than transformers (see below), which have similar capabilities. On the other hand, the cradle and the walking block, made separately, are more convenient and more reliable than the “walk cradles” used in transformers.
Note that some universal models can be supplied in alternative configurations — for example, "cradle + car seat". So when buying such a stroller, it's ok to clarify the set of accessories supplied with it.
— A stroller-transformer. Strollers in which the seat — the so-called "cradle-walk" — can be transformed from a cradle to a walking block and vice versa. This gives the same possibilities as in universal models (see above): the same stroller can be used both in the first months of a child’s life, when a cradle is needed for him, and in the future, when you can carry the baby already in a sitting position . However, unlike a universal stroller, in a transformer for such a reconfiguration, it is not necessary to rearrange the main unit; this provides several advantages at once. Firstly, the format of the main block can be changed at any time — including literally on the go; this does not require a replaceable walking block or cradle. Secondly, the carrycot takes up less storage space than two separate units.
— Classical. Strollers that are equipped with cradles only; some also allow the installation of a walking block, as in universal models, but if such a block is not included in the kit, the stroller is considered a classic. Recall that cradles are intended mainly for children under 6 – 8 months old, who are not yet able to sit normally in the walking block; in other words, this type of stroller is suitable mainly for the smallest children. That is why the "classic" nowadays is not particularly popular.
The type of stroller is indicated by the number of seats in it.
— Single. The traditional, most popular option is a stroller for one child. Some of these models allow the installation of an additional second unit (see below), which turns them into doubles; however, by default, even in such a stroller there is only one place.
— For twins. Strollers with two seats in which you can seat twins (or just two childr...en of the same age and physique). Seats in such wheelchairs can be located either side by side or one behind the other, in the latter case they can be installed at different heights.
— For triplets. Strollers for three seats — for triplets or three children of the same age. Three twins are born at once extremely rarely, therefore there are few strollers of this type produced. Places for children in them are usually arranged as follows: two side by side and one separately, in front of or behind them.
Installation of additional 2nd unit
Possibility of installation on a single wheelchair (see "Type") of an additional block, simultaneously with the main one.
Features of the use of this function may be different, depending on the type (see "Design") and the specific model of the stroller. So, in walking models, the installation of the second block, usually, is used to turn a single stroller into a double one; at the same time, the additional seat, like the main one, is a walking block w...ith the child sitting. However, it should be borne in mind here that the second block is usually located behind the main one, in the lower part of the structure, and the child sitting in such a place sees only the back of the front seat.
In turn, among the universal strollers there is a more specific option — the ability to install both the cradle and the walking block supplied in the kit on one chassis at once. This allows you to keep both accessories ready and use them depending on the situation: for example, at the beginning of a long walk, you can put the baby in the walking block, and when he gets tired and wants to sleep, put him in the cradle. The seat and carrycot are also installed at different levels, but their rearrangement, usually, takes a matter of seconds.
— Book. In wheelchairs with such a mechanism, the individual parts of the frame are connected by a common rotary axis; when the stroller is folded, these parts are pressed against each other like the pages of a closing book — hence the name. This is the most popular type of folding nowadays: "books" are somewhat more complicated, more expensive and heavier than "canes", but they have a number of advantages over them. Firstly, this method can be used in all types...of wheelchairs (see "Design"). Secondly, frames of this type are equally convenient for both walking blocks and cradles. Thirdly, such strollers can be equipped with solid or universal handles without any problems (see "Handle type"). Fourthly, the height of the "book" when folded is almost halved, while for cane structures this size does not change.
— Cane. If you look from the side, then in the unfolded position, the frame of the stroller with a cane mechanism from the side looks like this: a support for the front wheel, tilted back and ending with a handle on top, and a support for the rear wheel attached to it with its upper end, standing vertically (or almost vertically). When folding, the rear support rotates at the attachment point and is pressed against the front support; at the same time, the front support has a solid structure and does not fold by itself — this is the main difference between such mechanisms and “books”. And the name "cane" comes from the fact that such strollers usually use horn handles, and when folded, the design resembles a pair of canes.
The advantages of this type of mechanism are low weight, low cost and speed of unfolding/folding. On the other hand, the cane structure is poorly suited for cradles, which is why it is used mainly in strollers and individual universal models. In addition, open-end handles are somewhat less convenient than solid handles (the latter are also found in similar designs, but much less frequently).
Backrest tilt adjustment
The ability to adjust the angle between the seat and the back of the stroller. This allows you to choose the most comfortable position for the child and adjust the seat to different situations: for example, at the end of a long walk, the backrest can be tilted back so that a tired baby takes a nap.
Unit tilt adjustment
The ability to adjust the angle of inclination of the entire main unit relative to the stroller frame. This allows you to further adjust the stroller to different situations: for example, at the beginning of the walk, the block can be installed almost vertically, based on a sitting position, and later tilted back so that the baby can take a nap.
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